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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
(1959)

Letter from Premier Bulganin to President Eisenhower, on European security, the Rapacki Plan, and disarmament, December 10, 1957,   pp. 220-226 PDF (3.2 MB)


Page 220

DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 19 4 4-5 9
150. It would be difficult to refrain from the bitter comment: that
this session has rejected the proposal of India, one of the co-authors
of the historic principles of peaceful coexistence, that the United Na-
tions should recognize the legitimate rights of the People's Republic
of China, the other co-author of those principles.
151. I have presented Poland's views on the problems of inter-
national policy which are most important to it. The Polish people
are watching the deliberations of the current session of the General
Assembly very closely. I believe that all peoples will judge the re-
sults of our work by the same standard: whether or not this session
will represent at least a small but definite step towards strengthening
and stabilizing peace. It is the desire and hope of my delegation
that its efforts towards achieving that end may anticipate those of
other delegations.
Letter from Premier Bulganin to President Eisenhower, on Euro-
pean Security, the Rapacki Plan, and Disarmament, December
10, 19571
I am addressing this letter to you in order to share with you certain
thoughts regarding the international situation which is developing at
the present time. The Soviet Government has recently examined the
international situation in all its aspects. In doing so, we could not
of course fail to give serious attention to the fact that at the initiative
of the United States of America and Great Britain measures are now
being developed the purpose of which is a sharp intensification of the
military preparations of the NATO members, and that specific plans
are being considered in connection with the forthcoming session of
the NATO Council.
It is already evident that these measures in their essence amount
to the mobilization of all the resources of the member states of
NATO for the purpose of intensifying the production of armaments
and for preparations in general for war. The NATO leaders openly
state that at the forthcoming session military and strategic plans
providing for extensive use of atomic and hydrogen weapons will be
considered.
It is also very obvious that all such activity is taking place in an
atmosphere of artificially created nervousness and fear with respect
to the imaginary "threat" from the U.S.S.R., and, in the effort
to
create such an atmosphere, particularly wide use is being made of
references to the latest scientific and technical achievements of the
Soviet Union.
In our view there is serious danger that, as a result of such actions,
international developments may take a direction other than that
required in the interest of the strengthening of peace.
On the other hand, in all states of the world there is a growing and
spreading movement for a termination of the armaments race, and
for averting the threat of an outbreak of a new war. Peoples are de-
manding that a policy be followed whereby states may live in
peace, respecting mutual rights and interests and deriving advantage
I Department of State Bulletin, January 27, 1958, pp. 127-130. The President
replied
on January 12, 1958- (infra).
220


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