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White, Cha. (ed.) / The continental times. Supplement: Austro-Hungary and the war.
No. 1125. Vol. XXI. No. 58 (May 19, 1915)

The continental times: No. 1125, Vol. XXI, No. 58, May 19, 1915

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No. 1125. Vol. XXI. No. 58.          ROlTERDAM     LUCERNE    BERLI     VIENNA     ZURICH    ROME        WEDNESDAY,_MAY 19,1915.
Grey Ill.
London, May 18. The Minister for Foreign
Affairs, Grey is suffering from trouble with
his eyes. He will have to take a rest. In the
meanwhile Mr. Asquith will replace him.
For A Winter Campaign.
London, May 18. The Manchester Guardian
stales that Lord Kitchener has given the
necessary orders for the preparations to be
made for a winter campaign.
Losses of Allies.
Athens, May   18.  In diplomatic circles
here it is told that the Allies, in their
attempts off the Bosphorus, have lost 15,000
dead and 20,000 wounded.
More Troops Wanted.
London, May 18.   In the House of Lords
Kitchener made a statement to the effect that
he needed 300,000 more recruits wherewith
to build up a new army.
Submarine Results.
London, May 18. Owing to the Submarine
invasion, the price of meat has risen 700/o,
and other necessaries in proportion. The tram -
way service throughout the capital has stopped.
Panic in Warsaw.
It is reported,by one who has recently
come over the Russian frontier, that there
exists a panic in Warsaw owing to the rumors
of Russian defeats. There is a terrible shortage
of coal in Petersburg.
Two Cruisers Sunk.
Athens, May 18. According to a communi-
cation to the government, from the Prefect
of Mytilene, two English armored cruisers
have run upon mines in the Dardanelles
and been sunk.
Getting Critical.
London, May 18. -The Tmes write.,; -tt
from many points of view the campaign is
becoming very criticalvfor the Allies.  The
burden ofEngland's partners is exceedingheavy.
Giant Rirship.
London, May 18. The Daily Chronicle in
a Geneva despatch announces that a new
and giant airship is being built at the
Friedrichshafen  works.  It is to carry  a
thousand kilos of explosives and to travel at
a speed hitherto unequalled.
Russian Losses.
Vienna, May IS. The Chief of Staff reports
that in the recent advance movement of the
united armies, 174,000 prisoners have been
taken, 128 cannon captured and 368 machine
guns.   The   re-capture  of Przemys  and
Lemberg appears iminent
Off Spanish Coast.
Hague, May 17. A despatch in the Nieuwe
Rotterdamsche Courant announces that Ger-
man submarine boats have been seen off the
Spanish coast. An English ship, the Helena,
laden with wheat from Argentina, is long
overdue and is supposed to have been sunk.
Banished To Russia.
Vienna, May 18. As a result of the recent
visit of the Tzar to Przemys the Mayor and
a great many of the notables of that city
have been sent into exile in Russia. The
reason was that they refused to welcome
the Tzar as their new ruler.
Zeppelins Busy.
London, May 18. Zeppelins airships have
been busy over Dover. Calais, Ramsgate,
Broadstairs.  English  aeroplanists attacked
seven at a time and claim to have damaged
one of the airships. That however is denied
by the Germans.
In Mesopotamia.
London, May 18. The      Morning    Post
publishes a letter from an officer in Meso
potamia, in which he writes about a severe
engagement which has taken place there,
accompanied by heavy losses. He says that
the enemy have been as an ocean and the
English a drop of water in comparison.
British Losses.
Rotterdam, May 18. The casualty list of
Eiglish officers on one day, the lth of
May, amount to 400, out of which 99 are dead
Losses of men were 1741. This is the severest
casualty record so far published. In the past
16 days thelloss in officers, from all causes,
has;been 2,100.
Minister Murdered.
Madrid, May 18. As the new President
of the Portuguese Ministry Senor Chagas
stood in the Lisbon Station; having just come
fromOporto; he was approached by Senator
Freitas who after speaking a few words took
out a revolver and shot the Minister. Senor
Frcitas was cut down by the police and
killed.  The Minister President was taken
away in a dying condition.
Entering  Recklessly Upon a War for
Role Played by Rmbassador Barrire
What Italian Pr
Italy, for no possible logical reason that
can be imagined, appears decided to allow
herself to be drawn into the vortex of the
great war.  As though   that war were not
terrible enough without adding another com-
batant.  In so doing Italy takes a terrible
responsibility. Her fighting forces are small,
her finances in poor condition, the position
of the King precarious, and already, before
war has been declared, there exists throughout
the country a shortage of cereals and coal.
When the innermost situation of Italy is
examined, the fact that the Government
should wish to break neutrality appears all
the more incredible. It is known that every
workingman's organisation throughout the
country has protested against the war. That
those protests have been carefully concealed
by an active censorship does not make them
any the less important.  It was well known
that over 300 out of five hundred or so of
deputies are against the war and that tney
are headed by the first politican in the land,
Giolitti.  Neverthless  the  masses  of the
people and the majority of the political good
sense of the country, which condemns the
war, appears to be helpless in the face of a
noisy minority which parades the streets,
convokes meetings, makes speeches, abuses
violently all its ooponents, and appears to
terrorise the entire land.  Italy today seems
to be ruled by mob law, she reminds one
of France at the time of the Commune.
And the mob calls for "War or Revolution."
Italy appears to be seeking all the troubles
that can fall to the lot of any nation.
- - ---- ----------
But, of course, there must be a reason for
the apparently impossible and -- one might
add - insane impulse which is forcing
Italy into war without any outwardly apparent
reason. To go to war for nothing is such
a criminal proceeding that there must be
some other than natural forces at work some-
where, when a country like Italy takes such
a reckless and ruinous course. And it is, as
might be expected, to be found in the efforts
of the Allies. Defeated on all sides, Russia,
France and England, in their despair, have
tried to draw into this war every other co-
untry in the wofld, not excluding America.
Roumania, Greece, the Scandinavian Kingdoms,
Portugal have all been offered tempting in-
ducements to break their neutrality, but have
remained firm in their desire for peace. But
Italy, after long resistance, has given way.
There a road was found, it was one which
had to be paved with gold.
It is a well-known fact to those living in
Rome, and who are behind the political
scenes, that the French Ambassador M. Ca-
mille barrere has, for a long while past, been
placed by his government in possession
of almost unlimited sums of money, the same
to be devoted to winning over opinion in
Italy in favor of a breach of neutrality, for
the benefit of the Allies. The Ambassador's
budget, for such purposes, has reached ai
high as five millions ,of francs per month.
With such sums at his disposal, it has not
been very difficult for M. Barrere to buy the
voice of a press which has always been
easily purchasable. Once the press had been
bought, the rest was easy. Public opinion
of the kind which is now master of the
situation can be easily purchased, just as the
cldque is paid for in the Italian theatre. In
the same manner, by Payment, D'Annunzio
the impecunious and erstwhile bankrupt
author, was brought on to the scene with a
great beiting of drums by an already sub-
sidised press.
The Avanti and the Stampa are for neut-
rality, and the latter publishes a highly com-
mon seise Editorial written by its owner,
Senator Frassti, in which thewar-instigators
are reproved. He says: "There was talk of
Italy going into the war in September. Had
she been draw in then, by now she would
have bled and achieved   nothing.  Is the
position in any way changed now? Upon
what grounds can Italy be asked to come
into the war today? The military situation
is just the same as six months ago, and so
it is exceedingly much to the advantage of
those against whom the war wishers seek to
set us. The situation of the Central powers
has much improved of late in the Carpa-
thians. When, where and from whom has
our flag been in any way insulted? When,
where and by whom are the interests of ourt
no Reason.     Neither Flag, Honor     nor
d Menaced.
.  , Big  Budget fo    Press Purposes.
ess Has to Say.
fatherland threatened? Had the Russian
avalanche overwhehhe( Austro-Hungary as
promised, we should lIave been faced with
a national problem. But it has not. Lord
Kitchener's army has fought bravely, but it
cannot free France. T Pe undertaking of the
Dardanelles becomes ech day more difficult.
No! the life and destin es of a nation should
not be hasarded light   in the manner one
sets a piece of mon y    on a number at
Monte Carlo. Wo lo      our Fatherland too
much. We love it too I armly to take the re-
sponsibility of bringing the country into war,
when neither her interests nor honor are at
American Opinion on Italy.
Professor John W. Burgess of Co-
lumbia Universityl Cannot Believe
that Italy Could Act Against her
Treaty   Ilies
New York, May 18. Professor John W.
Burgess, of Columbia  niversity, in an open
letter to the New York Times, expresses his
utter astonishment tha Italy can think, at
such a moment as this, of deserting her
Allies, whom  she is solemnly pledged to
assist in case of need.He says:-"The real
reason for Italy rema  ig  neutral in this
contest was that Engla d was taking part in
the war.   If Great Aritain had remained
neutral the war would have been over
months ago. If Englard had not come in,
I think Italy would srely have supported
her Allies. Italy was hf'ghtened by England's
sea power, which coi d have wrested her
Trinolitancn'    I                 ia
easy to understand.  But should Italy quit
that neutral territory and join in with Eng-
land, France and Russ a against her allies,
that would constitute a method of dealing
of such deep and eternally damnable shame,
that I cannot believe it possible until it
has actually taken plae.  Italy may have
had differences with A istria, but this is not
the moment for an hoiorable ally, to seek
a   solution  of  the  same  in  such :a
traitorous manner.
I can clearly grasp the advantages which
Italy would gain, by on honorable support
of her Allies at the present time and re-
maining neutral; but I can see nothing of
advantage to Italy should she take a con-
trary course, it can only bring her dishonor
and disdain. I have not an over high estima-
tion of the the discernment of the leading
statesmen of Italy, but matters as they stand
here, aretso  clear, that I must draw their
attention to them
In the Reichstag.
In the Reichstag yeuterday, the Imperial
Chancellor addressed the House upon the
subject of relations with Italy. His Excellency
told the expectant Members of the large
concessions wich Austro-Hungary had offered
to make to Italy in the interests of peace and
then referred to the speech of Count Tisza,
which had proved that all possible concessions
had been made.
At the conclusion of a speech marked by
its brevity, the Chancellor said:-"I still
cherish a hope that in Ihe scales peace will
be found to weigh heavier than war. Which-
ever way Italy shall decide, we, in conjunction
with  Austro-Hungary,  have  done   every-
thing possible to maintain those good rela-
tions, so ingrained in the German people,
which have brought so much profit to the
three countries. Should the agreement be
torn asunder by the one partner, we shall
know full well, with the other, how to meet
the new danger with confidence and courage."
The closing words of the Chancellor were
met with great applasse throughout the
Latest Syrptoms.
Diplomatic Relatiors Still Continue,
but Situation Appears Hopeless.
Comments from 'Various Sides.
Rome, May 18. Tur
quarters of the oppon
state of siege has be,
Grave disturbances ha
80,000 workmen declare
protest against the war.
the students attacked tht
ralist organ Stampa, bi
and did other damage.
up in the streets and
Mass meetings were hel
the war. There were rr
in. forms the head-
ents of the war. A
n  proclaimed there.
re taken place and
d a general strike as
On the other hand
offices of the neut-
oke some windows
Barricades were run
shooting took place.
Id to protest against
any casualties,
Both Prince Billow and Baron Macchio
had interviews with the Minister of Foreign
affairs Sonnino, so that diplomatic relations
are not yet broken off. There are those
even, who profess to see an amelioration in
the situationsanda possibility that, on Thurs-
day, no absolute decision will be taken.
There seems to be small justification for
such hopes.
In the Popolo Romano there appears a
remarkable article by Commander Bonamico
of Florence. That officer states that Germany
stands so secure in the West and East that
she can spare a number of army corps for
unexpected  necessities.  The  position  of
Austria has very much improved and will
continue improving. England's position is
not clear, but an offensive movement by
her forces does not seem possible. France
does not appear to have confidence in
herself and seeks help from all directions.
Russia is prostrate In the Balkans a policy
of observation is the rule, and the Darda-
nelles question remains stationary. Italy will
scarce be able to take part in the joint
military  operations.  The  attack  of the
enemy is likely to be made with lightning
rapidity on the Po and who knows where
after that. Even a brief occupation would
leave the country devastated and it is quite
possible that the enemy would occupy
Venice and Lombardy, which might remain
in their possession.
The Parliament will meet on Thursday at
2 P. M. The Government will call for full
powers to be given to the King. Three new
ministers will be announced, Bissolati, re-
presenting the Reform Socialists; Barzilai,
for the Republicans and Fera, for the Radi-
cals. Turati, in the name of the Socialists
will oppose the war and the granting of the
money for its expenses.
There now on longer seems the slightest
ipnhfth1b#L%   -h - efledeid dliyac-.
Yesterday there were great war demonstra-
tions in Rome and the Mayor Prince Colonna
made a chauvinistic speech to open pro-
ceedings and D'Annunzio closed with a stir-
ing war tirade. At the termination the bells
of the Capitol rang out, an event of the ut-
most rarity. The whole town seemed to be
permeated with the spirit and the wish
for war.
The Giornale d'Italia writes:-"War is
already virtually declared by the joint will
of the King, the government and the nation.
The suppressed flame which has burnt forI
half a century in the heart of Italy, has now
burst into fire. The dream  has become a
reality and appears in an outburst of striking
truth, in songs and flags and light andI
flowers." Such a statement, from the official
government organ, leaves no doubts.
The Dardanelles.
The Turks Claim to have Beaten the
Allied Forces Wherever they have
Constantinople. May 18. A report published
by the Reuter Agency, todthe effect that ther
Turks had been surrounded and a great
number of them killed, is false.  On the
contrary the Allied forces wherever they have
landed, have been badly beaten and they now
only occupy fringes of the coast and dare
not venture away from the 1protection of their
ships guns. At Sedul Bar the English forcesr
are being constantly decimated by our fire.
The largely superior Turkish forces holdI
them completely.r
At Ari Burnu the enemy has advanced fort
about half a kilometer. Large numbers oft
Turkish troops almost surround the landing
force. On the 15 th, in a landing attemptf
the enemy lost 1,500 men, principally Austra-.
lians.  The landing stages and magazinest
recently erected, have been destroyed by the
Turkish fire.
Churchill's Responsibility.
London, May 18. At last the truth aboutn
Winston  Churchill's responsibility in theI
Dardanelles expedition is out. In the Housea
of Commons Mr. Joynson-Hicks asked the
First Lord of the Admiralty whether Lorda
Fisher, in the course of the consultatione
regarding the March attack on the Dardanelles,y
expressed the view that it would be wiser toc
wait for the co-operation of a military force;y
and, if so, who overruled such advice.
Mr. Churchill.-I am sure this House will
not approve of this kind of question, whichA
is calculated to be  detrimental to  public
interests of serious importance. The unityI
and integrity of the Board of Admiralty ought  t
not in time of war to be impugned by anyo
The American Note.
Ambassador Judge Gerard Hands
in a Lengthyocument tothe Foreign
Office. United Statesand herCitizens
It is courteous and Friendly in Tone.
The latest American note, concerning the
loss of the Lusitania, has been handed in by
Ambassador Judge Gerard to the German
Foreign Office. It is a long document and
tells of the growing anxiety with which the
governnent of the United States views the
sinking of American ships and the loss of
life of American citizens.  It refers to the
loss of the Falaba, Gulflight and finally the
Lusitania.  It claims that Americans should
be free to travel wherever they please
without risk to life.   The  United States
government does not wish to accept the
principle of the war zone, as laid down by
Germany. It claims that Americans have the
right to navigate anywhere where their trade
or business may necessitate. It urges that
the commanders of submarines should take
all measures to avoid sacrifice of innoceit
life.  Also that compensation  cannot be
accepted as sufficient reparation or excuse
for the destruction of American life and
property. The note is dictated in courteous
terms and not in any way of an unfriendly
nature; but more as a document wherein
the writer has sought to persuade Germany
to relax the Submarine invasion of British
waters. It. is moreover not a note which
will give the German government any
difficulties in making explanation and reply.
Cant Do Without Them
Baron Schroder was a Necessity for the Creit
of the City of London. Loss to England.
London, May 18.   In the debate in the
House of Commons on the interning of
Germans, Mr. Holt (L., Hexham) pointed
out that if all these aliens were interned it
would involve an expense to the country of
somie two or three millions a year, in addi-
0Ui- to- whie'ir-th. country woiidlose the
labour of many men at a time when the
work of every man was wanted. He hoped
that the Government would not intern a
single person  whom   they believed could
safely be left at large.
Mr. Joyn..on-Hicks (U.,  Brentford) said
that he was unable to join in the paean of
praise of the Government. They hadyielded
to clamour.
Sir A. Markham (L., Mansfield Division)
said that in the grant of naturalisation a dis-
crimination was made in favour of rich and
high placed Germans.
Mr. Asquith  said the hon. memnber must
not say that.
Sir A. Markham.-The Chancellor of the
Exchequer stated in one case that neutralisa-
tion was allowed for financial reasons.
Mr. McKenna.-Not for the benefit of Baron
Schr6der, but for the benefit of the credit
of the City of London.
Sir A. Markham.-1 did not know that the
credit of the City of London rested upon a
naturalised alien (hear, hear). He contended,
further, that all M.P.'s of German parentage
ought not to be allowed to sit in the House,
and that every German-born person should be
removed from the Privy Council (hear, hear),
Rebellion In India.
Stated that English Have Given up
Sending more Indian Troops to
Europe. The Sentiment of Unrest.
Hague, May 18th. From letters which have
reached here from Central India it is stated
that in the middle of April the situation in
India was very serious and that the Indian
regiments were mutinying against being sent
to Europe to fight, they having knowledge
that their comrades had been placed in toe
front lines on all occasions possible and the
English themselves taking safer positions.
It is not supposed that any more Indian
troops will be shipped during te present
war. The English evidently fear a rebellioni.
Lax Young Men.
London, May 18.  In the Hou e of Com-
mons Mr. Fell asked the Home Secretary if
he could state the number of men of miliatry
age who are now engaged in the chorus of
the theatres and music-halls of the Metropolis
at the present time; and if, in view of the
effect of the presence of a large number of
young men who should be serving their
country being exhibited nightly on other
young men in the audience, lie proposed to
take any steps in the matter.
Mr. Harmsworth replied: -The inquiry
which is being made as to the numoer of
men who can be spared for enlistment from
the several industries has not yet reached the
heatrical profession, where the numbers are
comparatively small; but I will consider
what steps can be taken in the matter.
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