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White, K. (ed.) / The continental times: special war edition
No. 1034. Vol. XX. No. 42 (October 9, 1914)

The continental times: special war edition, No. 1034, Vol. XX, No. 42, October 9, 1914

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Leslie 0. Bissell, Ph.D. K r1 4UNIC48PR1E-RLItN                                                                                               NE19W 5tOSRee
No. 1034. Vol. XX. No. 42.  BERLIN. FRIDAY- OCTOBER 9. 1914.                            G;eC         BERLIN           NWYOR
_Austria 20 Iieller.;
Antwerp in Flames.
The Germans have during the last few
days gained such advantage over the
Belgian and English troops that they
were able to direct the fire of their heavy
mortars on Antwerp itself. The town
is burning in several places and the
terrified population flees across the Dutch
frontier. The Commander will not be
able to hold the town for long.  He
might only try to provide for the escape
of the Army.
The largest Battle to Come.
The Russian forces have now taken
position with their centre along the
Vistula in Poland, their right wing near
East Prussia, their left wing in Galicia.
According to English reports the Russians
number about 100 divisions, the allied
German and Austrian Armies 8 divisions.
In the battle, which may start at any
moment there will be about 21/2 million
men fighting against each other.
Will Portugal fight?
It is reported that under the pressure
of the British Government Portugal will
declare war on Germany. There is eveiy
probability for Englands action being
influenced by Ex-king Manoel, who
wants to take this chance of re-estab-
lishing himself again on the Portuguese
Throne. Though what Portugal has to
win by a war is difficult to understand.
She cannot burden herself with more
Colonies. Is it Money?
Holland's Neutrality.
His Excellency Rudolph von Rappard,
the Dutch Ambassador in Washington,
declared that his Governments intention
was to strictly remain neutral. Holland
has mobilized 300,000 men of her Army
for the defence of her frontiers. The
Ambassador declared  all reports  of
breaches of Dutch neutrality by German
troops for untrue. No German soldier
has during the advance of the German
Armies touched Dutch soil. The German
respect for Dutch neutrality went so far
that new roads have been laid through
swampy districts, as His Excellency
himself had occasion to observe. The
Ambassador further expressed his fear
of the war becoming a long drawn-out
English Repo ts of French Atrocities.
English papers have been filled lately
with stories of alleged atrocities com-
mitted  by  Germans.   The   London
"Globe" at least publishes reports also
of deeds of barbarism by the allied
black  troops  of France.  The  war
correspondent  of  the "Globe"   has
met a Senegalese riflemen, who wore
a necklet of ears, cut off the heads of
German soldiers.  Another Senegalese
showed the blood-covered head of a
Getman Ulan. A Turco was put with
4 wounded Germans in a compartment
of a Red Cross train. When the surgeon
in command looked through the window
some time afterwards, the savage had
strangled the four Germans. Will moral
England protest against such atrocities,
which are proved by an Englishman?
Dr. Sven Hedi at the Front.
Dr. Sven Hedin, the famous explorer
stays as guest of the Kaiser at the
Headquarters of the German Armies in
the West. Dr. Hedin has received per-
mission to inquire into all reported cases
of "German atrocities" and to write
impartial reports on the military situation.
The assassin-major Tncosic.
Major Tancosic, who was one of the
originators of the plot against Archduke
Francis Ferdinand has taken part at the
head of a band of Komitatjis in the
fighting along the Drina; he was killed
by a bullet in the same battle, in which
Prince George of Servia was wounded.
The Catholic Albanians for Austria.
Inspite of the cutting off of the Austrian
News Service, the Catholic Albanians
side with Austria and her German Ally.
Divine Service is held in the churches,
at which prayers are offered and Holy
Communion taken for the victory of the
Austrian troops.
English Women praise Tieatient
in Germany.
About 400 English, Australian, Cana-
dian and South-African women and girls,
who returned to England testify the
polite and civil treatment they have met
with during their seven weeks involuntary
stay in Germany. They especially ack-
nowledge the friendly advice and help
given by the American Ambassador in
Wilson's Answer to the German
President Wilson's answer to the
German Emperor's telegram has now
been published. The President says:
I have received Your Imperial Majesty s
important communication of September,
7th and have read it with greatest in-
terest and sympathy.  I feel lionoured
by your resolve to turn to me as the
representative of a nation, which is truly
disinterested in this war, but has the
ardent desire to know and to consider
the truth.
You will, I am sure, not expect me
to say more.  I pray to God that this
war may be finished soon.   The day
of reckoning will come-as I am sure-
when the nations of Europe will meet
to end their feud.  Where wrong has
been done, th consequences will not
fail !o come and the guilty will have
to bear the responsibility. Happily, the
the nations of the world have agreed
that such reckoning must take place.
As far as such plan is not fully
sufficient, the  opinion  of mankind,
the last tribunal for all such things,
will step in. It would be unwise, it
would be too rash for a single Govern-
ment, even if they should be in the
favourable position of standing afar from
this present struggle - it would even
be not in accordance with the neutral
posit on of a nation, which as this one
does not participate in the war, to form
a definite judgment now or to express it.
I am speaking frankly, because I know
you expect me and desire me to speak
as a friend to a friend and  because
I am sure that a reservation of judg-
ment until the end of the war, when
all events and circumstances in their
full light and in their true relation may
be seen, will recommend itself to you
as the true expression of honest neu-
trality.    (signed) Woodrow Wilson.
Eleanor Spencer's Views.
Miss Eleanor Spencer, the wellknown
American artist in New York, says about
the war:
"I am shocked at the attitude of the
American newspapers towards Germany.
As you know I lived in Germany con-
tinuously for ten years, and I think I
have come to know the German people
pretty well.  They have always been
peace - loving, and their armament for
many years was due a'one to their po-
sition geographically. The Germans did
not want war. But the spiit of defen-
ding the Fatherland has arisen and now
they will fight to the last to keep intact
the German Unity established by Bis-
marck. Perhaps when we get the real
facts of the struggle there will be a more
generous and sympathetic attitude shown
by our newspapers."
Americas Advice to England.
American business men have been
extemely annoyed about the way, in
which England dealt with neutral shipp-
ing. A friendly hint is given in the New
York "World" which says, it would be
a good policy on Englands part to stop
capturing neutral ships near the American
3-mile limit, sometimes so near that
English officers are really within that
limit The practice of arresting passengers,
going to New York, under the pretence,
they might try to find a chance for
returning to Germany from the United
States, is also condemned. It has become
known that this article was inspired
from  Washington,  as the   American
Government would    not like to take
diplomatic steps in London for this
160 OLO Japanese to help the
Entente Powers.
Official reports have been received in
New York, according to which 40000
Japanese have been landed at Danij on
the Yellow Sea waiting to be transported
to the German and Austrian frontiers
via Siberia. 2000 men are on the way
to India to take the place of Indian
troops which have been sent to Fiance.
They may also be used against Turkey,
if this State should join Germany and
Austria. Another .100000 Japanese are
held in readiness to be used partly in
Russia and partly in France.
American Red Cross Missions
in the Field.
30 Surgeons and 120 Nurses have
arrived from New-York to work in
5 detachements with the German, French,
Belgian, English and Russian Armies
during  the  war.  All Surgeons  are
officers of the American Army.
Splendid Flight of Austrian Airman.
An Austrian officer with passenger
made a flight from Headquarters to the
fortress of Przemysl, which is closed in
by the Russians.   When nearing the
Russian lines, the aeroplane came under
shrapnel fire from the Russian batteries
and the planes were pierced in three
places. The officers, however succeeded
in reaching Przes:  where they had to
land in an extremely steep angle. The
return-flight was even more dangerous,
as the small space available for getting
up, was in the Russian fire-zone. The aero-
plane was hit by eight pieces of shrapnel.
After  passing fhe  Russian  lines, a
snow-storm drove the machine several
times out of its course and as a last
accident the benziie-tube broke and had
to be closed by the passenger with his
hand. The return-journey took 4 hours
to accomplish.
A Comiparison.
In the financial pt riodical "Bankarchiv"
Dr. Helfferich, Director of the Deutsche
Bank, has a few  interesting things to
say regarding the 4'/2 milliards marks
of Imperial German War Loan subscribed:
"The 41 2miliards marks are a record
amount of all financial transactions ever
as yet carried out anywhere in the world,
the previous record being been cosily
held by the war contribution of 4 mil i-
ards marks levied on France (in 1871).
The 4 milliards marks of the French war
contribution took' 2/2 years to collect,
whereas the German war loan, which
is bigger by '/ milliard will have been
paid up by the German people in as
mony months. Fu'thermore France only
had to find the 4 milliards after peace
bad been reestabli.hed whereas the Ger-
man war loan is issued in the thick of
the war. To wind up, the subscription
of the French 4 milliards was strongly
supported by fore n countries, particu-
larly by the .;E-i -rke, hereas
the German 41/ milnards marks represent
the exclusive effort of the German people,
an  appeal to even neutral countries
having been studiously avoided.
Talking of the present war only,
Germany's enemies cannot show any-
thing even remotely approaching the
above feat. England has found so far 900
million marks. France in hoping to find
money is meeting with great difficulties,
negotiations with American Houses have
failed and as yet a mere 40 million
marks have been secured in England,
while on the other hand the authorities
could not make up their minds to issue
an Internal Loan in view of the failure
of the Issue of 800 million Francs of
32 , Rente floated just before the war.
For a war lasting until the spring the
German Empire's monetary needs are
therefore covered, whereas in England
the anxiety as to the finding of the
financial means of war still lasts and in
France such anxiety grows more serious
every day.  If tre English Chancellor
of the  Exchequer with true    British
conceit has crowed that not the first
but the last milliard - which of course
is held by England! - would decide
the war, he at any note has to be satiesfied
that Germany leads to day by over three
milliards and over 4 milliards, as com-
pared with England and France respecti-
vely.  Let England and France try to
make up that lead.   Next to that we
shall be able to watch with equanimity
who finds the putting up of ony further
necessary milliarki_ the toughest job.
The launch of our war loan has not
been demonstrated to us by any one in
the world, and neither wil anyone find
it easy to copy us.
So far Dr. Helfferich. If Germany's foes
relied on any financial weakness on
her  part they  have  cleary  made a
grievous error.
America wants to develop
he r Shipping
Mr. Howe, the Commissioner of In-
migration, proposes in "The Journal of
Commerce " the establishment of Ame-
rican Free Ports, to support the deve-
lopment of Foreign sea traffic. One of
these ports should be situated in the
Gulf, one in Panama and one or two
on the Pacific Coast.
NAice to Aiericans.
The steamer "Red Cross" leaves Rot-
terdam for New York on October 12th.
Thirty berths 1. class (300 to 400 Marks)
may still be booked through the Ame-
rican Consulate-General, Friedrichstr. 61.
A German     Official communication.
The Copenhagen paper "Nationalti-
dende" publishes the following observa-
tions by the Secretary of State of the
German Foreign Office, Herr von Jagow,
which are intended as a reply to the
recently published conversation with the
English Foreign Undersecretary of State
Mr. Acland:
Undersecretary f Ste Acland asserts
that Englands intervention in the war is
due to Germany having violated the
neutrality of Belgium.  I cannot think
that high official of the Foreign Office
should be unaware of the declaration by
Sir E. Grey in his speech in the House
of Commons on August 3d, that he
had guaranteed to the French Ambassador
on the previous afternoon already (viz.
August 2nd.) the fullest support by the
English feet in the event of the German
fleet acting against the French coast
or French shipping, though Belgian
neutrality was broken by German troops
in the night from August 3nd. to 4th.
only   Neither can the Undersecretary
have forgotten that Sir E. Grey in his
conversation with Prince Lichnowsky on
August 1st expressly declined to let
Germany have a guarantee of the neutrality
of England upon the basis of Germany
respecting Belgiums neutra'ity. So it is
all just a fresh attempt, not even a
particularly clever one, to mislead the
world with regard to the motives at
the bottom of English participation
in the war.   Those motives are not
altruistic solicitude for the indepen-
dence and in tegrity of Belgium. That
integrity was not  threatened. We ex-
pressly assured England of it. But it is
palpoble that a country   which   has
built its colonial Empire upon the debris
of other states, a country, which, as it
did quite recently in Egypt, has fre-
quently ignored promises and international
treaties should not trust to such an
assurance. As a German proverb has
it: 'One does not suspect others behind
a bush, unless one has been behind it
oneself". That is how the booby of
German troops laying hold on Antwerp
turned up in the imagination of English
politicians, and in just the same way as
Sir E. Grey hlad promised English help
to France in the event of Calais or
Cherbourg being threatened by German
troops, the fear that part of the South
Channel might be torn from Belgiums
weakly hanus and become a basis of
operations for the German fleet caused
England not only to join in the war,
but to commit the fearful crime of
encouraging poor Belgium to resist the
German   entry.  So   the  attitude  of
England has solely been caused by the
unscrupled English egotsm, which is
responsible for the whole terrible war.
If to-day on the battle fields of the
Continent the sons of Germany, Austria,
France and Russia must give their
blood for their countries, the moral
responsibility  for  it all rests first
and foremost with the English line of
politics, which by relying on the formula
of the preservation of the European
balance kept on encouraging the jingo-
istic currents in France and Russia against
Germany and thereby conjured up a state
of tension on the continent, which has
seen its discharge in the presnt war.
It has always been the English policy
to set the Continental nations against
each other, in order to be able herself
to rule the world undisturbed.
Who are the Guilty Ones?
The "Matin" organised a prize contest
for aviators to the German frontier, and
emphasised that it wished to prepare
the French aviators in this way for an
attack on Germany. When the "Journal"
wished to arrange for a competitive
flight to Germany, and in connection
wth this, spoke strongly of its peace-
able character, an unprecedented agitation
started up aainst the proposal of the
'Journal", the result of whici was, that
the flight was not undertaken.   The
"Journal" stated that it had received
letters, in which there were threats that
all aviators flying to Germany would
be shot.
Whatever may be thought of Agadir
and its sequels, the agitation of the
"Matin" and that of Tardieu in the
"Temps", which was more dangerous
because caried on in a finer tone, pre-
ceded the Agadir affair.  The agitation
soon found a footing among the people;
it became popular. Cool-headed persons
were not wanting, but they were cried
down.   If they were anxious for their
political future; they kept their opinions
to themselves.  The fact that Caillaux
had concluded the Congo treaty, and
favoured  co6peration  with  Germany,
damaged him more than his income-tax
bill.  The extreme hate which pursued
him affected the shrewd politician, who
had seen that the salvation of France lay
in a friendly relation to Germany.  The
heat rose to the hoiling point, Millerand,
as war minister, introduced the public
militarytattoo to arouse the warlike feeling
of the populace. Every Saturday evening
regimental bands, accompanied by soldiers
carrying lanterns, paraded through the
streets of Paris; before them marched
an association of old and young sim-
pletons,  who  called  themselves  the
"friends of the tattoo", and who were
accustomed at the close to do homage
to the statue of the city of Strassburg.
In almost all theatres chauvinistic pieces
were produced; in all music halls and
variety shows scenes were brought on
and verses sung exhibiting hostility to
Germany. I recall especially the "Servir"
by Lavedan and the "Alsace" played by
Rejane. The propaganda carried on by
the Alsacians Wetterl, Preiss and Hack-
spil through public speeches, and by
Blumenthal, who constantly held in Paris,
secret meetings with leading personages,
was criminal; Herr Waltz, called Hansi
(in  France  named:   (le  bon  oncle
Hansi) mounted the first rounds of the
ladder of fame in France, which has
brought him this year, as is known, a
prize from the French Academy. Then
came the journey of the English .and
Russian generals to the Eastern frontier
of France. The visit of the grand duke
Nicholas Nicholajewitch and his duchess
to Nancy was especially dilated upon
in the newspapers. The roll which the
grand duke played, as leader of the war
party in Russia, is well known, and in
this he has been ably seconded in France
by his duchess. In the illustrated French
journals and in the kinematograph the-
atres a picture was shown, in which the
grand du :hess was represented as stan-
ding on a height in Lorraine, waving a
handkerchief towards the towers of Metz.
In the nationalist-clerical "Echo de Paris"
Herbette, the nephew   of the former
ambassador, published his articles on
foreign politics, which always closed
with the words: 'Germaniam esse de-
lenda n". The midday newspaper "Paris-
Midi" exhibited a grotesque hatred to-
wards Germany. This sheet belongs,
with several others, to the above men-
tioned Brenger, who became the pro-
prietor of a number of newspapers -
all of which, with the exception of
"Paris-Midi", met with little success-on-
ly that he might be in the position to
become "interested" for each one of his
publications, when a Russian or other
loan was to be placed on the market.
The editor, a Belgian by the name of
Karteuffel, who called himself however
Maurice de Valeffe, had demanded, several
weeks before Jaurbs was assassinated,
when the latter expressed himself at the
socialist congress against the participation
of the social democracy in a Franco-
German war, that the socialist leader
should be murdered.    The "Echo   de
Paris", with Karteuffel and the extremely
influential and privileged Tardieu, had
the fear that a possible radical ministry
could France to an understanding
with Germany, a result which they
dreaded, because it would put a stop
to their Russian subsidies. They there-
fore fought such an idea most vehemently.
The "danger" of an understanding
with Geimany was indeed no longer
present, for the Lothringian Poincard
had in the meantime become the Premier.
The intimate friends of Poincard knew
that his ambition was above all directed to
bringing, by force of arms, Alsace-Lorraine
again into the possession of France; it is
no wonder that under his administration
the influence of Iswolsky was yet more
strongly noticeable.  The Balkan  war
was politically and journalistically ar-
ranged for by Iswolsky and his French
vassals, among the latter being especially
Tardieu. One could read every evening
in the "Temps" the articles of Tardieu
which furnished its readers with the
warmed-over lucubrations of Iswolsky.
To be continued.
The Lastrian Point of View.
We draw the attention of our
readers to the back-page of to-days
"Continental Times," which contains
an article by Count Albert Apponyi,
on this question, published by
special permission.
The Continental Times can be obtained at all Kiosks and Railway Stations.
Kindly read our Advertisement Page.
Irinted b R.Saling & Co., BerlinbSW.68. Published by The Continental  Times G.m. b.Ui., Eelin W., Augsbui6ce Strasse 38  Respoi.Jble Editor, K. White,
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