University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

Baldwin, M. W. (ed.) / The first hundred years

XV: The Second Crusade,   pp. 463-512 PDF (20.6 MB)

Page 499

when defeated, as at the Maeander, seek refuge in Greek towns like Carian
Antioch. It was impossible to secure enough food at Laodicea for the journey
to Adalia (Antalya), but the army had to go on rather than exhaust its strength
in vain waiting. Turks and some of the inhabitants lurked threateningly around
them; worst of all, the crusaders saw gruesome evidence of the destruction
of part of Otto of Freising's army just a week or so before. Therefore Louis
drew his troops into battle array and stationed himself with his body-guard
at the rear while Geoffrey of Rancon, one of the chief Poitevin barons, and
Amadeo of Savoy took command of the van. Unfortunately for the crusaders,
not all the army had taken the warning signs seriously. Perhaps overconfident
because of their success thus far, the vanguard disregarded the royal order
to spend an entire day in crossing a mountain near Cadmus. When the passage
was not too difficult, they outdistanced the rest and climbed a second mountain,
pitching camp on the other side. This confused the center part, which stopped
and piled up while trying to discover where the vanguard had gone. In the
midst of this turmoil the watchful enemy closed in, attacking the unprotected
middle of the army before the rear guard came up. Louis heard the noise of
the struggle and arrived on the scene as quickly as possible, sending his
chaplain to the vanguard to tell them of the situation. They were prevented
from returning, however, by the onrush of men fleeing the battle. Louis and
his nobles, unaccompanied by the foot soldiers or sergeants which he would
have provided for a pitched conflict, managed to charge against the Turks
and distract their attention from the noncombatants, who fled to safety;
but in the ensuing engagement the Turks destroyed almost all of the royal
guard. Fortunately for the crusaders, Louis was not recognized and fought
his way to safety. The approach of night and fear of a surprise attack finally
halted the Turks, who collected their rich spoils and departed without pressing
their advantage further. Thus the king was able to join the baggage train
which was still crossing the mountain; and then he encountered the reinforcements
coming from the van. They decided, however, that it would be unwise to launch
a counterattack during the night. Louis alleviated the needs of those in
his army as generously as he could from his own supplies; and the next day
he led the army on, with the enemy continuing its policy of harassing the
The French still had twelve days of hard marching before they could reach
Adalia, and there were not enough provisions for 

Go up to Top of Page