University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1905
Part I ([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in New Mexico,   pp. 260-277 PDF (8.8 MB)


Page 270

270     REPORTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR. 
REPORT OF SUPERINTENDENT IN CHARGE OF PUEBLO. 
SANTA FE, N. MEX., August 19, 1905. 
The school is located 2 miles from the city of Santa Fe on slopng and well-
drained ground about 1 mile from the Santa Fe River. The school is 11 miles
from the depots of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe, the Denver and Rio
Grande, and the Santa Fe Central. Parties visiting the school officially
and 
employees of the school are met at the depot with school conveyance. The
hack fare is 50 cents. 
Plant.-The principal buildings are of brick and well constructed. The origi-
nal grounds have been enlarged, drives and walks laid out, and the lawns
and 
trees as well as the flower gardens make the place attractive and a favorite
resort for tourists. 
School population.-The pupils of the school are principally from the Pueblo,
though other tribes from New Mexico and Arizona are represented. The Pueblo
send the younger children to school and keep the larger and older ones at
home to work; the Pueblo girls seldom remain in school after they reach the
age of 13 or 14; in some of the pueblos-the most of them for that matter
there is a strong objection to education for the girls. They will permit
the boys 
to attend school possibly five years, but they can see no reason for sending
the 
girls to school; they say that the girls must keep the house, grind the meal,
carry the water, etc., and that education does them little or no good. It
there- 
fore is hard to get girls into the school, and when we do they are generally
young. 
School work.-The work of the past year has been in the hands of seven 
teachers directly under the. supervision of the assistant superintendent.
Pupils 
have attended school one-half day, and in addition have had four nights of
evening school. The work has been primary to a large extent, the grades above
the third and fourth being in the minority. A few of those that have remained
at school faithfully have completed the eighth grade, but few ever get that
far. 
The work of the school supplements that of the industries, and in the school
the 
English language is acquired. Few pupils ever enter the school who do not
learn .to speak fairly good English, and most of them learn to read and to
write a fairly good letter. The day schools furnish the boarding schools
pupils 
who have mastered the rudiments, and in this way we get possibly a better
class of pupils than other training schools which do not have these feeders.
During the year a number of school entertainments are given, and this is
helpful 
in many ways in bringing out the talent of the individual. A stage curtain
and 
other scenery has been added, which will assist materially in this line of
work 
hereafter. 
School garden.-Each teacher has a certain amount of ground for a school 
flower garden, and with the pupils from her room plants and cares for this
gar- 
den. The children are thus made to take an interest in the cultivation of
flow- 
ers, the care of lawns and trees, and to feel a personal responsibility in
the 
grounds. Pupils from one room are not permitted to pick flowers in another
garden, and thus individual ownership is taught, something very essential
in 
Indian education. 
Industries.-The industrial work of the school is made prominent, as by it
we 
hope to make the Indian youth from this school self-sustaining. The farm
at 
this school is limited to what might be called an experimental farm. No large
fields are cultivated, but smaller acreage and better class of work is done.
The 
most improved system of. irrigation is taught by a practical man who has
had a 
long experience in the West and thoroughly understands irrigation. The school
gardens are well cultivated and produce abundant yields. The orchard is cared
for by the boys. Many varieties of vegetables are raised, and their value
is 
taught to the Indian youth. 
The dairy furnishes instruction in the care of cows as well as milk for the
school table. The poultry yards and the herds of swine also give the Indian
youth valuable lessons and instruction. The care of the school horses and
mules, including the breeding of stock, furnishes valuable instruction for
the 
older boys. 
In the trades a class of boys was instructed throughout the year in carpen-
try, and their work consisted in doing the general carpentry work of the
school, 
and in addition building three employees' cottages. This latter work was
very valuable instruction and was accomplished under the supervision of the


Go up to Top of Page