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Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries

Gazetteer and Note on Maps,   pp. 677-735 PDF (17.3 MB)

Page 677

 This gazetteer has been prepared to fill a variety of functions. Every relevant
place name found in the text or on the maps is here alphabetized and identified,
variant spellings and equivalent names in other languages are supplied, and
the map location is indicated. Thus it not only serves as an index to the
maps, and a supplement to them, but is itself a source for reference on matters
of historical geography and changing nomenclature. Names originating in Arabic,
Turkish, Persian, or Armenian have been carefully transliterated according
to the systems described in the prefatory note on transliteration and nomenclature.
 In the gazetteer, alphabetization is by the first capital letter of the
form used in maps and text, disregarding such lower-case prefixes as al-
and such geographical words as Cape, Gulf, Lake, Mount, and the like. The
designation "classical" may mean Greek, Latin, biblical, or other ancient
usage, and the designation "medieval" generally means that the name in question
was in common use among speakers of various languages during the crusades,
or appears in contemporary sources. 
 The maps themselves fall into three groups: ten locational, five historical,
and six combined. On the locational and combined maps may be found nearly
every place name occurring in the text, except a few whose exact locations
are unknown, a few outside the regions mapped, several in areas overcrowded
with names, some of minimal importance or common knowledge, and many which
occur only in the names of crusaders or other persons. The maps of Western
Europe, Central Europe, and the Near East are revised versions of similar
maps appearing in volumes I and II, while those of the Straits and Aegean,
Frankish Greece, and Cyprus have been revised from volume II. Locational
maps of Rhodes, the Baltic area, Bohemia and its neighbors, and the Eastern
Mediterranean have been added. The five new maps of Spain and Portugal combine
the locational and historical functions, as does the plan of the city of
Rhodes. The historical series shows the changing fortunes of the crusaders

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