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Wolff, R. L.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The later Crusades, 1189-1311
(1969)

XI: The Fifth Crusade,   pp. 376-428 PDF (20.5 MB)


Page 377

* XI 
THE FIFTH CRUSADE 
A. Preparation and the Efforts of 1217 
Although Innocent III had made the best of the results of the Fourth Crusade,
he was, of course, disappointed in his hope that the taking of Constantinople
would facilitate the conquest of the Holy Land. In the autumn of 1207, however,
his former legate to Constantinople, cardinal Benedict, reported on actual
conditions in the Latin empire, and thereafter Innocent once more concentrated
 The following are the chief primary western sources for the Fifth Crusade:
Chronique d'Ernoul et de Bernard le trésorier (ed. L. de Mas Latrie,
Paris, 1871); Chronica regia Colo niensis, in Scriptores rerum Germanicarum
in usum scholarum (ed. G. Waitz, Hanover, 1 8 80); Emo, Chronicon (ed. L.
Weiland, MGH, SS., XXIII); L'Estoire d'Eracles empereur (RHC, 0cc., II) James
of Vitry, Historia Iherosolimitana, in J. Bongars (ed.), Gesta Dei per Francos
(Han over, x6 11), I, 1047—1124; Oliver Scholasticus, Historia Damiatina
(ed. H. Hoogeweg, Die Schriften des Kölner Domscholasters, spoteren
Bischofs von Paderborn und Kardinal-Bischofs von S. Sabina Oliverus, in Bibliothek
des litterarischen Vereins in Stuttgart, CCII [Tubingen, 1894], 159—282).
Of the sources collected in R. Röhricht, Quinti belli sacri scriptores
minores (Geneva, 1879) and Testimonia minora de quinto bello sacro (Geneva,
1882), both published by the Société de l'orient latin, the
following are of chief importance: Gesta crucigerorum; Gesta obsidionis Damiate;
John of "Tulbia" (Tolve), De domino lohanne rege Ierusalem; and Liber duellii
Christiani in obsidione Damiate. The English sources of primary importance
are: 
Matthew Paris, Chronica majora (ed. H. R. Luard, 7 vols., 1872—1883,
Rolls Series, LVII); Ralph of Coggeshall, Chronicon Anglicanum (ed. J. Stevenson,
1875, Rolls Series, LXVI); and Roger of Wendover, Flores historiarum (ed.
H. G. Hewlett, vols., 1886—1889, Rolls Series, LXXXIV). 
 The letters of principal value as sources are: Innocentii III epistolae,
in FL, vols. CCXIV— CCXVI, and in RHGF, XIX; Gervasii Fraemonstratensis
Abbatis epp. ad Innocentium et 
Honorium, in RHGF, XIX, 604—605, 6r8—6zo; and James of Vitry,
Epistolae, 1216—1221 (ed. 
R. Rohricht, Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte, XIV [1892—1894],
97—118; XV [1894—1895], 
568—587; XVI [1895—1896], 72—114). For Andrew II and the
Hungarian Crusade the 
primary source is Ex Thomae historia pontificum Salonitanorum et Spalatinorum
(ed. L. von 
Heinemann, MGH, SS., XXIX, 568—598). 
 The chief Arabic sources are: Abu-Shämah, Kitab ar-raudatain (Cairo,
1870—1871; extracts tr. in RHC, Or., IV—V); Abü-l-Fidã',
Kitãb al-mukhtasar fi akhbar al-bashar (extracts tr. in RHC, Or.,
I, 1—165); "Extraits de l'histoire des patriarches d'Alexandrie relatifs
au siege de Damiette" (tr. E. Blochet in ROL, XI [1908], 240—260);
Ibn-al-Athir, A1-kdmil fi-t-ta'rikh (extracts tr. in RHC, Or., I, H, part
I); al-Maqrizi, Akhbar Misr (tr. E. Blochet, "Histoire d'Egypte," ROL, VI—XI
[1898—1908]). 
 The principal secondary works for the Fifth Crusade include, first of all,
three by R. 
Röhricht: Studien zur Geschichte desfunften Kreuzzuges (Innsbruck, 1891);
"Die Belagerung 
von Damietta (1218-1 220): Em Beitrag zur Kirchengeschichte des Mittelalters,"
Historisches 
Taschenbuch, ser. 5, V, 6 (1876), 61 ff.; and "Die Kreuzzugbewegung im Jahre
1217," 
Forsehungen zur deutschen Geschichte, XVI (1876), 139 ff. Another work of
first importance 
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