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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1905
Part I ([1905])

Report concerning Indians in Wyoming,   pp. 380-384 PDF (2.1 MB)


Page 381

REPORT CONCERNING INDIANS IN WYOMING.                    381 
the supervision of Superintendent Walter B. Hill, for the reclamation of
the agri- 
cultural land on the diminished reservation is now under course of construction,
the first project having been begun this past spring. This first ditch, which
will 
be 26 feet wide on the top and 16 feet wide on the bottom, will be 15 miles
long, 
carry 5 feet of water, and will irrigate 20,000 acres. This canal will cost
$60,000, of an average cost per acre of $3 for reclamation. Five miles of
this canal have now been completed, and work will soon be suspended on this
one project in order that a portion of the work on each of the different
proj- 
ects may be completed within the year, in order to comply with the State
irrigation law for the securing of the water rights. The eptire system, when
completed, will cost several hundred thousand dollars and will reclaim prac-
tically all of the agricultural land of the diminished reservation. This
land is 
of the very finest quality and, when supplied with the water necessary for
irrigation, will be capable of producing the very finest crops imaginable.
The work on these canals is being done by the Indians on the reservation,
who seem very glad to have the work to do and appreciate the benefits result-
ing from steady employment. 
Buildings.-The office buildings at this agency, together with the carpenter
and blacksmith shops, are in the same deplorable condition as last reported.
Estimates have been made for new buildings to replace these, and it is much
hoped that the Department can see its way clear to authorizing the same.
Agriculture.-The outlook early this spring for more than an average crop
was good, but, on account of the great demand for labor on the irrigation
system and taking care of the military freight contract, the yield will not
be as 
desirable as at first estimated. The same difficulty obtains on account of
the 
lack of water, and it will probably be several years before this handicap
is 
removed. 
Allotments.-Special Allotting Agent H. G. Nickerson informs me that the 
allotment work is nearly completed, and within a few weeks he will be able
to 
turn over to the Department the schedules which will close up the work. The
work has been carefully done, and as soon as patents are issued the Indians
can 
then be located on- their allotments, and they can proceed with the assurance
that their locations are permanent. 
Education.-The various schools on this reservation are in a flourishing con--
dition. The Government boarding school at the agency has had a total enroll-
ment of 193, with an average attendance of 185. Good progress is still being
made in all lines of work, and children and employees are made as comfortable
as possible under the circumstances. Two new buildings authorized to take
the 
place of the buildings which are in such a poor condition have not yet been
con- 
structed, but we hope that contracts will be let in a short time. The employees
of the school, as a whole, are competent, careful, and effective. The sanitary
conditions of the school are very satisfactory, although the water supply
is 
inadequate and of poor quality. The new gravity water system lately author-
ized will probably be installed in a short time, which will remove all anxiety
on 
this one account. A new sewerage system will also be constructed, which is
very much needed. 
It has been my plan to allow children from the boarding school to go home
as 
often as possible for a day or part of a day at a time, and all holidays
are given 
them for this purpose, and it is a pleasure to report that these children
in- 
variably report at the school for duty on the day and at the hour specified
when they leave the school. The great objection by the Indians to placing
their 
children in the G( vernment boarding school has been practically entirely
re- 
moved, and there iL really very little difficulty in enrolling the children
of school 
age who should be enrolled here. 
The Shoshoni mission, conducted by the Protestant Episcopal Church a mile
and a half west of the agency, under the superintendency of the Rev. John
Roberts, is doing splendid work. This is a small school; a class of only
20 
Shoshoni girls is received. The work reflects credit upon its management.
The St. Stephen's Mission School, located near the Arapaho subissue station,
28 miles northeast of the agency, is conducted by the Roman Catholic Church.
The past twelve months have been the most satisfactory in its history. It
has 
a capacity of 125 children and had an enrollment during the last year of
112. 
Although children from both tribes are received, the greater part of them
are 
Arapaho on account of being so far removed from the Shoshoni. The manage-
ment of this school has lately installed a system of waterworks and a sewer
system, which will add materially to the convenience, comfort, and safety
of 
the pupils. 


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