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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1905
Part I ([1905])

Report of the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes,   pp. 579-640 PDF (26.6 MB)


Page 580

580    REPORTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR. 
The educated and shrewd classes of the tribes had rendered the con- 
ditions of life almost intolerable for the ignorant. and the times also 
called for an extension of the right of citizenship so as to confer 
the right of suffrage and self-government upon the far more numer- 
ous but disfranchised white population of the Territory. 
This policy was bitterly opposed by nearly all of the wealthy "and 
      - 
speculative citizens of the tribes. A    numerous delegation of this 
class opposed the policy and denounced the Commission in 1898 
before the Indian Committee of the Senate. Fortunately the com- 
mittee, before taking final and adverse action, as seemed to be its 
determination, called on the Commission for such facts as the record 
showed. The result was that the alleged facts of the delegation 
were shown to be false, and, as now recalled, many of those who 
opposed the policy of the Commission were shown by written evi- 
dence to be steeped in corruption, and the Curtis bill was passed. 
From that day to this the chief difficulty of the Commission has 
been to protect the tribes, and the work intrusted to it from       the 
schemes and attacks of this class of men. They never intended that 
this work should succeed. They never intended to give up their 
prey; and they have pulled at it like eagles at a carcass at every 
step of its progress. We have reported their transgressions almost 
without number. To home influences have been added strong out- 
side alliances, arising chiefly from the discoveries of petroleum in 
the Territory. Aggregations of capital and influence have combined 
to push predatory schemes; and while in the main these men have 
been foiled of their plunder, yet they have so far been able to escape 
the punishment that should be vtsited for their crimes. 
LEGISLATION. 
By certain provisions inserted in the Indian appropriation act for 
the fiscal year ending June 30, 1906, a considerable amount of work 
was delegated to this Commission which was not anticipated when 
it was expected that the business of the Commission could be com- 
pleted by July, 1905. Especially is this true with respect to the en- 
rolling of children born to citizens of the Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, 
and Seminole nations since the rolls of those tribes were closed. The 
provisions referred to are as follows: 
That the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes is hereby authorized, for
sixty days after the date of the approval of this act, to receive and consider
ap- 
plications for enrollment of infant children born prior to September twenty-fifth,
nineteen hundred and two, and who were living on said date, to citizens by
blood of the Choctaw and Chicasaw tribes of Indians, whose enrollment has
been approved by the Secretary of the Interior prior to the date of the approval
of this act; and to enroll and make allotments to such children. 
That the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes is authorized, for sixty
days 
after the date of the approval of this act, to receive and consider applications
for 
enrollment of children born subsequent to September twenty-fifth, nineteen
hun- 
dred and two, and prior to March fourth, nineteen hundred and five, and who
were living on said latter date, to citizens by blood of the Choctaw and
Chicka- 
saw tribes of Indians, whose enrollment has been approved by the Secretary
of 
the Interior prior to the date of the approval of this act; and to enroll
and 
make allotments to such children. 
That the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes is authorized, for sixty
days after the date of the approval of this act, to receive and consider
applica- 
tions for enrollment of children born subsequent to May twenty-five, nineteen
hundred and one, and prior to March fourth, nineteen hundred and five, and
liv- 
ing on said latter date, to citizens of the Creek tribe of Indians, whose
enroll- 


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