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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
(1959)

Western outline of terms of treaty of assurance on the reunification of Germany, October 27, 1955,   pp. 162-164 PDF (1.2 MB)


Page 162

1ti2          DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 1944-59
and the United States of America are not prepared to enter into a
system of European security which, as in the Soviet proposals put
forward at Geneva, does not end the division of Germany.
At the Geneva Conference the Soviet Government expressed concern
about the policy and associations of a reunified German Government.
The Soviet Union appears to fear that a unified Germany, established
by free elections and free to choose its associates in collective defence,
would constitute a threat to the security of the Soviet Union and
Eastern Europe. The fact is that the North Atlantic Treaty Organ-
isation and the Western European Union are strictly defensive organ-
isations. Far from constituting a threat to peace, they contribute to
the security not only of their members but of all states. This is evident
from the various limitations and restrictions which the members of
the Western European Union have assumed and from the restraint
on individual action which the NATO system imposes on its members.
If a reunified Germany elects to associate itself with these organisa-
tions, the inherent obligations of restraint and control would enhance
rather than detract from Soviet security.
Nevertheless, to remove any possible grounds for Soviet refusal to
reunify Germany promptly, France, the United Kingdom and the
United States of America are prepared to take further steps to meet
the concern expressed by the Soviet Government. They accordingly
propose the conclusion of a treaty in the terms set forth below, con-
currently with the conclusion of an agreement to reunify Germany
under the Eden Plan. This treaty would comprise undertakings to
refrain from the use of force and to withhold aid from an aggressor,
provisions for the limitation and control of forces and armaments, and
the obligation to react against aggression. The treaty would enter
into force only in conjunction with the reunification of Germany. It
would be carried out by stages. Its signature would be concurrent
with the signature of the agreement on the Eden Plan. The final
stage would become effective when a reunified Germany decides to
enter NATO and the Western European Union.
France, the United Kingdom and the United States of America are
convinced that these proposals could lead to an agreement satisfactory
to both sides. If the Soviet Union's concern over immediate German
reunification is primarily security, these proposals should constitute
an acceptable basis for negotiations since they provide a system of con-
trols in which the Soviet Union would directly participate, and re-
ciprocal assurances from which the Soviet Union would directly bene-
fit. Such a settlement, by creating confidence in an area vital for
world security, would facilitate the solution of even wider problems.
Western Outline of Terms of Treaty of Assurance on the
Reunification of Germany, October 27, 1955 1
The treaty, which would be concluded concurrently with an agree-
ment on the reunification of Germany under the Eden Plan, would
cover the following subjects:
I Ibid., pp. 29-30.


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