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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1905
Part I ([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in California,   pp. 180-195 PDF (7.8 MB)


Page 192

192     REPORTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR. 
center of school population, and in consequence the school has been well
at- 
tended. The pupils are interested, and the teacher has the cooperation of
their 
parents and has within the year made a decided success of the school. There
is a small school garden, which will be enlarged and irrigated from the river,
which runs close by. It is not the intention that the present quarters shall
be permanent, but has'been tried more in the nature of an experiment, to
note 
the difference in attendance, with a view to establishing a good school plant
when the school shall be placed upon a successful basis. This building will
be 
painted early in the year. 
Morongo Reservation consists of 38,600 acres of land in Riverside County,
near the town of Banning, on the Southern Pacific Railroad. Like most of
the 
Indian reservations in southern California, the land is in the mountains
and 
foothills, only a portion being level enough to cultivate. The cultivated
land 
is on a mountain slope, and water is conducted to it through two stone ditches,
constructed some years ago at considerable cost. There is quite an abundance
of water in the cienega where the water is obtained, but a large reservoir
should 
be constructed for the purpose of conserving the surplus for future use.
What is known as the Potrero day school is located on the Morongo Reser-
vation, 4 miles from Banning. For many years this school has been conducted
by Mrs. Sarah E. Gilman, with Mrs. Victoria Miguel, an Indian woman, as her
housekeeper. Mrs. Gilman has been a very successful teacher, but there has
been a lack of attendance in recent years, due somewhat to the fact that
the res- 
ervation is situated near a Catholic boarding school, and is also easily
accessi- 
ble to Sherman Institute, so that these two schools draw largely from the
scholastic population. Even under these conditions the school has been a
suc- 
cess and done much good work. 
San Manuel Reservation.-This reserve consists of 640 acres of absolutely
worthless dry hills, some 10 miles from San Bernardino. There is practically
no water for domestic purposes, only that which is obtained from an irrigating
ditch running through one corner of the reservation. A small community of
Indians have their habitations here and are apparently happy. They obtain
their living in some way better known to themselves than to me. 
Santa Rosa Reservation lies 30 miles east of here, upon the side of a moun-
tain of the same name, upon a portion of unsurveyed Government land. A com-
munity of nomads reside here, spending the summers in the cool shade of the
pine trees, and when the winter months come round they slide down the moun-
tain to the desert side to stay during the winter season. Agricultural pur-
suits are out of the question. 
Santa Ynez Reservation is situated in Santa Barbara County, near the town
of Santa Ynez, which is the post-office for the reservation, and not far
from 
the old Santa Ynez mission. As has been stated in previous reports, these
Indians were located upon lands belonging to the Catholic Church and also
what is known as the college grants. Legal steps were taken several years
ago 
to obtain for the use of the Indians the lands upon which they had resided,
and which they had cultivated for many years. There remains yet only some
legal technicalities to be disposed of when they will be provided with excellent
land with never-failing water and should support themselves without diftculty.
Palm Springs Reservation.--This reservation is located on the edge of the
great Colorado desert, 4 miles from the Southern Pacific Railroad. The post-
office is Palm Springs. Thirty-three Indians reside here and maintain them-
selves by working for others and by what little they raise on the small portion
of the reservation that is under cultivation. We have here a continuous quarrel
over the small amount of water available for irrigation purposes. Both the
whites and Indians lay claim to the same, but neither gets enough for success-
ful farming operations. A hot spring is located on this reservation which
gives 
it its name. This spring furnishes some water for irrigation. 
Cahuilla Reservatio.-This reservation is situated in an elevated mountain
valley, 35 miles from San Jacinto, the nearest railroad point. The post-office
is at Aguangua, 10 miles away. Successful farming is not possible on this
bleak reservation; the land is better adapted to stock raising, there being
considerable good pasture land. There is practically no water for irrigation.
During the year I had authority to expend the sum of $500 in an endeavor
to 
obtain water for irrigating some of the land. This effort was partially suc-
cessful, and with more means at hand I am certain would be entirely so. 
A day school is situated here and has been very successfully conducted by
Miss Mabel Egeler, teacher, and Miss Alma Spence, housekeeper. Miss Egeler
gained the confidence of the Indians and the school was very well attended.


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