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Information bulletin
(September 1950)

Siebens, Allen C.
Europa union plebiscites,   pp. [15]-18 PDF (2.4 MB)


Page [15]


Europa Union Plebiscites
By ALLEN C. SIEBENS
Governmental Affairs Officer, Office of Political Affairs, HICOG
DO YOU FAVOR the aboli-
tion of the political and
economic frontiers in Europe
and the unification of all
European peoples in a Euro-
pean federal state?
This propositionwas submitted
in July to the residents of two
specially selected German com-
munities and the answers were
an emphatic "Yes."
On July 9, in the small Rhine
town of Breisach, in the south-
west corner of Germany near the
French border, a 95.6 percent
"'Yes" was rolled up by 87.5 per-
cent of the town's eligiblevoters.
On July 16, in the Ruhr mining
city of Castrop-Rauxel, the same
verdict by a margin of 95.7 per-
cent was rendered by 73 percent
of the electorate.
t~ror9-A B S T I M M U N G
CASTROP -MUXEL
|I 1 . I U L I 1 9 5 0
Sind Sie urn di.e BUseigung de, politischen and sWtscheftljchen
Grenzen innerha. b Europns und fiu den Zueammen-chluB atler
auropaischen V61ker zu eine- Europiischen Bundewsta.I?
o     o
janei
Ballot form in the Europa-Union plebiscite at Castrop-
Rauxel, small Rhine river town in South Baden, in the
southwest corner of Germany. Asked if they favored
abolition of Europe's political and economic frontiers
and unification of all European peoples in a single
federal state, the answer was an emphatic "Yes" from
95.7 percent of the eligibles who cast their votes.
This all happened because EUROPA UNION, a private Ger-
man organization which believes that Europe must
fcderalize, decided that the time had come to show the
rest of the world and particularly German representatives
,it Bonn and Strasbourg how the German people feel about
giving up national sovereignty in favor of intra-European
co-operation and organization.
WHY WAS BREISACH, a small community of some
2,400 persons located in a comparatively sleepy
aqricultural section of Germany, chosen for this first grass
roots test of international consciousness among Germans?
There are a variety of reasons,
but basically it is because Brei-
sach is a community that epito-
mizes the troubles which have
plagued the European peoples
for centuries. Occupying as it
does a strategic position on the
left bank of the Rhine, it has been
a chronic victim of war.
This is the way Paul Neuland,
US observer in the French-Zone
state of South Baden, describes
Breisach after a recent visit
there: "I have seen the ruins of
Frankfurt, Nuremberg, Munich,
Vienna, Stuttgart, Bremen, Hano-
ver and other cities throughout
Germany, but never have I seen
the totality of destruction which
bore mute witness to the inten-
sity of the attacks through which
this poor, long-suffering town
has been reduced to a rubbish heap of dust, ashes, rubble
and desolation. Looking around at this horrible picture of
the futility of war, I knew but only too well that I had no
further to search for the answer to my query as to what
lay behind Breisach's practically unanimous vote for a
federal state of Europe."
And further, quoting Mayor Bueb of Breisach, "The
history of Breisach is filled with invasions and military
occupations... (It) has been part of France and part of
Austria at different times ... (and) has been occupied,
conquered or passed through by invading battalions about
50 times. Ten times it has been destroyed... (In World
Communist propaganda efforts to induce Castrop-Rauxel and Breisach to vote
against the European Union plan proved
unavailing, the results showed. At left, Breisach's Mayor Bueb looks at poster
put up on balloting-place wall by Commu-
rist "shock troops." Right, pro-European Union posters urged Rhinelanders,
on eve of plebiscite, to remember "Europe is
watching Breisach" and "Europe wants peace. '                 
          (Photos by Internationale Presse-Photo-Agentur)
I


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