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White, C. (ed.) / The continental times: special war edition
No. 1067. Vol. XX. No. 75| No. 1068. Vol. XXI. No. 1 (December 30, 1914| January 4, 1914)

The continental times: special war edition, No. 1067, Vol. XX, No. 75, December 30, 1914


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An American Ne wspaper in Europe
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Special War Edition
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WONFSDAVDCEMBER 30, 1914.
ROTTERDAM   LUCERNE   BERIIN
,                                                                               -
GENEVA  VIENNA RONL
Xo.T     I XT %Vol. XX - No. 1t
I
I
Mr. Impudence!
The Right Honorable Winston Churchill once more indulges in impertinent suggestions
regarding Germany.
A "Jam             Pot Politician."
He professes to think that the hatred of England by Germany, is due to fear.
The true reasons!
dar News.
.. Lv enber 28th. The enemy re-
d his attacks at Nieuport, supported
y his warships, without success. Several
ihabitants of Westende were killed by
Thells from the warships. An attempt
ui the French to take by assault the
arm of St. Georges (which according to
heir official report is supposed to be
ready in their possession) failed like-
wise. The Germans stormed a trench
Of the enemy's near Ypres, making a few
cores of prisoners  French attacks at
/.rras,Verdun and Sennheim were checked.
e German advance on the left bank
11, Vistula is continuing.
. T. B. December 29th. Several suc-
s in minor fights are reported from
Cuport and Vpres. French attacks by
ong forces at Saint Menehould were
,pulsed.  The enemy suffered severe
sses; several hundred prisoners were
Kade by the Germans. A German attack
the forest of Bruld near Apremont
s ,ulted in a French trench being taken
d 3 machine-guns captuied. French
tacks at Sennheim  were repulsed. In
eC Bzura- -and Rawka District the Ger-
an forces are still gaining ground. Sharp
ussian attacks were repulsed at Inowlodz.
Vienna. December 28th. The Austrian
rces north of the Dukla Pass took new
usitiuns nearer the Carpathian ridge.
etwen Biala and Dunajec Russian attack
led.
The "Breslau" Again.
.uistantinople, December 28th. It has
one known, that the Turkish cruiser
icn attacked a Russian fleet of war
lips and put them to flight was the
cruiser Afidilli (formerly Breslau).
Another Turkish Victory.
qonstantinople, December 28th. Tur-
ii forces defeated the Russians in the
Murad Valley. 2 Guns, I machine-gun
'11d other War material, 36 mules and
!5 horses were captured and 7 officers
96 men made prisoners.
English Destroyer Wrecked.
London, December 28th. An English
O'stroyer was thrown upon a rock off
t. Andrews (Scotland) during a gale.
crew was saved.
Fraice Calls up Last Line
of Reserves.
ilano, December 28th. France has
to the front Territorial Reserves,
'  have been trained in the South.
Portuguese at War?
adrid, December 28th. Though Por-
I has not yet declared war on Ger-
any, a Portuguese force crossed tre
ontier of German South-West-Africa
om   Angola.  The Portuguese   were
tacked by a German force and driven
ack into Portuguese territory. There
icy tried to hold the fortified place of
aulila; the German attack however was
A.dertaken with such force, that they
idto evacuate Naulila.
.gish L.8S Ol1 Cuxhavet
sterdam,  December  28 th.  The
bli Admiraity announces that three
Inglish airmen, who had dropp d bombs
u the German   coast re*urned aboard
:e submarines by which they had een
aved, their machines having fallen into
-;e sea. One airman is missing. Ihe
ieck of his machine was sighted off
ligoland.
'ngLish iesses ini South Africa.
Amsterdam, December 26th. Daily Tele-
raph reports from Johannesburg that
otha's troops have lost already 124 men
iled, 267 wounded    and  332 taken
soners by the Germans. The losses
the rebel forces are said to number
70 nen dead and 300 wounded.-lf we
ad believed al former reports of the
,ines, Daily elegraph and other English
apers, we should wonder what has
come of all the thousands of other
-ebels," who have been reported as dead
wounded during the last two months.
.rican Ambassador Repudiated
shington, December  27th.   The
tary of State, Mr. Bryan, declared
. all steps by the American Ambassa-
r at Brussels, having for their object
reduction of the Belgian war con-
ihution, have been taking iiiofficiaily
id without permission by the American
ment.
Those German Mines
, December 29th. Corriere deHa
ports from London that another
wegian steamer was blown up by
mine off Scarborough. A few minutes
ter an English steamer met the same
e, followed by a Dutch merchaniman
ad finally by a Danish ship. Two English
hips were already lost in the attempt
) fish up the mines recently laid by
<erman cruisers.
Once more, the Right Honorable
Winston Churchill has made a great
mistake!  In a letter to the Mayor of
Scarborough, the British first Lord of
the Admiralty, whilst seeking to exon-
erate the British Navy for its laxity, in
allowing an attack upon the English
coast by German cruisers; subscribes to
the foolish, quite uncalled for and totally
untrue remark, that the hatred of Ger-
many for the English, is merely the
outcome of fear. This is on a par, with
Mr. Churchill's remark, made in a public
speech, to the effect that the English
would force the Germans to bring their
fleet out, like a rat out of its hole.
He is quite wrong.
As one, knowing Germany and the
Germans better than most foreigners,
I would like to tell the Right Honorable
Mr. Churchill that he is quite wrong,
and that he is misleading the Mayor of
Scarborough and his countrymen in
general, in saying that the hatred of the
Germans for the English is inspired by
a fear of the former for the latter. Mr.
Churchill, knows quite well that in
making such a statement he is not
telling the t'uth.  But, as a politician,
he is quite reckless, and, with an utter
disdain for the public, believes that he
can "fool" the people all the time. And
he "fools" them.
Mr. A. J. Balfour, when Prime Minister,
characterised Mr. Churchill as "The Jam
Pot Politician".
Peck's had boy.
He is in truth the "Peck's bad boy"
of the Liberal cabinet. Always in trouble
himself and for ever getting his colleagues
into trouble. At one moment, it fell to
his lot, to occupy for a brief period, the
position of leader of the House of
Commons, because all other ministers
were temporarily absent. The effect was
immediate, and before long, there was
well nigh a state of riot in the legislative
chamber, so offensive did Churchill make
himself. He blurts out, in public, the
first thing that comes to his lips, with
schoolboy naivet6. Since his incoming
into the Admiralty, he has set everyone
at loggerheads. Under his guidance the
British Navy has played a miserable rble
in this war and his grotesque expedition
to Antwerp, and his utter failure to make
good his boasts and promises there, is
fresh in the memory of 11.
Mr. Churchill has the fullest belief
that impudence will carry anyone any-
where and overcome all difficulties. His
motto is is "Impudence and lots of it!"
Arid on that he has acted through life.
That may go down with the English,
but not with the Germans.
I o say that the dislike of the Germans
for the English, is the outcome of fear,
and Mr. Churchill daring to tell the
Mayor of Scarborough so, is a fine
samlple of the First Lord's ruling spirit
of impudence. Its "colossal impertinence!"
Why England is hated.
Undoubledly te hatred of the German
for the English is acute, even to the
point of fierceness. That hatred comes
from many causes, but tear is most
certainly not amongst them. Here are
some of those reasons, for the benefit
of the English, who might be misled
by Mr. Churchill's definition.7
In the first place, every German, from
the highest to the least one, is fully
convinced that England is responsib'e
for the present war and all its terrible
resu'ts. Had there been any doubt of
that, it has been fully shown since the
commencement of the war by secret
papers found in Brussels, which clearly
revealed a secret understanding betweetn
England . and Belgium, with a view to
crushing Germany in case of war.
Every German is fully aware 9f King
Edward's policy for the isolation of er-
many and the determination of Great
Britain to crush German trade and reduce
jermany to impotency, as a business rival.
No German can ever forget or forgive
the shameful personal attacks made upon
the German Emperor, in the British press,
ever since the commencement of the
war, and not only jn the press, but by
mntmbers of the British cabinet. Mr.
Lloyd George, Mr. Asquith and Mr.
Churchill bimself, have all permitted
themselves in public speech to attack
the German Emperor. Can anyone here,
for a moment, picture to himslf, a Ger-
man minister of State, permitting himself
to take the Emperor of Russia or King
George of England to task, Have we
found any responsible daily paper, calling
either  of  those  Monarchs    names
Certainly not! It is not possible.  But
in Enland such fnings take place.
British  sta  n an       English
papers have per ned themselves, without
any proof what ever, to denominate
the Germans as liunns, Barbarians and
worse.   The British press has, either
through ignorance, or more probably
with intention, spread over the world
the most malicious and scandalous re-
ports concerning Germany. It has sought
to brand this highly civilised and well
ordered country; which can stand as a
model to the world; with the marks of
shame, bloodthirstiness and depravity.
But perhaps of all those causes which
make the Germans hate the British the
most, is the ihypocrisy of England in
professing to go to war in the cause
of civilisation, whilst calling to her aid
hosts of barbaians, such as Hindus,
Pathans,  Sikhs4  Fiji Islanders,  and
Japanese.   To the German  mind, this
idea of bringing in Asiatics to fight
against civilised races, is an insult to
humanity which can never be forgotten
by the Teutons. There is nothing which
makes the German soldiers so indignant,
as  finding themselves having to fight
against black soldiers, mercenaries in
English pay.
The above are some of the reasons
why the hatred of the German for the
English  has -become relentless.  That
dislike is such, that it has almost nulli-
fied and absorbd all other enmities.
Fear of the English by the Germans,
does not exis. extept in the disordered
brain of Mr. lurchill. But fear of the
Germans, arUi     to a frier of mine,
who has ju    n e back from  London,
is as a perp   nightmare in England.
"The Englis ti   said that friend, when
I asked him to define the spirit existing
in Great Britain, "are in state balancing
between two sentimnents, egregious vanity
on the one iand, abject fear on the
other!"
Why Germany must win!
The Kaiser, Bethnann Hollweg, Hindenburg,
Prince v. Builow, Herr Ballin and others
tell the reason why.
In Germany every man, woman and
child is united in the one great desire
for the victory of their country, and
there are none here who can for one
moment imagine that the troops of the
Fatherland can come out of the present
fight any other than victoious. That
feeling so stiong amongst the people,
is reflected, even in a more intense form
amongst the troops at the front and
everyone coming back fronm the fighting
lines tells of te immense enthusiasm
of the troops.
I have collected a few of the defini-
tions of leading personalities, upon the
question of "Why Germany must win!"
The Emperor William, for instance
says that Germany must surely win,
"On account of the unshaken will of
the people to win and their utmost faith
in the righteousness of the cause they
are defending", also, "on account of
the strength of their arms and the feeling
hat &iod ,is  hih em"7 Prince Bilow
has said: "We shall win, because we
must win.   Germany has never been
defeaed by the enemy when united and
never in the course of her long and
changing history, was she so united
as now." Reichskanzler Bethmann-Holl-
weg considers that Germany must win,
because of her financial and military
strength and' the perfection of her or-
ganisation  together  with the  perfect
unity of the people to support the
government.     I
Field Marshal v. Hindenburg is con-
yinced that the victory in the end must
come   to the  nation  which  has the
strongest nervgs and those nerves he
considers belong to the Germans.
Sven Hedin feels sure that the Ger-
mans must wiln, otherwise Europe lies
open to the domination of the Slav and
the Yellow  races. He sys: "Germany
is fighting for a high ideal, not for
acquisition, money or vengeance. Ger-
many will win on all fronts!"
The clear-headed president of the
Hamburg   Amernca  line, Herr Ballin,
says thAt Germany must win "Because
of the thorough sntiment of victory
existing and her wondrously directed
strength."
What Grey Left Undone.
PLan Talk qy English Author.
[- I As shown before, +here exist
a certain number of men in English
public life who are fully convinced of
Lngland's complicity in the outbreak ot
the war.  By a sure if slow, process
these  denunciations  are  multiplying.
They are uttered by men of strength
and determination who deem it their
patriotic 'duty to disclose to their country-
men the unpleasant truth. The English
government dares not muzzle them. The
latest contribution comes from that well-
known author, H. N. Brailsford and is
published by the "Labour Leader" under
the heading: "Who is responsible?"
By way of an introduction the article
in question contains a translation of the
report (withheld from publication in
England up to now) forwarded by the
Belgian Charg d'Affaires in Petersburg
to his government.   That report was
drafted on the 30th. July and in conse-
quence of the outbreak of the war,
seized by the German postal authorities.
Bralsford lays stress upon the statement
by the Belgian diplomatist to the effect
that the promise of English assistance
turned the scales in favour of the Russian
war party. Brailsford then proceeds to
ask why peace was preserved after all
in the Bosnian crisis of 1908, and why,
on the other hand the Servian crisis of
194 resulted in the world war. The
answer is simplicity itself. In 1908 Sir
Edward Grey told Russia quite plainly
that England did not wish to become
involved in a war through a Balcans affair,
while in 1914 he did nothing of the sort.
This, it is explained, is due to the fact
that between 1908 and 1914 the Franco-
Russian alliance was knit more closely
and that the Anglo-Russian and Franco-
English ententes assumed a much more
positive and intimate character.
Brailsford next goes into the question
whether, at the psych-logical moment
the English Foreign Office took any
measures calculated to preserve peace.
He answers the question with an em-
phatic "No." It did not prevent Russia
from committing acts of provocation,
although it would have been in a posi-
tion to do so.
The article continues to this effect:
British diplomats knew exactly where
the danger was. With the greatest fer-
tility and ingenuity they submitted one
compromise after the other-but they left
undone what really mattered. They took
no real steps to prevent or put off
the Russian mobilisation. We find that
on the 25th July our Ambassador gave
Mr. Sassonoff a warning of what has
actually happened - "that if Russia
mobilises Germany will not confine
herself to mere mobilisation or leave
Russia time to finish hers, but will
probably declare war at once." On that
very day Russia decided on the mobi-
lisation. Even had the character of the
danger not been perfectly clear by then,
t was made so by the full particulars
supplied by the German Chancellor in
his interview with our Ambassador, in
which he said that the danger would
arise in the event of Russia not only
mobilising in the south against Austria,
but also in the north against Germany.
Even that warning was left unheeded
and in the night from 30th to 31st.
July the fateful order to mobilise in the
north was issued. At each interview
between Sir George Buchanan and Mr.
Sassonoff  our  Ambassador    warned
and pleaded. At last (on the 27h July)
Ihe  was told that the   mobilisation
would take place in due course. Then
there was yet time for Sir Edward
Grey to speak. There was a formula that
could have preserved peace, viz.: "If you
mobilise against Germany before all re-
sources of diplomacy are exhausted we
shall look upon you as the aggressors
and shall not permit one single man or
ship to assist you."  That word Sir
Edward Grey did not speak, nor anything
similar. The English White Book shows
that Sir Edward Grey was successful
in many respects.   He induced Uer-
many to exercise pressure on Austria
at ihe eleventh hour. He induced Austria
to give up at the eleventh hour the main
point in dispute. But he failed after all and
could not preserve peace because he would
not or could not control Russia.  The
moment Russia took the fateful provo-
cative measure she did so with the con-
viction that our support was guaranteed.
Nothing was done or said to make such
support dependent upon Russia's willing
ness to serve the cause of peace. Thus
it is that our diplomacy bears part of
the responsibility for the joint crime.
Sir Edward Grey saw at last how the
group system had prepared the great
danger. He saw a way of escape in
1i 91   k   l ,an At,2  i i a.i n  IA  A rl asIn f  ftg , A. .2A .1q,  I :  glptare ant% nt
he Cotiental' times is tretl   to gihe i lu oimaion churely Iree of chage with regard to boaruing
wuduuaby
Friday
The   Hypocris      of Rhelms.
English Officer on the Military Use of
Tall Buildings.
Cologne Cathedral's Turn May Come!
An officer in the Royal Field Artillry
writes in the London "Times":
Still in the same position. We have
been here ever since we arrived, except
for a three-day  rest.  We do a bit of
shooting most days and nights, but doubt
if we do any considerable damage except
by chance now and then. Shrapnel 's
pretty useless against decent trenches
unless one enfilades them. The main
German trench opposite to and some 400
yards from ours, is said to be 12ft deep,
and covered with logs, straw, and mud.
I heard some one say thit he believed
the Germans brought their ammunition
there on horses. At one place opposite
us the German trench is 25 yards from
ours. Old tins of bully beef can be thrown
across, and if they are old enough they
might explode, and then again they might
not ! An infantry regiment in the trenches
there rushed it the other night and tried
to fill it in. The half did so, but one lot
of the party missed the end of the trench
and pushing on too far got heavily pu-
nished.
Nearly all these attacks take place at
night, and searchlights and rockets are
employed a good deal. At present we are
not the object of severe pressure, con-
sequently the only Germans I have seen
are the heads and shoulders of cold-
looking"Boches"in theirforward trenches.
No masses of grey coats struggling shoul-
der to shoulder over heavy squashy plough
or fields of roots. I have been able to
pick up the flashes of two of the enemy's
batteries. One was out of range of us,
and the other I did not pick up till nearly
dark, and owing to misunderstandings
over the telephone the battery never got
on to it. Very disappointing!
Every third day (subalterns take it in
turns) I go out to a two-storeyed house
about a mile and a half in front of the
battery and 600 yards from the nearest
German trench. It is a magnificent house
with eight or nine bedrooms, and beau-
tifully, although rather gaudily, furnis-
hed. It is of course badly knocked about
by shell fire, as it is full in view of the
German batteries; everything inside is
pulled inside out and upside down. As
for shooting at church towers and steeples,
and in fact any high buildings, it is vital.
It is nonsensical to complain of the de-
struction of large buildings, whether town
halls, churches, o factories, when in the
contested area. We do it as much as the
Germans do, and observing officers of
both sides use these same buildings to
direct their artillery fire on those of the
other. It happens to be in France now,
but later on it may well be Cologne Cathe-
dral. We had better not shout too loud
now or we shall merit the epithet hypo-
c ite later on. After all one's country's
interests and the lives of men must to
the soldier come before art and beauty.
Amelican Commerce and the War.
Englands   interference  with  neutral
commerce has roused strong feelings in
the  United States.  According  to the
New York jou'nal of Commerce the De-
partment of State is flooded with protests
by exporters of meat who are prevented
to ship to Holland.    This is not an
isolated case. The Washington Corre-
spondent of the Times wrote to his
paper about pressure put upon Congress
by copper-, wool-, rubber- and other
interests.  All these industries are em-
bittered by England's arbitrary actions
and ask for redress.  The American re-
presentatives of the English press, who
can see the temper of American in-
dustrial and commercial circles rising,
fear a serious reaction from the hitherto
anglophile leanings of the States.  The
economic interests which suffer under
England's "rule of the waves" are in-
deed enormous. Cotton exports, for in-
stance, have decreased by 87 million
Dollars in October last as against the
exports in October 1913 and the total
exports of the United States sank from
271 million Dollars in October 1913 to
156 milions in October 1914.     These
material factors may strongly influence
the sentiments of the American people.
The United States have hitherto ab-
stained from joining the action of the
three  Scandinavian  countries, but  it
would not be in accordance with Ame-
rica's position as a world power, if she
would leave all initiative to three small
European States.
the creation of a concert,  It was too
late.  Neither  he, nor  France  could
emancipate themselves from the principle
"right or wrong - my ally."
I
No. 1067. Vol. XX. No. 75.
Establil~amellLS (Mfe LI)  0prA~L  Jii  0O S  OL  ( . ~


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