University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1905
Part I ([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in California,   pp. 180-195 PDF (7.8 MB)


Page 189

REPORTS CONCERNING INDIANS IN CALIFORNIA. 
189 
office building, a tool and implement shed has been built, and a neat woven-
wire fence constructed about the agency and day-school buildings. In addi-
tion to these, two rooms have been added to both the Pechanga and Rincon
schools, and entire new day-school plants have been allowed for the Mesa
Grande and Volcan day schools. These plants consist of four-room teacher's
cottages, school buildings, and all necessary outbuildings. These improvements
will place all of the seven schools, except the Capitan Grande, in first-class
condition. 
Schools.-The schools have, without exception, done excellent work, and the
teachers and housekeepers have been faithful in the performance of their
duties. There have been two changes during the year in the teaching force.
Miss Belle Dean, who has had charge of the Pechanga School for the past 
nine years, was transferred to Fort Mohave, and Mr. J. W. Lewis, of the Pine
Ridge day schools, succeeded her. On May 17 Miss Ella L. Patterson, of the
Capitan Grande School, died very suddenly. I feel that no more than justice
is done to her when I say that she was one of the very best teachers in the
service. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas M. Games have taken charge of the school 
recently organized at Volcan, and although new to the work are doing very
well indeed. 
In nearly all of the schools some attention has been given to gardening,
and 
it is my purpose to give this Aubject still more attention next year. 
The following table is given to show important information in regard to each
day school: 
Schol.  eacer.        onskeeer.     Monthl Averaj e Average 
slar     end- attend- 
e salary.ance1904.,ance1905. 
Capitan Grande  Ella L. Patterson ------ Blanche Patterson -....  a $72 1
1 } 
b 301 
La Jolla.----------.Leonidas Swaim-------  Minnie E. Swaim ----  b 30  17
14 
Mesa Grande    Amos R. Frank ........ MayFrank----------{-- a7 2  12  16
Pala -Ora M. Salmons--Salvadora Valenzuela {           b 3 }   16       21
Pechanga---------.J. W. Lewis------------.Ida Lewis-----------{  b 3 }  15
 11 
Rincon------......-W.J. Davis ----------- M. Blanche Davis-{  b 30 }  17
 14 
f a 72 
Volcan .----------.Thomas M. Games ----  Mary F. Games. -- -  b 30  - -.........
 18 
Salary of teacher.                  b Salary of housekeeper. 
Agriculture.-The copious rains of the past winter have caused the tillable
lands of the several reservations to yield a bountiful harvest. The people
have been diligent in planting, and cultivating and all are happy and encouraged
at the results. During the coming year all able-bodied Indians will be able
to live well. Only the old, sick, and dependent will require assistance.
There 
are about eighty such dependent ones, and these should be assisted by donations
of food and clothing at regular intervals and systematically, instead of
wait- 
ing until starvation drives them to beggary. I have asked for $3,600 for
this 
purpose for the coming year and hope it will be allowed. The number that
I have estimated for does not include a single able-bodied person. 
The Indians at Pala are making good use of the new irrigation ditch, which
has just been completed. 
Health.-Since December 1, 1904, the Government has not furnished any 
medical service to these Indians, on account of lack of funds. The sick have
*either gone without trbatment or accepted the treatment of the "witch
doctors." 
These "witch doctors " use roots and herbs in connection with a
sort of super- 
stitious faith cure and sometimes do good, but much more often evil is the
out- 
come of their witchery. A physician is much needed. 
An epidemic of smallpox broke out on the Rincon Reserve during the spring,
but was kept in check by the usual precautionary measures. A physician was
sent among them to vaccinate all who needed vaccination. There was one death
as a result of infection of the person vaccinated. Aside from this, the health
of the Indians has been good. 
Fiestas.-The fiesta is acknowledged to be the greatest barrier to the advance-
ment of these Indians. It has been the custom for a century to celebrate
cer- 
tain religious feast days by devotional exercises, followed by games and
amuse- 
ments. These occasions gradually became less religious and more demoralizing,


Go up to Top of Page