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Wolff, R. L.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The later Crusades, 1189-1311
(1969)

Gazetteer and Note on Maps,   pp. 763-811 PDF (14.6 MB)


Page 763

GAZETTEER 
AND NOTE ON MAPS 
 This gazetteer has been prepared to fill a variety of functions. Every place
name found in the text or on the maps is here alphabetized and identified,
variant spellings and equivalent names in other languages are supplied, and
the map location is indicated by key letters. Thus it not only serves as
an index to the maps, and a supplement to them, but is in itself a source
for reference on matters of historical geography and changing nomenclature.
Names originating in Arabic, Turkish, Persian, or Armenian have been carefully
transliterated according to the systems described in the prefatory note on
transliteration and nomenclature. 
 In the gazetteer, alphabetization is by the first capital letter of the
form used in maps and text, disregarding such lower-case prefixes as al-
and such geographical words as Cape, Gulf, Lake, Mount, and the like. The
designation classical may mean Greek, Latin, biblical, or other ancient usage,
and the designa tion medieval generally means that the name in question was
in common use among speakers of various languages during the crusades, or
appears in contemporary sources. 
 The maps themselves fall into two groups: ten locational and thirteen historical.
On the locational maps may be found nearly every place name occurring in
the text, except a few whose exact locations are unknown, a few outside the
regions mapped, several in areas overcrowded with names, some of minimal
importance or common knowledge, and many which occur only in names of crusaders
or other persons. The six locational maps appearing in volume I have been
revised, and maps of the Straits and Aegean, Frankish Greece, Languedoc,
and Cyprus have been added. 
 The historical series comprises maps showing the changing fortunes of the
crusaders and their Christian rivals and Moslem enemies between 1189 and
1311. All place names on this 
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