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White, Cha. (ed.) / The continental times
No. 1140. Vol. XXI. No. 73 (June 25, 1915)

The continental times: No. 1140, Vol. XXI, No. 73, June 25, 1915

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No. 1140. Vol. XXI. No.73.          STOCKHOLM     ROTTERDAM    LUCERNE    BERLIN   VIENNA    ZURICH                FRIDAY, JUNE 25, 1915.
Postal Route Closed.
Chiasso, June 24. The famous mail route
to India, via Brindisi, has been closed.
Sultan's Operation.
Constantinople, June 24. His Majesty the
Sultan has undergone an operation for stone.
All goes well.
The Indians Now.
London, June 24. The new Secretary of
State for India has proposed utilising Indians
to work in the grand combined effort to
supply sufficient ammunition.
British Losses.
The latest British losses amount to 88
officers and 2,977 men. The New Zealanders
have lost in the Dardanelles 143 officers and
Q33 men.
Lemberg's Fall.
Petorsburg, June 24.  The Grand Duke
Nicolai Nicolaivitch has announced the re-
tirement of the Russian troops from Lemberg.
He states that a new plan of campaign is
Ministry Resigns.
Madrid, June 24. The entire Dato Ministry
resigned yesterday. The King has instructed
Senor Dato to construct a new Ministry.
Bryan as Peace RIpostle.
Washington, June 24. Bryan was the chief
orator today at the Peace Meeting, at which
it was advocated that the export of mu-
nitions should be stopped. German and
Irish speakers took part, also the labour
leader, Gompers.
Why Not Northcliffe.
London, June 24. The Irish writer Skeffing-
ton has been condemned to six months prison
for dissuading the people from enlisting. It
is now being asked why Lord Northcliffe
should not be put in prison, he having done
so much more to prevent enlistment than
the Irishman.
End of the War.
Stockholm, June 24.   Interviewed by a
Russian correspondent General Pan has de-
clared emphatically, that the war would be
over before the end   of the year.   The
opinion of General Pau is said to be shared
in the highest French military circles.
Strikes in England.
London, June 24.  In Swansea 40 dock
workers went out on strike and a little later
a thousand more followed their example.
Work has been completely stopped. There
is trouble in the Welsh coal districts.
Arbitration efforts have failed. So far 1,700
colliers have gone out on strike.
Important Decision.
Cologne, June 24. The usually well in-
formed 10rische Zeitung states that the
Roumanian government is about to announce
for  certain  its  policy  as  regards the
war. The paper points out that the fall of
Lemberg has discouraged the interventionists
and greatly fortified the hands of the govern-
Report on Ruhleben.
London, June 24.  A report has reached
the Foreign Office here, from the United
States Ambassador in Berlin, regarding the
condition of the prisoners in Ruhleben. It
says that the care taken of the prisoners is
good, the accomodation satisfactory, the health
and spirits of all excellent.  The food and
the sanitary arrangements have been much
In German Uniform.
It is stated upon oath by many witnesses,
that in the fight of the 18th at La Bassee, a
body of Englishmen hoisted the German
flag over their trench. They were in full
German uniforms, not forgetting helmets.
They attacked the Germans.  It will be re-
membered that the English have constantly
accused the Germans of wearing English
uniforms, probably a mistake on account of
the familiar "feldgrau".
Englands New Loan.
London, June 24. The new War Loan
is to be for an unlimited figure, but the
government does not want more than
Y 600,000,000. Out of that some E 120,000,000
is already mortgaged to the Bank of England
for advances and has to be repaid in order
to bolster up the gold reserve. There is a
plan  to  convert Consols,  waiting  first
till they fall to  about  57, which  it is
reckoned will take place when the new loan
conies out. The country would thereby gain
enormously and a third of the national debt
be wiped out. Whether the vast sums ex-
pected will be forthcoming for the war loan
remains to be seen. It will be remembered
that the last loan, for a much smaller amount,
was floated with considerable difficulty.
Servians in Durazzo.
Rome, June 24. The Servians have entered
Durazzo. Essad Pasha has fled; it is said
that he has taken ship for Italy.
Italy Saved I
Milan, June 24.  The Republic of San
Marino has declared itself prepared to send
200 young men to reinforce the Italian army.
Taken To Swinemande.
Copenhagen, June 24. A number of Swedish
ships, engaged in conveying provisions to
England, have been stopped by German
cruisers and taken to Swinemunde.
For a Winter Campaign.
Lugano, June 24. The Secolo is informed
from Petersburg that the Russian army is
being prepared for a winter campaign. The
Russians hope to have received a full supply
of ammunition by July.
Italians In Africa.
Lugano, June 24.  The situation of the
Italians in the Cyrianica is exceedingly bad.
It has come to sucha point that they will
have to give up the entire interior of the
conntry, which they had taken so much
pains to colonise, and retire to the coast.
Strange Conflagrations.
London, June 24. The officials here are
much concerned at the constant conflagra-
tions that occur. During the past ten days
no less than 45 fires haven taken place in
various storehouses where military equip-
ments of various kinds have been housed.
Fears Of German Fleet.
London, June 24. The Daily Mail thinks
that an attack by the German fleet upon the
British navy is likely. That paper professes
to know that the Germans have lately been
placing very large cannon aboard their
warships for the purpose of meeting the
British on level terms.
Sent to Siberia
Petersburg, June 24. Five Socialistic Mem-
bers of the Duma, who had been making
themselves prominent in asking awkward
questions, ave been arrested and banished-
to Siberia. This, coming at a moment when
the Revolutionary movement is growing apace
is remarked in many quarters as poor policy.
Quick Results.
Paris, June 24.  The German prisoners
who had been sent to Dahomey, a region
where the climate is well nigh unbearable
for Europeans, have been transferred to North
Africa. The German government has infor-
med the French that unless a change were
made, a like number of French prisoners
would be taken and put to work in the
swamp lands.
Bern, June 24. According to what is heard
here from Italian sources, the surprise is
great in Italy concerning the Papal utte*ances.
It is generally accepted that the interview is
correct, as it has been known that the Pope
has spoken to those around him, in the
same tone which prevails in the Libert6
interview.  Particularly painful is it to Italy,
that His Holiness should have complained
that his letters are opened and read, which
of course is a breach of the Papal rights
and libertiesby the police.
Altogether the Papal interview arouses a
highly discordant note. The papers ask with
what object it was given and why published.
It is universally hoped that the Pope will
deny the entire interview.
The Corriere della Sera fully realises the
importance of the words of the Pope, and
gives the impression of being very much
upset. It says that the document is so sur-
prising-to put it respectfully-that one can
but imagine that it was incorrectly reported.
It is impossible that the Head of the Ca-
tholics should have spoken in such a manner,
although one must admit that Benedict XV
is inspired by a high principle, namely that
of the political neutrality of Italy owing to
a Christian love of peace and because, above
all, he desired to see Italy outside of the
whirl of war. The Vatican has behaved as
a foreign power.  It is regrettable that the
Pope has referred to the interference with his
epistolary freedom. His remarks concerning
the Lusitania are no less a surprise than are
those concerning Cardinal Mercier, in which
he says that that Cleric was well treated by
the Germans. And the same applies to His
Holinesses' references to the submarine
campaign, and the Louvain library.
The Secolo writes that all the Italian papers
must refrain from  giving publicity to the
interview.  It adds, that Lapatie by his crude
reproduction of the Papal words, has ent-
irely changed the spirit and form  of the
conversation, and has thrown upon itunreal
Pope Bendict the Fifteenth Appears
to be a Man of Considerable Indivi-
duality and Much: Information. He
States Plain Facts and Explodes
Errc rs.
His Holines Gives an IntervIew to
a French Journalist and Staggers
that Individual by H-is Knowledge of
the True State of ffairs, Talks of
War and Liusitania.
It is very evident, frm an audience which
he has just given to a !French journalist, that
Pope Benedict the Fift enth is a man who
is inclined to think fo himself and who is
possessed of considera'jle individuality. The
Journalist in question i the Correspondent
of the Libert, M. Lata ie.
The audience opened with the statement
by His Holiness that he had done every-
thing he could to 'mediate in the cause
of peace, but all had been of no avail.
He   said  it was   impossible  that the
Vatican could be allowed to become the
seat of constant negoriations and inquiries.
Upon this remark, the journalist saw his
opening to get the Pope to commit himself,
and suggested that it would be most useful
if an inquiry should be instituted as to the
matter of the violation of Belgian neutrality
by Germany.
The Pope replied, "But that was under the
Pontificate of Pius X. "And," he continued,
"The Germans and Austrians contest, to the
utmost, the charges made against them  and
make countercharges on . their side. The
Bishop of Cremona asserts that the Italian
army has taken away 18 Austrian priests as
hostages.  The Austrian bishops state the
Russian army carried off Catholic priests as
hostages. The Germans assert that at Louvain,
the populace fired upon their troops. They
also say that the Belgin observation posts
were located upon the dome of the Cathedral
ofiRheims- On" thrlthhairdc deihrepresrr
tatives of seven congregational districts have
sworn that there were no cases of violence
within their provinces.
"We will," said His Holiness "restore the
Library of Louvain and attend to the rebuil-
ding of the Cathedral.  Every shot against
the Rheims Cathedral had its echo in my
heart, but the moment has not come for the
truth to be told in reply to all the accusations
made. The Vatican is no court of law and
gives no judgments.  The judge is above!"
Latapie upon that turned the subject to
the supposed arrest of Cardinal Mercier and
the sinking of the Lusitania.
The Pope replied: "Apropos of Cardinal
Mercier, it may surprise you to know that
he was never arrested. He can go at free
will wherever he likes within his diocese. I
have received a letter from the Governor
General of Belgium, General v. Bissing, in
which he assures me, that in the future, he
will proceed with the utmost rigor against
those who do damage to church buildings
or seek to interfere with the clergy."
The Pope expressed his utmost commisera-
tion as regards the catastrophe of the Lusi-
ania. "But," he said, "do you believe that
the blockade which is intended to starve out
millions of helpless beings is inspired by
humane sentiments?" The Pope said that
lie would probably, at the termination of
the war, give out a syllabus, in which he
would define the doctrine of the church as
regards conditions in times of war, and the
rights and duties of those who had the con-
duct of war, and how war should be con-
ducted in the future. In it would be found
all his opinions as to all the acts of violence
committed during the war.
In the second portion of his conversation
with the Correspondent, the Pope said that
he had done all that was possible to prevent
Italy going to war. His Holiness did not
conceal the fact that he had thus acted also
in the interests of the Holy See, which was
menaced by the war. He said that the rela-
tions between the Vatican and the Quirinal
had improved, but that they were not yet
so good as he would wish to see them. He
regretted that a portion of the guard, which
he needed for the safety of his person and
guarding the treasures of the Vatican, had
been called into the army. It was also par-
ticularly hard, His Holiness said, that he
could no longer correspond at will with
all the faithful. The Italian government had
offered the Vatican the use of the official
code book, but it had not been accepted, it
would have been too dangerous, as he might
have been accused of divulging military
secrets which  had  leaked through.  Un-
fortunately his freedom from censorship had
been withdrawn and his correspondence was
now opened and read. All communication
of the Vatican with the enemies of Italy had
been cut off, and His Holiness feared for the
effects of the war upon Italy. He was not
sure how the people would accept victory
and defeat. He did not feel himself pro-
tected. In tones of anxiety the Pope ex-
pressed himself as feeling that the future
was a time full of anxiety and darkness, and
that he would gratefully clasp the hand of
the first man who should join with him in
the cause of peace.
The Corriere della Sera states that if the
papal interview is not denied, the effects will
be catastrophal.
Vast Interest Aroused.
As May be Imagined the Straight Papal Talk
does not suit the French Ideas of What is Right.
Paris, June 24. The press here is stag-
gered at the direct talk of the Pope. There
is a general expression of wonder that a
Roman Catholic newspaper, such as the
Libert, could possibly wish either to obtain
or print such   an  interview.  Thus  the
Catholic Echo de Paris and the Eclair
entirely ignore the interview. The Gaulois
prints but a part of it, that which suits it.
Many other papers give it so as to rob it
of much of its point. The Mati and the
Temps reproduce the entire interview without
comment. The Petit Parisien seems to think
it will cause anxiety amongst the Central
Powers, but why, is not evident.     The
Guerre Sociale says that more astonishing
than the interview itself is that the Liberid
could have been so indiscreet as to publish
it. The Temps states, that after speaking in
such a manner, the Pope can no longer be
considered as the right person to be the
intermediary for peaee.
The Journal des Debats regrets that the
Pope should show himself so tolerant of
the German misconduct, a misconduct which
His Holiness, it will be remarked does not,
according  to  his information, admit as
being true. Some papers think the Govern-
ment ought to remonstrate atheHo
against the Pope's pro-German leanings, as
they are called, which in reality means
his uprightness and independence of thought
and action. Others say that the utterances
of His Holiness are schismatic.
Vienna Rejoices.
The Populaceof the imperial City has Celebrated
the Taking of Lemberg for Three Days.
Ovation to Kaiser before Palace of Schonbrunn.
Vienna, June 24.  For the past three days
Vienna has been en ftte, celebrating the re-
taking of Lemberg. The festivities have cul-
minated today in a grand thanksgiving ser-
vice in the Stephans Cathedral, at which the
Crown   Prince attended,  representing  the
Emperor.   The Princely Archbishop   Piffl
celebrated  the  service  which  was fully
choral, and the grand and beautiful old
cathedral was crowded to overflowing with all
the best known persongaes of the Capital.
The service took place at 9 A.M. and then
a general move was made to Schonbrunn,
where a grand ovation to the Emperor was
to take place.
At 11 oclock a vast gathering of the pop-
ulace had gathered in the Palace Park of
Schbnbrunn,    The  crowd   numbered  its
hundreds of thousands and the scene was
most imposing.  A   great number of con-
valescing officers and soldiers were to be
seen. When the Kaiser, accompanied by
the heir to the Throne and his wife the
Grand Duchess Zita with her eldest son in
her arms appeared    upon   the  balcony,
the cheers  of  the  multitude, resounded
again  and   again.   The    aged   Emp-
eror   was    visibly  affected  by  this
spontanoeous  outburst of enthusiasm  and
love of his people. The Burgermeister Weis-
kirchner made a speech in the name of the
people of Vienna congratulating the Monarch,
to which the Emperor briefly replied and
thanked the people for their loyalty and pat-
riotism. The monarch said that the people
of Vienna might well look upon the victory
with pride, for it had indeed been a
great feat of arms. He himself was filled
with the sentiment of gratitude for the enor-
mous sacrifices the gallant soldiers of the
Empire had made, and the immense courage
they had displayed under the greatest hard-
ships and difficulties. He hoped that the
people would find courage to bear with
fortitude the many miseries which such a
war as this one was certain to bring upon them.
Then there was another great outburst of
cheering as the Kaiser, after saluting his be-
loved people, retired within the Palace. It
was a truly stirring sight and the ovation
was tremendous.
The American Note.
Opinions of the Press Organs Which
Appear to Differ Widely In Opinion
Upon the Diplomatic Document.
The New York American which has just
arrived here, criticises the last Wilson note
to Germany which it says resolves itself into
a demand upon the Germans to give up the
submarine campaign.
The Evening Post writes: Even if Germany
were in the position to satisfy the demands
of President Wilson on that special point,
there still remain great difficulties. We can-
not direct the course Germany should adopt
as regards the utilising of her submarine
fleet. We cannot ask that the action of those
submarines should be cricumscribed, so long
as American interests are not hurt.
The World says that the one possible
ground for Diplomatic intervention is when the
rights of citizens of any country are threat-
ened. Wilson's note was in that direction
The reply of Germany was a plain refual
The Sun says that the Bureaucratic Foreign
office of Germany does not seem to uner-
stand that the note was not meant as an
opportunity for the arranging of an under-
standing with England.
The Washington Star says that the Ameri-
can people has the fullest confidence in the
President, who it feels sure will do all pos-
sible to arrange the differences between Eng
land and Germany in a manner so that ne-
tral trade may not be disturbed.
Something Is Wrong.
Even the Roumanian Press Organ
of Take Jonescu States that There
is a Joint Loose in the Armor
of the Entente Powers.
Bucharest June 24.  As everyone knows
Take Jonescu is the out and out partizan
of the "Entente", so, it is all the more
significant that his press organ the Romanie
should at a time like this, when the Allies
are doing everything to get Roumania to
break her neutrality, come out with an
aricle which is headed, Le Dfaut dans la
-~fh*r5  a  --Hftk - rrd-Ct-cps ccir! -01Ce
conditions now existing in the combination
of the four allied powers.   For the first:
time the Roumanie drops its warlike talk
and admits that there is something very
wrong with the Allies, whose constant an-
nouncements of victories bring them no
nearer the end of the war. It is also to be
noted that the article in question has a tone
about it which makes one think that it is
inspired by the Russian Legation, where
Jonescu is hand in glove with the Minister.
It will be remembered that for some time'
past complaints upon complaints have been
heard from Petersburg as to the small
amount of support given to Russia by her
allies, to the failure of the supplies of am-
munition it being charged that Russia has
for ten months been doing all the fighting
whilst the English and French have been
taking it easy. Further, Russia considers that
the French and English ought surely to force
a way through the Dardanelles, the opening
of which is more important to Russia than
At the same time the important Italian
newspaper the Epoca publishes a violent
attack upon the Bratianu Ministry, on ac-
count of its lukewarm attitude as regards
the Quadruple Alliance. It is so strong that
the matter is taken up by the semi - official
Indpendance Roumaine   with  so clear a
reply as has seldom been heard here.
Messrs. Jonescu, Xenopol, Filipescu and
Lahovary are taken severely to book. "In
its overwhelming majority", says the paper,
"Roumania approves the policy of Bratianu.
The Ministry is composed of men who will
not allow themselves to be drawn aside
from the right course either by small ques-
tions or matters of personal interest or by
unhealthy vanity, as others before them." The
Jonescu party consists of men who have
sacrificed the interests of their country to
their own personal ends.  All the sensible
portion of the community favours the
healthy policy of the existing ministry; for
It is an out and out real Roumanian policy."
Imitation    At Last.
An English Submarine Torpedoes
a German Trawler, Taking Example from the Foe.
Copenhagen, June 24. At last the naval po-
sition has for once been reversed. An English
submarine has torpedoed a German trawler.
The PC 194 has been towed into Hanstholm
in a sinking condition.  The first mate of
the German trawler states that a flotilla of
fishing ships was attacked in the North Sea
near Skagen by an English submarine.
Several ships were destroyed.  The crews
have been saved.   The captain of the 194
was taken prisoner by the English who claimed
that he was a marine officer.
Grand HOWe
Grand HMel Royal
Managing Director: Nils Trusson.
Fine Situation in Large Park.

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