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Zacour, N. P.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The impact of the Crusades on the Near East
(1985)

IX: Venice and the Crusades,   pp. 379-451 PDF (28.7 MB)


Page 379

 Ix 379 
VENICE AND THE CRUSADES 
 he growth of Venice depended upon the profits to be gained from sailing
the seas. Aware of its dependence upon Byzantium, Venice at first extended
its seaborne trade under the protective mantle of the Greek navy. Beginning
in the eleventh century, however, Venetian maritime strength became great
enough to assist, to challenge, and finally to supplant the Greeks in the
waters of the eastern Mediterranean. Venice gradually gained marketing privileges
from local rulers, next received small enclaves in these cities, then took
possession of entire towns, and finally conquered the hinterland of several
of these ports. Venetian trade and colonies were concentrated in Romania,
those lands bordering the Aegean Sea and the approaches to Constantinople
which were under Byzantine political control before 1204. To trade successfully
in Romania, Venice had to protect its shipping on outbound and homeward voyages
on the Adriatic and lonian seas. 
 Since the emphasis in this chapter is on venice, this bibliography will
be limited to significant works relating to venetian affairs. The early narrative
sources include John the Deacon, Chronicon venetum et gradense (MGH, SS.,
VII, 1-47); Geoffroi de Villehardouin, La Conquête de Constantinople,
ed. and tr. Edmond Faral, 2nd ed. (Les Classiques de l'histoire de France
au moyenâge; 2 vols., Paris, 1961); Chronicon venetum quod vulgo dicunt
Altinate (MGH, SS., xlv, 1—97); Andrea Dandolo, Chronica, ed. Ester
Pastorello (RISS, XII-1, new ed., Bologna, 1938— 1958); and Martin
da Canal, Les Estofres de Venise, ed. and tr. Alberto Limentani (Fondazione
Ci, Civiltà veneziana, fonti e testi, XII; Florence, 1972). This excellent
new edition supplants the older La Cronique des Venéciens de Maistre
Martin da Canal, ed. Filippo L. Polidori, Archivio storico italiano, VIII
(1845), 229—798. The greatest collection of documents is the old and
accurate Urkunden zur älteren Handels- und Staatsgeschichte der Republik
Venedig mit besonderer Beziehung auf Byzanz und die Levante, ed. Gottlieb
L. E Tafel and Georg M. Thomas (Fontes rerum austriacarum, Diplomataria et
acta, XII—XIV; 3 vols., vienna, 1856— 1857; repr. Amsterdam,
1964). 
 venetian law codes from this period include Gli Statuti veneziani di Jacopo
Tiepolo del 1242 e le loro glosse, ed. Roberto Cessi (Memorie del R. Istituto
di scienze, lettere ed arti, XXX-2; venice, 1938); and Gli Statuti marittimi
venezianifino al 1255, ed. Riccardo Predelli and Adolfo Sacerdoti (venice,
1903). 
 For commercial documents see Documenti del commercio veneziano nei secoli
XI-XIII, ed. 
Raimondo Morozzo della Rocca and Antonino Lombardo (Documenti e studi per
la storia 
del commercio e del diritto commerciale italiano, XIX, XX; 2 vols., Rome
and Turin, 1940); 
Nuovi documenti del commercio veneto dei sec. XI-XIII, ed. Lombardo and Morozzo
della 
Rocca (Monumenti storici: Deputazione di storia patria per le venezie, n.s.,
~II~ venice, 1953). 


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