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Zacour, N. P.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The impact of the Crusades on the Near East

V: The Political and Ecclesiastical Organization of the Crusader States,   pp. 193-250 PDF (27.6 MB)

Page 193

 istorians of the First Crusade have been unable to decide with certainty
if, at the time the expedition set out, its promoters foresaw the establishment
in the Holy Land of a colony of "Franks" charged with the duty of occupying
the conquered territories and defending the holy places. We do know, however,
that some crusaders at the time of their departure contemplated the possibility
of settling in the east.' This might have referred, however, to becoming
vassals of 
 The institutions of the Latin states in the east, especially the kingdom
of Jerusalem, have given rise to a large literature because of the interest
taken in the writings of the great jurists (conveniently edited by Auguste
Beugnot, RHC, Lois, 2 vols.). There are some chapters devoted to institutions
in works on particular crusader states: Claude Cahen, La Syrie du nord a
l'époque des croisades et la principautefranque d~4ntioche (IFD, BO,
I; Paris, 1940); Jean Richard, Le Comté de Tripoli sous Ia dynastie
toulousaine, 1102-1187 (Paris, 1945), supplemented by "Le Comté de
Tripoli dans les chartes du fonds des Porcellet," Bibliothèque de
l'Ecole des chartes, CXXX (1972), 339—382; idem, LeRoyaumelatin de
Jerusalem (Paris, 1953); Hans E. Mayer, The Crusades (Oxford, 1972); Joshua
Prawer, Histoire du royaume latin de Jerusalem, 2nd ed. (2 vols., Paris,
1975); idem, The Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem: European Colonialism in the
Middle Ages (London, 1972); and idem, Crusader Institutions (Oxford, 1980),
a collection of his articles. 
 Works more directly devoted to the history of institutions in the crusader
states are Gaston Dodu, Histoire des institutions monarchiques dans le royaume
latin de Jerusalem (Paris, 1894); John L. LaMonte, Feudal Monarchy in the
Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, 1100 to 1291 (Cambridge, Mass., 1932); Cahen,
"La Féodalité et les institutions politiques de l'Orient latin,"
Onente ed Occidente nel medio evo (Accademia Nazionale dci Lincei, Fondazione
Alessandro volta, Atti dei convegni XII; Rome, 1957), pp. 167—191;
Prawer, "Estates, Communities and the Constitution of the Latin Kingdom,"
Proceedings of the Israel Academy of the Sciences and Humanities II, no.
6 (Jerusalem, 1966); and Jonathan Riley-Smith, The Feudal Nobility and the
Kingdom of Jerusalem, 1174 —1277 (London, 1973). Other studies, many
of them important, as well as works on ecclesiastical institutions, will
be cited in the notes which follow. 
 For the many political events which are frequently alluded to below, the
reader is referred to the relevant chapters in the first two volumes of the
present work. 
 1. Such a plan has been attributed to Godfrey of Bouillon and Raymond of
St. Gilles; see John H. and Laurita L. Hill, Raymond IV de Saint-Gilles,
comte de Toulouse (Toulouse, 1959), p. 26. Achard, lord of Montmerle, who
was killed in 1099 (William of Tyre, viii, 9; 

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