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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1905
Part I ([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in Wisconsin,   pp. 371-380 PDF (4.4 MB)


Page 379

REPORTS CONCERNING INDIANS IN WISCONSIN.                 379 
REPORT OF SUPERINTENDENT IN CHARGE OF ONEIDA. 
ONEIDA. Wis., September 1, 1905. 
The population of the reservation was as follows on June 30: 
Males ---------------                        ---       1 116 
Females ---------------------------------------      -    973 
Males over 18_                   _-                       655 
Females over 14        -_--                              612 
Children  6  to  16  ....................-.               491 
Births ...-                                      ---      66 
Deaths                            .......-                35 
Marriages                                       _--        16 
The size and location of the reservation have been fully given in previous
reports. 
Sales of inherited Indian lands from July 1, 1904, to June 30, 1905, under
the 
act of May 27, 1903, amounted to 1,432.72 acres, from 38 allotments, and
the 
amount received was $26,162.50, or an average of $17.98 per acre. Most of
this 
land was wholly unimproved. On July 15, 1905, there remained in bank to the
credit of the heirs of these estates the sum of $16,602.26. The larger part
of 
the disbursements from these funds has been for articles of permanent value.
Among them may be noted the building of 11 new houses and the repair, amount-
ing almost to rebuilding, of 18 others; the purchase of 6 biniers, 14 mowers,
9 
horse rakes, 11 wagons, 19 horses, 23 cows, 7 top buggies, 9 platform wagons,
18 plows, 31 sets harness, 9 cook stoves, 10 heating stoves, 26 sets furniture,
and 
17 coffins-the latter necessary if not valuable. 
The first payment of $100 each on the long-delayed Kansas claim was begun
August 26 and is now about half done. A considerable part of this fund has
already been spent, with the sanction of this office, and among other purchases,
beside the payment of outstanding bills for groceries and clothing, are 20
sets 
harness, 27 top buggies, 13 road wagons, 9 lumber wagons, 25 horses, 7 sewing
machines, 13 pumps, and 207 spools of barbed wire. In many instances the
parents have requested that the shares of minor children be placed in bank
for 
their use when of age. In this distribution I have had the continued assistance
and wise counsel of the committee of ten of the principal men of the nation,
originally nominated by me and afterwards confirmed by the nation in general
council, and to them it is largely due that the payment has been made without
any of the unpleasant features which often attend the payment of large sums
of 
money. 
The question of asking for a removal of all restrictions on land has been
debated long and earnestly, and it is the opinion of the ablest men of the
tribe 
that the result of this payment will largely determine their attitude toward
that 
question. If the majority show an ability to care for their money and a desire
to invest wisely, an earnest effort will be made to secure full control of
their 
lands, but if, on the contrary, a disposition is shown to spend lavishly
for things 
not necessary or desirable no further effort will be made in that direction.
Schools.-Day school No. 1, the only day school maintained on this reservation
by the Government, was closed during the year, but was opened in July of
this 
year and now has a satisfactory attendance. It is expected that this school
will have its vacation in January and February and remain open during the
summer months, when the pupils can attend more regularly. 
Boarding school.-The enrollment at the boarding school was 224, With an 
average attendance of 196. The school building was burned on the night of
February 8, yet school work was continued, under some disadvantages, but
without sensible interruption, "in rooms in other buildings. As usual,
a large 
number have been transferred to the training schools, and their places will
be 
filled by younger pupils from the reservation. 
The Wisconsin legislature, at the last session, passed a compulsory law,
which we hope will secure the attendance of a number of pupils that we have
not previously been able to reach. 
Buildings are good and when the repairs now authorized are completed will
be in good condition. 
As in former years, the average age of pupils is less than 10, and the indus-
trial training for boys is gardening and care of stock, and for girls housework
and sewing. The force of employees is good and their work satisfactory. 
JOSEPH C. HART, Superintendent. 


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