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Stanhope, Aubrey (ed.) / The continental times. Supplement: The living Austria-Hungary
Nr. 1225. Vol. XXII. Nr. 83 (January 12, 1916)

Orchelle, R.L.; Andrassy, Count Julius
The continental times. Supplement to the continental times: The living Austria-Hungary,   pp. [5]-[6]


Page [5]

$upflemrnt
II'
Tutinental
~imeii
THE
LIVING
AUSTRIA-HUNGARY
THE LIFE, THOUGHT AND GOAL
OF THE DUAL MONARCHY
AS REFLECTED IN THE
UTTERANCES
OF ONE
OF ITS MOST EMINENT STATESMEN.
THE PROBLEM OF THE SMALLER NATIONALITIES PRACTICALLY SOLVED.
LIGHT-HEARTED VIENNA CONVFR
It is one of the deplorable results of this war that self-evident facts,--facts of which every educel
person in every country that makes any claim to civilization, should be aware,-must be reiterated aqain
again.  There is not only the vast bulk of deliberate calumny, falsehood and misrepresentation  spread  by   to
Ent' nte Press, to combat, but also that lamentable negative iqnorance upon the part of millions of people who
would resent any reflection upon the extent or accuracy of their general knowledge.   The Central Powers have
learned this bitter lesson during the war: - that no matter how righteous a cause may be, the sympathy of the
outer neutral world may be poisoned and perverted by the triumphant lie sown in the soil of ignorance.
The machinery for vilifying Austria-Hungary is the same, naturally, as that for vilifying Germany.
The technique of the process may also be observed in the reverse operation-the whitewashing of that unsaory
ally Russia so as to make her appear a fit partner in the immaculate circle of those holy priests of civilizatiot--
England and France. The ignorance abroad in the world with respect to Austria-Hungary is naturally far
greater than that with respect to Germany. The lies and fables about the Dual Monarchy have consequently
been far more preposterous than those spread' in connection with its great ally. One need merely ask the
INTO A CITY OF
STRENGTH.
average neutral a few simple quvivie is pertain ig to the Austrians or the Ha  ian  s / 'd r to rcalize 1/w
almost incredible ignorance that prevails concerning these two historic nations, their country and their customs.
The Central Powers have therefore a great task before them so far as their reputation and representation
in forbign lands are concerned ;-they must not only combat falsehood, but educate the unknowing. To this end tlH
"Continental Times" has always been glad to contribute by publishing from time to time, special articles or supple-
ments, written by men who are experts and authorities in their respective fields.  By this the "Continental Tim's"
has performed a service to both parties.  It has even contributed   to the enlightenment of the enemies of th'
Central Powers by presenting the true condition  of things.   For instance, what French   or English publiclst
or journalist might not profit by an open-minded perusal of the article upon "The Way to Peace" present 4
below?   What absurdities uttered  in the name of the "principle of nationality"   might not be dissipated by
cool consideration of the truths presented in *'Theo'-y and Practice?" The heralds of Truth may have but a
scant audience to-day, but it will be seen that the trumpets they use have a strong resemblance to those rams'
horns whose blasts brought the walls of ericho crashing to the ground !                           . L. o.
THE WAY TO PEACE
The Way to a Secure Peace Shown by the Central Powers.
The Rage for Conquest and Destructlcn Displayed by the Entente.
By Count Jullus Andrassy.
Late Member of the Royal Hungarian Ministry.
There cannot be a man who does not in
the depth of his heart long for peace, who
would not gladly see an end of the butchery
which mocks humanity, civilization and pro-
gress.  He will be the greatest personage
of the century who, after a victory, will be
able to end the war at the very first moment
that the vital interests of his country per-
mits it to be done.
To show endurance in an unavoidable
struggle is in itself a great virtue and a great
service, but in one that can be evaded, even
a victory gives but doubtful and transitory
fame.   The  question  must therefore be:
what way will had to peace?     How can
that end be reached, about the desiraoleness
of which there can be no difference of
opinion, and which everyone recognizes as
a noble aim?
Alas, I can see at present only one single
means of reaching peace, and that is by
further use of force, by a continuation of the
struggle and by fresh victories.  We must
either inflict a decisive blow upon our
princioal adversaries, or our defensive opera-
tions must convince the Einten e finally and
completely, that they cannot change the re-
sults which have been reached thus far.
It is a sad and discouraging feeling that
there is no other way than that indicated;
but the history of the past weeks has made
this quite evident.  The proceedings of the
G rman as well as of the Hungarian Parlia-
ment show strikingly that Central Europe is
disposed to conclude a peace with moderate
demands based on the present results of the
war. Our enemies will not listen to any-
thing of the kind.  The German Imperial
Chancellor has cited those declarations which
make it as ilear-as day that the Entene has
the inatiable wish to attain complete sup-
remacy, and to over-throw entirely Cenral
Europe.   These declarations were on the
o. hole, the same otficial and seni off cial
utterances to which I also referred in the
Hungarian Parliament.
Since tthen, however, numerous additional
statements have been made which show the
aggressive spirit of the Entente, and on that
account many more thousands of men must
die, or be made cripples, and Europe be
further exposed to devastation.
A leading French newspaper, Le Temps,
has said that the love of peace as declared
by the German socialist Liebknecht is as
little adapted as the views of Bethmann-
Hollweg to bring a solution, because the
socialist will not assent to the surrender of
Elsass-Lothringen, and  because the pre-
liminary condition for peace is not present
so long as the German nation is not sub-
dued. Liebknecht has indeed expressed the
view that not a foot of land should be held
by conquest, but even this moderation does
not suffice for the Entente, their desire is to
make conquests, and so long as we do not
allow them a free choice of our own lands,
so long as the strength of Central Europe,
which is unendurable in their eyes, is not
broken, just so long are they determined to
keep on killing, to lay waste, to burn down
and to bombard.
The Times gives itself airs and says that
peace can under no circum tances be con-
cluded with Germany, so long as it remains
unconquered and unsubdued, because such
a peace would be only a truce, and that the
Germans must first be taught to respect
their own contracts, and to fulfil their plighted
obligations.  Even a peace that may appear
to be acceptable should not be concluded
because it may be assumed in advance that
Germany would make use of it only for the
purpose of preping !or a new attack. The
military power of Germany, her militarism,
must be destroyed, otherwise it was not at all
worth while to enter into the war. In order
to persuade those also who may not think
it necessary to continue the war, and are
unwilling to submit to such oppressive
burdens and be subject d to such great
dangers simply because of suppositions, the
Times declares also that behind the peace-
ful words of Germany lies her purpose of
making extensive conquests.
Smce the speech of the Chancellor did not
sufficiently i:flame public opinion in Eng-
land, the newspaper named took care to
provide the necessary fuel by publishing an
article written by a "citizen of a neutral state,"
which asserted that Germany would retain
for herself all Belgium with Antwerp and
all of Polabd, and compel Holland, Austria-
Hungary, Bulgaria, Greece and Rumania to
enter into a customs-union with her. I am
curious to learn how the citizen of a neutral
state became acquainted with the most secret
"intentions" of the German government. I
do not know whether public opinion in
England gave any credence to these assertions.
For my part, I add only the remark: that it
puts a man out of humor when he detects
the ulterior purpose of such preposterous
views. This article from a neutral is only
one of those manifold attempts whose aim it
is to keep alive the war spirit in England,
and to induce a continuance of the struggle.
Russia is keeping silent. But her silence
and her preparations indicate that she still
longs for the possession of Constantinople,
and strives for the permanent weakening and
partition of Austria- Hungary. Italy has re-
cently become a party to the London agree-
ment, and evicences by this that see is de-
termined to send her sons to the shambles
as long as the dream of the French, English
and Russian chauvinists remains unrealized.
Let it be then according to their wish.
We shall stand fast in the war that has been
forced upon us, and may the responsibility
for the blood that is being shed rest ex-
clusively upon the war party of our respective
enemies.
The outbreak of the war was likewise due
to the Entente, to their envy, their longing
for revenge and their desire to expand The
growing strength of the Central European
powers stood in their way; they did not wish
that we should pluck from our flesh the
Servian splinter which had already begun to
fester there. On this account they evoked
the most terrible war known to human history.
And yet certain external circumstances offered
them the opportunity for placing the re-
sponsibility upon us. These were, for in-
stbnce, the fact that we were driven by
necessity to deliver an ultimatum to Servia,
and that the Germans were compelled by
the progressive mobilisation of Russia, to
send an ultimatum to that country; to these
we must add the circumstance that the con-
nections of the Entente Powers with the rest
of the world were closer and more intensive
than ours. They have thus succeeded in
bringing it about that the great majority of
the people of the Entente group are fully
persuaded that we caused the war, and that
a large part of the neutral world has like-
wise taken a position against us.
However, just as the treatment of Greece
by the Entente has shaken belief in the
pretense that they had drawn the sword in
the interest of small states, and to protect
the rights of neutrals, so does their present
openly acknowledged position against any
thought of peace, and the admission of their
intention to make conquests, show in a manner
not to be misunderstood, that their aim from
the beginning on, was the securing of their
supremacy in Eiwrng.and that to-day they
are still pursuing this.
Let us nail fast these facts. Let us proclaim
aloud that everyone in the world may
hear: We should be forced to continue the
war, even if we were willing to give up all
the territory acquired with our blood, and
to renounce all the fruits of our victory.
Let us make the fact clear, that the war must
be carried on, not because we are seeking
to acquire a supremacy over the rest of the
world, but solely and alone, because our
enemies wish to secure for themselves a
hegemony, because our enemies - as they
indeed quite openly avow - would totally
crush us. Mark it well; it is not because
the Furor Teutonices, as they so often declare,
desires to break up the British empire, to
lay waste the steppes of Russia and to destroy
France, that neutral states must suffer and
that mankind must busy itself with the works
of devastation instead of being employed in
those of peace, but because those who are
talking so much of their high ideals have
determined to tread us and the Germans
under foot. It is not we who are carrying
on the war on account of uncertain sup-
positions, but our enemies, who wish to
continue it until we are completely over-
thrown and that we may not make a renewed
attack, as they pretend to be able to forsee
we might.
The Entente would deter their people from
all utterances concerning peace. As soon as
a favorable result for us in the Balkans was
imminent, and as soon as it became likely,
that having attained the immediate purpose
of the war, we should begin to consider in
some firm the question of peace, that series
of rumours with a purpose of which tne
Chancellor spoke were set afloat. The myth that
we were exhausted made its appearance, then
that the Germans were intriguing for peace,
in which efforts we were taking part, be-
cause we could no longer hold out. The
Entente as afraid of being put in the
disagreeable plight-of having either to show
a disposition for peace themselves-in which
event negotiations would begin that would be
more difficult to break off than to prevent
ab initio-or to bear the responsibility for
their bloodthirsty determination to continue
the war. Fortunately they have not suc-
ceeded in hindering us from speaking out
and expressing the feeling which, to our
honor, has taken possession of us. The
Entente Powers were compelled to let the
mask fall, to cease for a time their hypo-
critical pretenses and to admit before God
and the world that they wish war, and will
reject any proposals fhr peace.
We properly do not allow ourselves to be
terrified at those tactics of theirs by which
they would misrepresent our inclination
towards peace as a sign of weakness. It is
only the conviction of strength, only the
greatness of our victories that has awakened
in us the feeling that we are now in a
position where we are able, and ought to
speak of peace. This thought runs like a
red line through all the utterances in the
German Parliament, and is found among us
in the speeches of the members of the go-
vernment as well as in those of the speakers
on the other side and likewise in the de-
clarations of the socialists and of all shades of
the Hungarian opposition. If the reports,
based upon a complete perversion of our
expressions, should yet find belief in certain
circles of the Entente, our renewed operations,
as positive indications of our strength and
endurance, will, I believe, very soon com-
pletely dispel this error. For the rest, there
is no protection against misrepresentations.
In this campaign of perversion, the Entente
press has developed a most astounding
audacity. The most striking example of this
is shown by the fact that the article which
I wrote for the Neue Freie Presse on the
necessity of establishing more intimate re-
lations with Germany was reproduced    in
French and English journals in a manner
that represented me as falling foul of "Ger-
man tutelage." Alleged sentences were quoted
which I had never written, and which were
contradictory to my views and statements.
I hold it to be a happy circumstance that
the parliamentary debates, and especially the
declarations of the governments, have suc-
ceeded in making it as clear as day that it
is not we who are responsible for further
blood-shedding. Not only does it afford us
a feeling of solace, but it is of advantage
to us and a source of strength, to know that
it has been made manifest that not we are
the disturbers of the peace, and that we do
not endanger the balance of power. We
are satisfied with such safeguards as will
protect the position we have occupied up to
now, without demanding the absolute destruc-
tion of our enemies; while the Entente wish
to subjugate Central Europe physically so
that they may erect their own supremacy in
the place of a political equilibrium.
In the 20th century, notwithstanding all the
apparent savagery of men, he occupies the
more favorable poition whose cause harmon-
ises with the interests of humanity, and who
receives absolution at the impartial judg-
ment-seat-the collective conscience of man-
kind. The voice of public opinion is audible
even amid the bursting of bombs and the
cracking uf rifles, and possesses influence.
I am not able to give up the hope entirely
that there will gradually dawn upon the
minds of the great majority of our enemies,
the consciousness that their leaders, in ap-
pealing to the patriotism and the spirit of
sacrifice of the masses, are trillirg with the
feelings of their followers, and that the con-
tinuation of the struggle is denianded, not
so much by interests belonging to the domatin
of foreign politics, as by the dsngers which
peace, without victory, would bring to the
existing governments.
I am not able to resign the belief that the
Frenchman to whom one speaks of the
greatness and glory of his country will finally
perceive that it would be much more ad-
vantageous for France to conclude a peace
under conditions which are still possible to-
aay, than to expose his land to the danger
of bleeding to death for the sake of an am-
bition exceeding its powers to realize. I
believe that such a one will also recognize
that France is being brought to the danger
of destruction  only for the sake of that
clique, whose final overthrow would be the
result of a peace without a victory.
The English workman will finally realize,
when he is driven to the front, that the
question concerns more the interests of the
present ruling parties than the honor and
freedom of his country which even to-day
is endangered by no one,
The Italian patriot will become conscious
that his land, just as it became involved in
the war only through its internal weakness,
so likewise has been compelled to place its
destiny in the hands of foreign powers, only
for the sake of upholding the present regime.
In the Russian empire too the numerous
peaceful elements will feel that the con-
tinuance of the war is not in the true in-
terests of the country. It is to be hoped
that the millions of people belonging to the
Entente Powers will realize before the final
breakdown of this group, that tne longer the
war lasts, the more bitterly inexorable will
be the conditions of peace and the more
thorough the collapse.
Our aim was self-defence. A peace which
assures our position from attack we can be
content with to-day, before the definitive
overthrow of our enemies has been accom-
plished. Additional exertions, and additional
sacrifices will however require us to make
additional demands.  In the circle of our
enemies there are already many who think
otherwise than the leaders, but the terror
caused by the public terrper in the name of
patriotism and the directorial power of the
governments, unavoidable in war, keep them
irom expressing their opinion.
I hope that the earnest voices which have
been honorably raised oil behalf of peace,
together with the continuation of the series
of our victories, will hasten along the psy-
chological process of sobering our enemies
that it may be possible to reach an agreement
before they are completely subjugated. And
even if I be deceived in this, yet I hold it
to be indisputable that the utterance of the
word 'Peace' will in all cases confirm us in
the reassuring conviction that we do not
wish to postpone peace one day longer than
is necessary, that we do not wage war out
of a lust of conquest, out of an endeavor to
obtain supremacy over the whole world, out
of revenge or rage, and that we shall battle
only until we have obtained the necessary
safeguards for our existence. While the wild
and exaggerated intentions expressed by the
Entente will awaken sooner or later discord
among them, our moderation and our aims,
in harmony as they are, with the modern
spirit, will only strengthen that internal con-
cord which is so necessary in time of war.
But, alas, to-day, and with this I take leave
of the subject which lies so near my heart-
we still serve the cause of peace the moSt
earnestly and effectively by continuing the
inexorable struggle, without allowing it to
slacken and with a persistance and prepara-
tion ever unweariedly renewed. Consequently
we must begin the new year with the same
energe'ic determination with which we en-
tered upon the one just closing.
The voices speaking for peace have, up
till now at least, left undisturbed the san-
guinary pnantasies and the wrought-up nerv-
ous system of the Entente. They have ap-
parently not abandoned their exaggerated
hopes; this work must be left now to our
physical strength and to our victorious army
to perform.
The conquest of Servia and Gallipoli, and
the death struggle of Montenegro-these
three new reverses for the Entente, which
have happened since the speeches of Beth-
mann Hollweg and of Tisza, have ushered in
a curative process, and awaken the hope that
perhaps the war after all will not last so
long a time as that for which we have had
to prepare ourselves.
v-
"t e 


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