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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
(1959)

British (Eden) plan for German reunification in freedom, January 29, 1954,   pp. 115-117 PDF (1.1 MB)


Page 115

DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 1944-5 9
British (Eden) Plan for German Reunification in Freedom,
January 29, 19541
METHOD OF REUNIFICATION
German reunification and the conclusion of a freely negotiated peace
treaty with a united Germany should be achieved in the following
stages:
I.   Free elections throughout Germany.
II. The convocation of a National Assembly resulting from those
elections.
III. The drafting of a Constitution and the preparation of peace
treaty negotiations.
IV. The adoption of the Constitution and the formation of an
all-German government responsible for the negotiation of
the peace treaty.
V.   The signature and entry into force of the peace treaty.
I. FREE ELEcTIONS THROUGHOUT GERMANY
Free and secret elections should be held throughout Germany in-
cluding Berlin at the earliest possible date. These elections must be
held in- conditions of genuine freedom. Safeguards must be agreed to
assure this freedom before, after, and during the elections. The elec-
tions must also be supervised in such a manner as to make sure that
these safeguards are observed and that the elections are properly
conducted.
(1) PREPARATION FOR THE ELECTIONS
(a) The Electoral Law
The electoral law should be prepared by the Four Occupying
Powers, taking into consideration the electoral laws already
drafted for this purpose by the Federal Bundestag2 and the
Soviet Zone Volkskammer.3 When approved, it should be
promulgated throughout Germany by the Four Powers. Elec-
tions should take place as soon as possible thereafter.
(b) Guarantees for free elections
The draft electoral law must contain provisions which will
guarantee the genuine freedom of- the elections. These include,
amongst others:
Freedom of movement throughout Germany.
Freom of presentation of candidates.
Immunity of candidates.
Freedom from arbitrary arrest or victimisation.
Freedom of association and political meetings.
Freedom of expression for all.
Freedom of the press, radio, and television and free circulation of
newspapers, periodicals, etc.
Secrecy of the vote.
Security of polling stations and ballot boxes.
1 Foreign Ministers Meeting: Berlin Discussions, January 25-February 18,
1954 (Depart-
ment of State publication 5399), pp. 223-225 The Eden Plan was also submitted
to the
Geneva Foreign Ministers Meeting by the Western powers on October 27, 1955,
(infra).
a Draft law of February 6, 1,952 ; supra.
8 Draft law of January 9, 195,2.; supra.
115


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