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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1864

Southern superintendency,   pp. 303-347 PDF (18.3 MB)

Page 303

SOUTHERN SUPERINTENDENCY,                      303 
steamboats will probably be fired into, and that persons should be prepared
for emergencies who attempt it. He further reports that all the whites killed
by the Indians during the last two years between Forts Union and Benton has
been the work of the Teton Sioux. From the foregoing, it must be evident
your mind that prompt and decided measures should be immediately adopted.
I would, therefore, suggest the following: that General Sully be immediately
ordered to Fort Union with his available force, leaving enough troops on
route for communication below, making that point his headquarters. If his
force is insufficient, that he be reinforced and directed to follow the Indians
closely, giving them no time to kill game for subsistence. 
The sight of troops in this section of the country will be of incalculable
benefit to the government, while it will strike terror into the hearts of
the Indians. 
I am confident, if these suggestions are followed, the Indian war will be
before the close of the present year. 
I am, very respectfully, yours, 
United States Indian Agent. 
Hon. W. P. DOLE, 
Commistioner of Indian Afairs, Washington, D. 0. 
P. S.-I send this letter by Frenier to Bannock; on his return, as soon as
river breaks up; shall send him to General Sully's camp. I shall accompany
him to Fort Union. 
No. 142. 
Leavenworth, September 24, 1864. 
SIR: I have the honor to submit, for your consideration, my fourth annual
report, which, together with the accompanying reports of the agents, teachers,
and physicians, will fully acquaint you with the condition of Indian affairs
this superintendency. 
In obedience to resolutions of Congress, and of the Committees of Indian
Affairs of the Senate and House, and repeated recommendations of the military
authorities, as well as the Interior Department-but, I confess, with strong
fears of the policy of the movement on my part-I proceeded to remove to their
homes in the Indian Territory all those southern refugee Indians, consisting
of Creeks, Cherokees, Euchees, Chickasaws, and Choctaws, which have lately
been located within the limits of the Sac and Fox reservations, and of all
of the Seminoles near Neosho falls, Kansas, who were in condition to be 
moved; most of the families of the latter tribe havitg the small-pox prevailing
among them to such an alarming extent at the time, that I considered their
removal impracticable and dangerous to the lives of the former tribes. 
The removal of so large a body of Indians, numbering about 5,000 souls, 
mostly women and children, was attended with a vast amount of perplexity,
difficulty, and embarrassment. Nearly three hundred teams were required for
the movement, and these had to be secured and gathered up through the country
wherever we could get them. But I am happy to state that, notwithstading
the long delays which were suffered in gathering up teams and collecting
loading the Indian families, and awaiting the arrival of the military escort
was to accompany our trains, besides a hot and rainy season upon us on the

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