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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956

Statement at Geneva by Secretary of State Dulles, on Germany and European security, October 29, 1955,   pp. 170-171 PDF (910.1 KB)

Page 170

Statement at Geneva by Secretary of State Dulles, on Germany
and European Security, October 29, 19551
Mr. Chairman, I feel that we have made considerable progress dur-
ing the two days of conference which we have so far had-two days of
discussion of our proposals-and that the last statement made by
Mr. Molotov poses the question, a very proper one at this stage, as to
how do-we really make progress from now on.
We are not here to engage in polemics, and to show how smart we
are, either as lawyers or as diplomats. We are here on a very serious
task. And, in that spirit, I would like to say this: I think that the
three Western Powers in their proposals have gone very far in pre-
senting the position which their governments hold, on both the subject
of the reunification of Germany and on the subject of security, and,
while I do not suggest that those proposals are by any means complete,
they do, I think, constitute a very full exposition of the point of view
of our three governments.
I think that most of the questions which Mr. Molotov has put,
either yesterday or today, have been answered as adequately as is
appropriate to answer them at the present stage of our debate. When
we get down to discussing the detailed elaboration of a security treaty,
a treaty of assurance, along the lines we have proposed, then it will
naturally be appropriate to have further more detailed exchanges of
views as to just how certain articles should be drafted.
It seems to me that the important thing at this stage is to know the
position of the Soviet Union with reference to the reunification of
Germany. It is quite true that our proposals start from the premise
that Germany will be reunified and the assurances which we have
suggested are assurances which depend basically, not upon Germany's
entry into N.A.T.O. but they do depend basically upon the reunifica-
tion of Germany.
We do not yet know the position of the Soviet Union on the ques-
tion of the reunification of Germany and while we know that the
head of the Soviet Government agreed in the directive that Germany
should be reunified through free elections, we do not know just what
proposals the Soviet Union will now make to give effect to that provi-
sion of the directive.
Mr. Molotov says that he has a proposal to make in that respect
and it seems to me that from the standpoint of making progress it
would be- very useful if Mr. Molotov could let us see what that
proposal is.
There is, I know, a difference of opinion between us as to the
relative order of importance of European security and the reunifica-
tion of Germany but there can be no difference between us on the prop-
osition that there is a close link between the two, because that has
already been decided for us by our superiors.
There are, one might say, two sides of a single coin, one side of which
is European security and the other side of which is German reunifi-
cation. We have tried to present our view as to the pattern of both
sides of the coin, the pattern of European security, the pattern of
German reunification. As far as the Soviet Union is concerned only
one side of the coin is as yet visible; that is, the one that has the pat-
4 Ibid.,' pp. 73-74.

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