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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
(1959)

Declaration regarding the defeat of Germany and the assumption of supreme authority by the Allied Powers, June 5, 1945,   pp. 13-18 PDF (2.3 MB)


Page 13

DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 1944-59
In the presence of:
On behalf of the                 On behalf of the
Supremse Commander               Supreme High Command
Allied Expeditionary Force       of the Red Army
A W   TEDDER                      G Z11UKoV
At the signing also were present as witnesses:
F. DE LATTuIE-TASSIGNY        CARL SPAATZ
General Commanding in Chief   General, Commanding United
First French Army             States Strategic Air Forces
Declaration Regarding the Defeat of Germany and the Assump-
tion of Supreme Authority by the Allied Powers, June 5,1945'
The German Armed Forces on land, at sea and in the air have been
completely defeated and have surrendered unconditionally and Ger-
many, which bears responsibility for the war, is no longer capable of
resisting the will of the victorious Powers. The unconditional sur-
render of Germany has thereby been effected, and Germany has become
subject to such requirements as may now or hereafter be imposed upon
her.
There is no central Government or authority in Germany capable
of accepting responsibility for the maintenance of order, the adininis-
tration of the country and compliance with the requirements of the
victorious Powers.
It is in these circumstances necessary, without prejudice to any
subsequent decisions that may be taken respecting Germany, to make
provision for the cessation of any further hostilities on the part of
the German armed forces, for the maintenance of order in Germany
and for the administration of the country, and to announce the imme-
diate requirements with which Germany must comply.
The Representatives of the Supreme Commands of the United
States of America, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United
Kingdom and the French Republic, hereinafter called the "Allied
Representatives," acting by authority of their respective Governments
and the interests of the United Nations, accordingly make the fol-
lowing Declaration:
The Governments of the United States of America, the Union of
Soviet Socialist Republics and the United Kingdom, and the Pro-
visional Government of the French Republic, hereby assume supreme
authority with respect to Germany, including all the powers possessed
by the German Government, the High Command and any state, mu-
nicipal, or local government or authority. The assumption, for the
purposes stated above, of the said authority and powers does not
effect the annexation of Germany.
The Governments of the United States of America, the Union of
Soviet Socialist Republics and the United Kingdom, and the Pro-
visional Government of the French Republic, will hereafter determine
LSenate Document No. 123, 81st Congress, list Session. A Decade of American
Foreign
Policy: Basic Documents (Washington, 1950), pp. 506-511
13


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