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Baldwin, M. W. (ed.) / The first hundred years

XV: The Second Crusade,   pp. 463-512 PDF (20.6 MB)

Page 463

In histories of the crusading movement the Second Crusade generally figures
briefly as a fiasco, modeled slavishly on the First Crusade, but without
its mystic power, and lacking the vigorous secular quality of the Third and
Fourth Crusades. This estimate is partly deserved; but existing records show
that the Second Crusade had a complicated character of its own and formed
a turning point in the development of the crusades. Without doubt its leaders
followed the example of Urban and Godfrey of Bouillon in that they tried
to adapt and regularize the phenomena of the 
 The chief contemporary Latin source for the Second Crusade is Odo of Deuil,
De profectione Ludovici Vii in orientem. There are several editions including:
Migne, FL, CLXXXV; that of H. Waquet (Paris, 1949); and the Latin text with
English translation and notes by V. G. Berry (Columbia University, Records
of Civilization, New York, 1948). References to the Berry edition are given
in the notes to this chapter. There is also important material in William
of Tyre, Historia reruni in partibus transmarinis gestarum (RHC, 0cc., I,
and tr. E. A. Babcock and A. C. Krey, A History of Deeds Done Beyond the
Sea, 2 vols., Records of Civilization, New York, 1943); Otto of Freising,
Chronicon (MGH, SS.., XX, and the English translation by C. C. Mierow, The
Two Cities: A Chronicle of Universal History to the Tear 1146, by Otto, Bishop
of Freising, Records of Civilization, New York, 1928); the same author's
Gesta Friderici I imperatoris (ed. G. Waitz, 3rd ed., Hanover, 1912, also
tr. C. C. Mierow, Records of Civilization, New York, 1953); John of Salisbury,
Historia pontifIcalis (ed. R. L. Poole, Oxford, 1927); De expugnatione Lyxbonensi
(ed. and tr. C. W. David, Records of Civilization, New York, 1936); Helmold,
Cronica Slavorum (ed. B. Schmeidler, znd ed., Berlin, 1909, and tr. F. J.
Tschan, The Chronicle of the Slays by Helmold, Priest of Bosau Records of
Civilization, New York, 1935); Caffaro, Annales lanuenses and Historia captionis
Almarie et Turtuose (ed. L. T. Beigrano, Fonti per la Storia d'Italia, XI,
Rome and Genoa, 1890); Liber iurium reipublicae Genuensis, I (Historiae patriae
inonumenta, Turin, 1854); Prefatio de Almeria (ed. L. T. Beigrano, Atti della
Societâ Ligure di Storia Patria, XIX, Genoa, 1887); Cronica Adephonsi
imperatoris (ed. H. Florez, in Espana sagrada, XXI, Madrid, 1766); Gerhoh
of Re.chersberg, De investigatione Antichristi (ed. F. Scheibelberger, Linz,
1875); Annales Palidenses, Annales Magdeburgenses, and Annales Herbipolenses
(all in MGH, SS., XVI); Chronicon Mauriniacense (RHGF, XII); Sancti Bernardi
opera omnia (MPL, CLXXXII—CLXXXV); and tr., in part, by S. J. Eales,
The Life and Works of St. Bernard (~ vols., London, 1889—1896) and
by B. Scott James, The Letters of St. Bernard of Clairvaux (London, 1953);
Wibaldi epistolae (ed., P. Jaffe, Monumenta Corbeiensia, Berlin, 1864); Epistolae
Eugenii iii papae (MPL, CLXXX); Epistolae Conradi, Ludovici, Sugerii (all
in RHGF, XV); Suger, De glorioso rege Ludovico Ludovici fihio, in Vie de
Louis le Gros (ed. Molinier, Paris, 1877). 
 Greek sources include: John Cinnamus, Epitome rerum ab Joanne et Alexio
Comnenis gestarum (CSHB); Nicetas Choniates., Historia (ibid.); Epistolae
Manuelis (RHGF, XV); and Franz Dolger, Regesten d. Kaiserurkunden d. oströmischen
Reiches, pt. 2: Regesten von 1025—1204, Munich and Berlin, 1925. See
also W. Ohnsorge, "Em Beitrag zur Geschichte Manuels I von Byzanz," .Festschrift
für Albert Brackmann (ed. L. Santifaller, Weimar, 193 i), PP. 37'—393;
C. Neumann, Griecbische Geschichtscbreiber und Gescbichtsquellen im 12. Jabrbundert
(Leipzig, i888). 

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