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Baldwin, M. W. (ed.) / The first hundred years
(1969)

XVII: The Latin States Under Baldwin III and Amalric I, 1143-1174,   pp. 528-561 PDF (13.3 MB)


Page 528

 ~z8XVII 
THE LATIN STATES UNDER 
BALDWIN III AND AMALRIC 
1143—1174 
The period of forty years or so which followed the death of king Fulk began
and ended in defeat. In i i~ Edessa (Urfa) fell. Jerusalem was taken by Saladin
in 1187. Yet for the three states, Antioch, Tripoli, and Jerusalem, the intervening
years were prosperous and brought to fruition their development as western
European "colonies". Western usages, political, religious, economic, and
military, modified to suit eastern conditions, were successfully implanted
in Palestine and Syria, and the European conquerors reached a moclus vivencli
with the native population, both Moslem and Christian. 
 Since this chapter is concerned with the political history of the kingdom
of Jerusalem and the other Latin states, the following select bibliography
does not include works on strictly economic, religious, or institutional
developments. 
 The standard Latin source for the period from 1143 to 1174 is William of
Tyre, Historia rerum in partibu.s transmarinis gestarum (on which cf. the
bibliographical notes to earlier chapters): the Latin text with an Old French
version is given in RHC, 0cc., I. A. C. Krey has discussed William's life
and work thoroughly in his introduction to the English translation and in
"The Making of an Historian in the Middle Ages," Speculum, XVI (i~.i), 14.9—166.
In 1167 William was commissioned by king Amairic to record his Egyptian campaigns
and in 1170 a more ambitious history of the kings of Jerusalem was undertaken.
He was also tutor to the king's son, the future Baldwin IV, and was as a
rule well informed regarding important developments. The period covered in
this chapter was probably written after ii8o. 
 The principal Moslem sources are Ibn-al-Athir, Al-kJmil fi-t-tcfrikb (extracts
in RHC, 
Or., I, 187—.744) and Ta'rikh ad-daulab al-atabakiyah inulük al-Mau~il
(RHC, Or., II, part a); 
Ibn-al-Qalanisi, Dbail ta'rikh Dimashq (extracts translated by H. A. R. Gibb,
The Damascus 
Chronicle of the Crusades, London, 1932); abu-Shamah, Kitãb ar-rautlatain
(RHC, Or., IV—V); 
Kamal-ad-Din, Zubdat al-~'~alab /1 t&rikh Halab (tr. E. Blochet, "Histoire
d'Alep," ROL, 
11—VI, 1894—1898): Usamah Ibn-Munqidh, Kitãb al_idtibãr,
tr. P. K. Hitti, An Arab-Syrian 
Gentleman in the Period 01 the Crusades (Columbia University, Records of
Civilization, New 
York, 1929); al-Maqrizi, Akhbãr Misr (tr. E. Blochet, "Histoire d'Egypte,"
ROL, VI—IX, 
1898—1902). 
 The Byzantine historians John Cinnamus and Nicetas Choniates can be found
in RHC, 
Grecs, I, as well as in Migne, and the Corpus Scriptorum Historiae Byzantinae.
Gregory the 
Presbyter continued the Armenian chronicle of Matthew of Edessa to 1163 (RHC,
Arm., I). 
Michael the Syrian's chronicle is edited and translated by J. B. Chabot (~.
vols., Paris, 
1899—1900) and (in part) in RHC, Arm., I. 


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