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White, Cha. (ed.) / The continental times: special war edition
No. 1103. Vol. XXI. No. 36 (March 26, 1915)

The continental times: special war edition, No. 1103, Vol. XXI, No. 36, March 26, 1915


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No. 1103. Vol. XXI. No. 36.                 ROTTERDAM  LUCERNE     BERLIN   VIENNA  ZURICH  ROME               FRIDAY, MARCH 26, 1915.
Latest News.
Short items of interest from various sources.
The Russian Reserves.
Petersburg, March 25th. The Government
has ordered 23 annual levies of the "Reichs-
wehr" to have themselves enlisted.   The
recruits for 1916 and 1917 have also been
called up.-Desertion from the Russian armies,
especially at the front, is increasing more and
more. The Army administration has issued
a special paper, in which the names of
deserters (about 600 every week) are published.
Why France publishes no
Casualty lists.
Metz, March 25th. The Lothringer Zeitung
says: The French General Staff stubbornly
refuses to publish casualty lists. The reason
for this is that the losses have been so ter-
ribly heavy that the authorities do not dare
to make the public fully acquainted with
them. As an instance of the losses sustained
by the French, the paper says that in 23
villages 1773 Germans and 5722 Frenchmen
are buried, who were killed in the battle of
Lorraine on August 20th and 21st. This
meins three Frenchmen to every German.
Allies' Attacks Repulsed.
Berlin, March, 25th.  French attacks were
repulsed near Pont-h-Mousson, Badonviller
and Reichsackerkopf. Fighting at the Hart-
mannsweilerkopf is still in progress.-The
German   column   pursuing  the  Russians
beyond Memel made 500 prisoners and
captured 3 guns and 3 machine - guns.
Russian attacks at Tauroggen were repulsed
with heavy losses to the enemy.   Several
attacks against the German positions at
Osrolenka also failed: 20 officers, 2500 men
and 5 machine-guns were captured.
Renewed Fighting in the
Carpathians.
Vienna, March 25th. Another great battle
ias developed in the Carpathian mountains
west of the--Uszek--Pass-- Strog Russir--
forces try to drive the Austro-Hungarians
from  the hights.  1500 prisoners captured.
The Russians were driven from several villages
in the norihernmost part of the Bukovina.
Five Victims of a Submarine.
Reuter, London, March 25th It is reported
jrom Fecamp that the French sailing ship
Jacques Coeur was stopped by a German
submarine 85 miles from the Lizzard. The
Jacques Coeur was asked to take over 28 men
of the crew of a British steamer, one of five
which had been sunk by the submarine.
How the "Dresden" went down.
Berlin, March 25th.  An official report
has arrived from the Commander of the
Dresden, describirg how the cruiser was
attacked by three British warships when lying
in Cumberland Bight, Isle of Juan Fer-
nandez. The Dresden replied to the British
firing until all guns and three ammunition
stores were destoyed. It was pointed out
to the British Admiral that the attack had
been made in neutral waters. But when the
Glasgow continued firing inspite of the re-
presentations made, the Commander of the
Dresden blew  up his ship to prevent her
falling into the hands of the English. It is
not true that the Dresden hoisted a white flag
and surrenderei, as described in the official
British report.
Growing Unrest in India.
London, March, 25 th. Times learns from
Bo nbay that the Indian Council has unani-
mously supported the Government's proposal
of the declaration of state of war in India.
In Bengal and in the Pundjab "anarchist"
elements are said to be at work committing
robberies and other crimes. In the Pundjab
"agrarian" causes may also have added to
the unrest. The movements in these districts
are doubtlessly connected with each other.
It is feared that doubts as to the loyalty of
the Indian masses may arise, a situation
which would endanger India's position within
the British Empire.
The Chinese-Japanese Conflict.
London, March 25th. Daily Telegraph re-
ports from Pekin that the Chinese-apanese
negotiations are continuing. China refuses to
compromise in the Mongolian question. The
Japanese are already landing troops in China.
The garrison of Tsinanfu was increased;
3000 man were landed at Mukden and the
same number at Dairn. A number of trans-
ports are lying off the coast near Taku Bank,
Hankow   and at the Yangtse.   China has
concentrated 73000 men and 180 guns near
the capital.
American Intervention in Mexico.
Madrid, March 25th. Epoca says that the
United States Government prepares for a
mobilization prior to an immediate interven-
tion in Mexico.
Heavy British Losses.
According to the English papers, no less
than 700 officers fell in the fight of
Neuve-Chapelle.
London, March 24. In spite of the studied
attitude of apathy to all matters concerning
the war, which the upper classes here endea-
vor to assume, the losses of Neuve-Chapelle
have come as a mighty heavy blow and that
on account of the number of officers who
have fallen. The censorship has been pur-
suing the policy of secretiveness which is
causing the utmost irritation. But in the
Neuve-Chapelle matter, the papers themselves
have gone to work to learn the truth and
the result is, that they announce the number
of lost officers in that small engagement as
having been over 700. Such a disaster is
unknown in the war annals of British hitory.
It has brought home, more tan any other
previous engagement, to the English mind, the
seriousness of the war and the possibility
and probability of much severer losses to
come. The newspapers openly say, that the
gain achieved was not anywhere nearly
commensurate with the heavy losses entailed
and, in consequence disagreeable qestions
are being a-ked, as to who is the culprit
who is answerable for the bloody catastrophe.
It is finally admitted that 12,000 men fell.
The Fate of Servia.
London, March 25th. Sir Thomas Lipton,
returning from Servia tells of the terrible
ravages of epidemics among the population.
The cemeteries are too small for the immense
number of people who die every day. Men
and women are lying about in the houses
and die without any medical assistance. If
help does not arrive very soon to a sufficient
extent, Servia will meet her fate-a fate more
terrible than from the hands of the enemy.
Dr. Ryan, the American doctor said: "If help
does not arrive, the Servian nation will be
extinguished from the surface of the earth
in a very short time."
Another Disclosure in England
about the War.
London, March 25th. Sir Arthur Conan
Doyle, giving a lecture in London, mentioned
that Sir John French, the General-in-Chief of
the British forces has made a special study
of the territory where the English Expediti-
onary Force is fighting, for the last 5 years.
(This means, of course, that the English have
for the last 5 years waited for the opportunity
to fight Germany in France and Belgium.
The German official documents, stating this
fact, have hitherto been treated derisively by
the English Government and Press.)
Turks putting British to flight.
Constantinople, March 25. According to
private advices from Bagdad the Turkish
troops in their victorious advance have en-
tered Korna The English troops, who had
retired to that city, withdrew to the South.
In the fight for possession of the city the
panic stricken Englishmen shot upon one
another. The Turkish troops did not sustain
any losses.
Holland Protests.
Hague, March 25. The Dutch government
is about to deliver a note of protest to the
English and French governments as regards
their treatment of neutral shipping.
The Truth.
Pctersburg. March 24. The Russkoje Slovo
is one of the few papers here which now
and again tells the truth. This it does now,
in its statements concerning the widely reported
state of starvation in which Berlin was told
to be. The Slovo says: -- ,,The reports as
to the state of famine in Berlin are exaggerated,
There is no lack of meat and plenty of fish
and other victuals.  Only as regards the
consumption of bread is there is a dimiunition.
The theatres and the pleasure resorts are filled
to overflowing which can scarcely be said to
be the case in Russia.
U Boat Influences.
The rates for assurance at Lloyds has
risen immensely since the submarine
campaign began.
London. March 24. The Daily Telegraph,
in spite of the would be comforting as urances
given by Mr. Winston Churchill in the House
of Commons, tells that the rates of insurance
at Lloyds daily increase. In consequence of
the onslaught of the German submarines
during the past week, the premiums which
were formerly at twenty shillings, have gone
up to thirty and forty. Should the submarine
boat invasion increase in intensity then there
are no limits to the height insurance may
reach, for already the brokers are exceedingly
nervous and chary of accepting risks.
British Dyes.
Another Failure of English Enterprise.
Certain sections of ritish Industries were
hailing the war as the best opportunity to
get rid of German coripetition, if not abroad
at least in the home-i' rkets. It was a gospel
among the employer in these branches of
industry that only "4heap and nasty" work
and cheap labor in Crmany prevented them
from competing succe fully.
One of the chiif products of this kind
were aniline dyes of *hich German manu-
facturers almost he'd  monopoly, although
they themselves did rot enjoy a protective
tariff at home. And ce of the first acts of
the economic war was the forming of a
commission which was to enquire into the
ways and means how to create a British
dye industry.
After long deliberations certain propositions
were made which, however, did not find
much support in industrial circles  What
the manufacturers wanted was protection pure
and simple or a stater guarantee of profits.
A  new  scheme was proposed which intro-
duced participation by the government. A
prospectus was issued afterwards by the
"British Dyes Limited' a company formed
for   the   purpose lof  making   aniline
dyes,  but  when   fhe  subscription  list
was closed, only X  44 000 were subscribed,
not even half the amount laid up for subs-
cription : Cash payments amounted only to
Y122.000, which was not sufficient to cover
the expenses advanced by the government.
And part of the subscriptions were only
made conditionally. It looks very much as
if nothing at all were to come of all the big
words used in the beginning. If the £1,000.000
capital cannot be subscribed amongst those
interested  in the  manufacture  of dyes
the   government   intends  to  withdraw
from the scheme and it is very much
to  be   doubted  if  another  agreement
with no response. W  feel sure that econo-
mic competition between the industrial count-
ries of the world will after the war go on
harder than ever. If Eigland cannot succeed
now in organizing her industries, which is
an essential factor in economic competition,
she will not be able to after the war either-
unless she would be pt before the alternative
to do it or to go down industrially.
Troubles in India.
The natives of the Punjab and the Bengalese
are in a very restless state of mind.
London. March 24. Very disquieting des-
patches have reached the India office from
the Viceroy, Lord Hardinge. It is difficult
to know exactly what it means, but there
exists a very widespread movement against
the government. In official circles it is stated
that anarchists are at work, but such tenets
are so very far away from the ideas of the
Indian populations, that they seem scarcely
credible. Further there appear to be doubts
as to the loyalty of the population in general
and there is a feeling of universal unrest which
is making the white population considerably
anxious, the more so as so many of the
regular troops have been sent to the European
war.
Greek Neutrality.
Constantinople. March 24. The question of
the open violation of neutrality on the part
of the Greeks, whereby unlimited quantities
of stores and ammunititon are sent over the
frontier to Servia, by the ioute of Salonika,
is attracting q tite particular attention here.
Rather Previous.
Brussels. March 24. New York Herald of
Paris, whose Editor appears to have to be
more Russian than the Russians, more French
than the French, announced in its issue of
March the 4th, which has just reached here,
that all the forts of the Dardanelles had been
reduced and, that no less than 52 ships
of war had entered   the  narrows.  For
sensationalism  and  inaccuracy  the  Paris
New York Herald beats all competitors.
Financial Comparisons.
It appears that it has become a joke upon
the London Stock Exchange to pretend to
deal in German three per cents. It is harm-
less, as the three per cents with the London
stamp, since the war broke out are not
accepted  here.  In truth German Consols
have suffered less than those of the English
and French. In the middle of February the
German 3 0/0 State loan has retrograded
5,55 to 70,25; the English 2/ consols 7.25
to 68,50; the 3 0/o French Rentes had gone
down 12,50 standing at 68,75.
That second attack.
Prospects of the Allied fleets in the coming assault upon the Dardanelles.
An enormous rush.
Ancient Naval Units sent to the     front.  Suspicions respecting the
British Admiralty reports.
By AubregjStanhope.
Inevitably there is to be a secondattempt
made, by the Allied fleets, to capture the
Dardanelles. The first cannot be taken, more
especially in  view  of the  latest details
published, as anything other than a dead
failure on the part of the allied forces. .That
the English  so acknowledge it to be, is
evident by the recall of Admiral Carden
who, it is understood, is to be, replaced by
Emiiral fde Robeck.'
ccording to the Athens Correspondent
oTthe Italian paper Corriere de la Sera, the
losses of the Allies amount to 7,000 men.
That is manifestly a gross exaggeration. But
u'doubtedly the losses were very much
greater than the English or French care to
admit. The Greek papers, jwho all have
rrespondents in Lemnos, state that the
number of dead may be taken as 2,000, that
five ships have been sunk and four disabled.
That the Commander of the Inflexible has
been killed by the splinter from a shrapnell
and the Irresistible sank five knots away
from the town of Dardanos, and the Ocean
13 miles further off, shared the same fate.
The Inflexible was hit hard and the water
rushing into her lower parts drowned a
number of the crew on duty there. The
Albion was not so badly damaged, but lost
60 men. The Gaulois was badly crippled and
sank, also the Bouvet; while the Suffren, very
much damaged and with her machinery
cippled, was just able to get away at
minimum speed. Such are the reports from
Athens where, as you know, the sentiment
is more p'ro-E-lish--than otherws
No risks taken.
The English apparently do not wish to
risk any of their new ships, for to replace
those that have been sunk or disabled, they
are sending out the Queen, 15,250 tons and
the Implacable, sister ships of the Irresistible,
Bulwark and Formidable, all three of which
have now been sunk. The Implacable is
16 years old and, the Queen thirteen. The
French are credited with beeing about to
send out, to take part in the renewed assault,
the entire five ships of the Patrie type, the
others being the Verit, justice, Democratie
and Republique. Of those the Verit is the
newest, built in 1907, and, together with the
justice and Democratie, built in 1904, made a
trip to the United-States in 1909. The Patrie and
Republique were built in 1903 and 1902 respec-
tively. All five are 14,900 tons. In artillery they
carry the same heavy guns as the new coming
English ships, that is to say four 30.5 cm
cannon. But the Verit, justice and Demo-
cratie carry ten 19.4 cm guns in second line,
whereas the English ships have 12 15 cm guns
at disposal.
An idea.
It is interesting enough to hear that the
aged french war unit Jaurguiberry, twenty
two years old, is to be sent to take part in
the coming attack.   This would seem    to
confirm the inpression which some people
have, that the Allies are prepared to sacrifice
a lot of old and out of date warships in
order to act as buffers for the few newer
ones, to which would be confided that
actual forcing of the Dardanelles. This might
possibly be the case, otherwise it is difficult
to account for the Majestic, twenty years old;
the Irresistible, 17 years old; the Ocean,
17 years old; the Prince George, 20 years
old; the Charlemagne, 20 years old; and
the Gaulois, and the Bouvet, 19 years old;
appearing as units in the joint fleet.
The newest ship, in fact the only really
quite modern ship of the whole combined
fleet is the Queen Elizabeth, not yet two
years afloat, armed with eight 38.1 cm big
guns and sixteen 15.2 cm with a tonnage of
28,500.  She is the absolutely latest and
best the British admiralty can show for active
work and, it is stated that she has been
somewhat badly mauled about in the first
bombardment. The English might replace
her with the Warspite, a sister ship, launched
about one month after the Queen Elizabeth,
that is to say in November of 1913.
The impression.
As may be imagined, the impression
created by the failure of the efforts of the
combined fleets has been very great. The
Greeks, for instance, are congratulating them-
selves heartily upon the cleverness of the
King whereby they were kept out of the
fight. For as one of the Greek papers
remarks, "Had we taken part in the bom-
bardment we would probably have lost most
of our warships." And Greece has only just
enough battle 'ships at command to hold
the Turks in check. A few units gone, and
Turkey would hold them on the seas.
The English lay claim to having done
prodigious damage to the fortresses- of the
Dardanelles. That the Turks deny in the
most positive manner, and they bring the
evidence of independent witnesses to back
what they say, to the effect that the forts arc
intact.. The Athens correspondent of the
Corriere della Sera affirms that the forts are
absolutely intact. The Constantinople Corres-
pondent of the Frankfurter Zeitung asserts,
in most positive manner, that no damage
has beendone.
Rather Suspicious.
Indeed the English Admiralty reports
appear highly suspicious. It is affirmed that
the news of great loss of life and damage
to the forts, was brought by the English
Consul 'at the Dardanelles, who had been
ordered to leave at once, and had arrived
on board one of the English warships after
packing and getting away in haste.  Such
evidence cannot be very reliable.
Even the Marine Correspondent of the
London Times appears to be doubtful as to
the Admiralty reports of wholesale damage
done to the forts, for he writes:--"It is
noteworthy, that the report of the Admiralty
of the 8th of March tells, that forts L and U
were silenced on the 6th and 7th, and that
fort I hadcheen demolished on the95th. And
yet, on the Thursday (the 8th March) those
torts were able to reply to our fire.  Na-
turally, to a certain degree, the defenders
might have been able to replace their cannon
by motor howitzers and field batteries. Also,
the forts might have ceased firing to induce
the ships to approach nearer, in order that
they might come under fire. And, in truth,
on the Thursday many batteries, which it
was supposed had been disposed of, de-
veloped renewed activity."
The Turks delighted.
In the meanwhile, according to accounts
received from many quarters, the Turks are
quite delighted with the way the forts have
sustained the attack, and the spirit of con-
fidence and, optimism runs high in the Army
and Navy departments in Constantinople,
and there is but one sentiment heard re-
garding  the   proposed  renewed   attack,
namely, "Let them come, and they will get
a still warmer reception than last time."
There is one dominating hope amongst the
Turks and i is, that the enemy should only
be obliging < migh to land large bodies of
troops. So far there are about a couple of
army corps of mixed troops, that the allies
have brought to Lemnos.    If with such
small forces they expect to land on Turkish
soil, they are doomed to a worse defeat of
their troops, than that which their navies
have already suffered.
Count Andrassy visiting Berlin.
His meetings with prominent German
statesmen.
Count Julius Andrassy, while in Berlin last
week, attended the session of the Reichstag.
Dr. Helfferich, the German secretary of the
Treasury, called upon Count and Countess
Andrassy in their box to pay his respects to
the Hungarian statesman. After adjournment
Mr. K empf, the president of the Reichstag,
received the Count and the latter was
introduced to a number of prominent dele-
gates of all parties.  Later he was received
at the Foreign Office by Herr von Jagow,
the secretary of State.
Amongst prominent personages the Count
met during his stay in Berlin are Prince
Hatzfeldt, Prince Schenaich-Carolath, Count
Posadowsky,   Count   Monts   and   many
others.  Count Andrassy   announced   his
intention of stopping in Berlin for another
week.
Birth of Brunswick Prince.
A second son was born yesterday to the
Duke and Duchess of Brunswick. The Duke
of Brunswick, who is the son of the Duke
of Cumberland married Princess Victoria
Luise, only daughter of the German Emperor
in 1913. An heir to the Brunswick Throne
was born on March 18th, 1914.
Hotel Brun
Bologna
J. F. Frank, Prop.
)Yterau Scuth-lyrol
best situation in large Park.
I


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