University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

Zacour, N. P.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The impact of the Crusades on Europe
(1989)

IX: The Ottoman Turks and the Crusades, 1451-1522,   pp. 311-353 PDF (17.2 MB)


Page 311

 311Ix 
THE OTTOMAN TURKS 
AND THE CRUSADES, 
145 1—1522 
A. Mehmed the Conqueror's Empire, 
1451—1481 
 t the accession of Mehmed II to the throne in 1451 all the enemies of the
Ottomans were confident, remembering the desperate condition of the Turkish
state during his first sultanate (1444— 1446).! Ottoman client states
in the Balkans and Anatolia, as well as Byzantium, 
 Besides the works cited in the bibliographical note to chapter VII, above,
the following are useful for the period 1451-1522: Robert Schwoebel, The
Shadow of the Crescent: the Renaissance Image of the Thrk (1453—151
7) (New York, 1967); Alessio Bombaci, "Nuovi firmani greci di Maometto II,"
Byzantinische Zeitschrift, XLVII (1954), 298—319; Konstantin Mihailovié,
Memoirs of a Janissary, tr. Benjamin Stolz and Svat Soucek (Ann Arbor, Mich.,
1975)— he was captured in 1455 and returned to Christendom in 1463;
T. Spandouyn Cantacasin, Petit traicte de l'origine des flircqz, ed. Charles
Schefer (Paris, 1896), important for the organization of the Ottoman state
under Bayazid II; Carl Göllner, T[lircica: die europäischen Türkendrucke
des XVL Jahrhundert, vol. I, 1501—1550 (Bucharest and Berlin, 1961);
Michael Critobulus (Kritovoulos), History of Mehmed the Conqueror, tr. Charles
T. Riggs (Princeton, 1954); Johannes Hofer, Johannes von Capestrano: em Leben
im Kampf die Reform der Kirche (Innsbruck et alibi, 1936); Georg Voigt, "Johannes
von Capistrano, em Heiliger des fünfzehnten Jahrhundert," Historische
Zeitschrift, X (1863), 19—96; Franz Babinger, Der Quellenwert der Berichte
über den Entsatz von Belgrad, am 21/22 Juli 1456 (Munich, 1957); Wilhelm
Franknoi, Mathias Corvinus, Konig von Ungarn, 1458—1490 (Freiburg im
Breisgau, 1891); Heinrich Ulmann, Kaiser Maximilian I., vol. I (Stuttgart,
1884); Babinger, "Kaiser Maximilians I. ' geheime Praktiken' mit den Osmanen
(1510/11)," Südost-Forschungen, XV (1956), 202—236; Constantin
Marinescu, "Le Pape Calixtus III (1455—1458), Alfonse d~Aragon roi
de Naples, et l'offensive contre les Turcs," Bulletin historique de l~4cadémie
roumaine, XIX (1935), 77—97; and Göllner, "Zur Problematik der
KreuzzUge und der Tflrkenkriege im 16. Jahrhundert," Revue des etudes sud-est
européennes, XIII (1975), 97—115. 
 On Mehmed the Conqueror see Critobulus and Bombaci (above), and Tursun Beg
(a high official, close to the sultan), The History of Mehmed the Conqueror,
publ. with tr. by Halil Inalcik and Rhoads Murphey (Minneapolis and Chicago,
1978), the most detailed and authoritative 
 1. For the first sultanate of Mehmed II, 1444—1446, and for the period
1451—1453 see Inalcik, Fâtih devri, pp. 55—136. 


Go up to Top of Page