University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1864

Utah superintendency,   pp. 168-180 PDF (5.2 MB)

Page 168

To secure supplies of game, fruits, and roots, the Colorado Indians are obliged
to range further from the river, and hence are frequently seen on all our
and trails between the capital and the river. Travellers and trains meet
with suspicion and fear. The exasperation of the whites against the Apaches
of the east, who have stripped the country of stock and murdered many of
whitesextends to nearly all the Indians of the Territory, and is kept up
by the 
continued depredations of the cruel Apaches, and tales and fictions that
are rife 
in regard to the Indians everywhere. 
Difficulties are liable to arise from another cause. Bands of warriors are
constantly coming in among those that are peaceably disposed, and their pres
ence and influence are unfavorable upon the Indians, and excite the suspicion
of the whites. It is difficult to determine precisely where these war parties
If the country continues to settle up as it now promises, but one course,
it seems to me, is left to be pursued, and that is to place them all on reservations.
While I am disposed to do all I can to forward the development of our Terri-
tory, I am equally desirous of preserving the friendship of the Indians,
securing justice and kindness on the part of the whites towards them. 
Any instructions or suggestions that you can give to the furtherance of these
aims will be thankfully received by your obedient servant, 
Hon. W. P. DOLE, 
Indian Commissioner, Washington, D. C. 
No. 60. 
Great Salt Lake City, Utah Territory; September 26, 1864. 
SIR: In compliance with the regulations of the Indian department, I have
the honor to make the following report of the condition of Indian affairs
this superintendency, so far as I am able to obtain information in the short
I have been here, less than one month. 
I took possession of what property there was on the first of September, and
relieved Governor Doty from the further performance of duty as acting super-
intendent of Indian affairs. There was neither office nor office furniture,
and I 
found it necessary to proceed at once to supply the deficiency in these respects.
There were delegations in the city and vicinity, representing the various
of the superintendency, awaiting impatiently my arrival, to whom I had to
immediate attention, in order to assure them of the care the government had
over their interests. I gave them presents of provisions and clothing, &c.,
far as the limited means at my disposal would allow, receiving from them
in re- 
turn the assurance that they would remain peaceable and true to the govern-
ment and be the friends of the whites. I told them that the Great Father
rather send presents to Indians than to send soldiers; that the more Indians
help themselves the more presents he would give them; that soldiers were
sent among bad Indians; that when the goods came I would ask for the Indians
who had cultivated the ground and raised crops, and that I would clothe them
like white men; and then I would ask for the best hunters, and make them
presents, before I gave anything to the lazy and idle Indians who stayed
the settlements; that I would give the most help to those who helped themselves.
Complaints were made by settlers of their horses being stolen, and, I found,
with truth. I brought the matter to the attention of the Indians, and they

Go up to Top of Page