University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1905
Part I ([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in California,   pp. 180-195 PDF (7.8 MB)


Page 191

REPORTS CONCERNING INDIANS IN CALIFORNIA. 
191 
The foregoing table shows an aggregate population of 1,251 for the reserva-
tions under the jurisdiction of the San Jacinto Training School, while the
table 
for 1904 showed 1,263. 
For your information, as well as for those who may read this report, I will
present briefly the features of each reservation under my charge: 
San Jacinto Reservation.-This is commonly known a§ the "Soboba
Reservai- 
tion," Soboba being an Indian word signifying "cold." It is
located 6 miles 
from the city of San Jacinto, on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad,
the post-office and telegraphic address being San Jacinto. 
The reservation comprises 2,960 acres of mostly poor foothill land; about
150 
acres are under irrigation from a reservoir fed by springs. A considerable
portion of this reserve could be tilled if eligible to water for irrigating
pur- 
poses. It is located near a fine agricultural region and fruit orchards,
and 
the Indians gain at least 75 per cent of their maintenance by working for
white people in civilized pursuits. Only small sums have been expended from
time to time in obtaining water for these Indians. During the past year the
Office allowed me to use the sum of $600 in enlarging, cleaning, and deepening
the reservoir and ditches leading therefrom. It is necessary to have this
work 
done at least once a year, so that the small amount of water available may
be 
used to the best advantage for domestic and irrigating purposes. 
Upon the San Jacinto Reservation, at a distance of 4 miles from the agency
headquarters at San Jacinto, is located the Soboba day school, a prosperous
school, and well conducted by Mr. Will H. Stanley, the teacher, with his
wife, 
May Stanley, as housekeeper. The attendance has been uniform and satis- 
factory. Practically every child of school age is either at the day school
or 
away at some of our excellent boarding schools. Several acres are devoted
to 
a school garden, and the teacher has made this feature of the work a success,
providing a nice assortment of fresh vegetables for the use of the children
at 
their noon-day lunch. A windmill pumps all of the water used for irrigating
this garden. The school buildings are in fair condition, and will receive
new 
paint during the coming year. 
Tule iver Reservation.-In the Sierra Nevada Mountains, in Tulare County,
25 miles from Porterville, the nearest railway station and post and telegraph
office, is located the Tule River Reservation. Some twenty years ago the
Indians 
of this reservation were evicted from the rich river bottom lands 5 miles
from 
Porterville and established upon some 45,000 acres of land reserved from
the 
public domain. Of this large tract only approximately 200 acres can be 
farmed with any promise of success, being mountainous. Such remaining por-
tions as are not needed by the Indians themselvs are leased from year to
year 
for grazing purposes, at an annual rental of $1,000. 
The agricultural land is irrigated from the South Fork of the Tule River,
a 
never-failing stream  which rises upon and flows through this reservation.
Acting under departmental authority, I constructed during the month of Sep-
tember, 1904, a concrete dam across the Tule River at the intake of a long
flume which carries the water to the land for irrigating purposes The dam
was 
a complete success, but a small amount should be expended during the coiffing
fiscal year in repairing the flume, which has become badly warped and cracked
from exposure to the sun when not in use. Twenty thousand trout were placed
in the Tule River during the season of 1904, and it was restocked during
the 
present year with 20,000 more, thus furnishing a good food supply for the
Indians. 
The lower portions of the reservation are covered with oak timber, and in
the 
mountain regions, which are heavily timbered, are found many of the giant
sequoias, the famous "big trees of California." Through the inadvertence
of 
the Land Office, or fraud, or possibly both, greedy white men obtained patents
to some of this best timber land, covered with sequoias and splendid pine
and 
fir trees, within the reservation's boundaries. I regret exceedingly that
the 
legal department of the Government has, after careful examination of the
mat- 
ter, determined that nothing can be done to save these tracts for the Indians.
The principal reason given for this decision is that the statute of limitations
would preclude the possibility of holding the land. Is it any wonder that
the 
Indians consider themselves common prey for whoever sees fit to rob them
when 
this has been done upon this one reservation twice within twenty years. 
A day school is located on this reservation, and is ably conducted by Mr.
Prank A. Virtue, assisted by his wife, Minnie I. Virtue, as housekeeper.
By au- 
thority of your Office I constructed a temporary school building about 3
miles south of the old schoolhouse. The new quarters are situated nearer
the 


Go up to Top of Page