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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
(1959)

Protocol on zones of occupation and administration of the "Greater Berlin" area, September 12, 1944,   pp. 1-3 PDF (1.2 MB)


Page 1

DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY
1944-1959
Protocol on Zones of Occupation and Administration of the
"Greater Berlin" Area, September 12,19441
PROTOCOL BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENTS OF THE
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, THE UNITED KING-
DOM, AND THE UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUB-
LICS, ON THE ZONES OF OCCUPATION IN GERMANY
AND THE ADMINISTRATION OF "GREATER BERLIN".
The Governments of the United States of America, the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the Union of
Soviet Socialist Republics have reached the following agreement with
regard to the execution of Article 11 of the Instrument of Uncondi-
tional Surrender of Germany: 2
1. Germany, within her frontiers as they were on the 31st
December, 1937, will, for the purposes of occupation, be divided
into three zones, one of which will be allotted to each of the three
Powers, and a special Berlin area, which will be under joint occu-
pation by the three Powers.
2. The boundaries of the three zones and of the Berlin area,
and the allocation of the three zones as between the U.S.A., the
U.K. and the U.S.S.R. will be as follows:-
Eastern Zone (as shown on the annexed map "A")
The territory of Germany (including the province of East
Prussia) situated to the East of a line drawn from the point
on LUibeck Bay where the frontiers of Schleswig-Holstein
and Mecklenburg meet, along the western frontier of Meck-
lenburg to the frontier of the province of Hanover, thence,
along the eastern frontier of Hanover, to the frontier of
Brunswick; thence along the western frontier of the Prus-
sian province of Saxony to the western frontier of Anhalt;
'Treaties and Other International Acts Series 3071. The protocol was approved
by the
United States on February 2, 1945 ; the United Kingdom, December 5, 1944,;
and the Soviet
Union, February 6, 1945. The amendment of November 14, 1944 (infra), allocated
the
northwestern parts of Germany and Greater Berlin to the United Kingdom, established
the
Bremen enclave for the United States. and assigned the southwestern part
of Germany and
the southern part of Berlin to the United States. In accordance with the
Yalta Agreement
(infra) this protocol was further amended on July 26, 1945 to provide for
French occupa-
tion zones, both in Germany and in Greater Berlin (infra).
2 I.e. the draft surrender terms agreed upon in the European Advisory Commission
on
July 2b, 1944. The text of this draft instrument appears in Foreign Relations
of the
United States: The Conferences at Malta and Yalta, 1945, pp. 113-117. Article
11 read as
follows: "The Allied Representatives will station forces and civil agencies
in any or all
parts of Germany as they may determine." The draft instrument (amended
on May 1,
1945 to include France) was not used when Germany actually surrendered, but
was incor-
porated in large part into the Declaration Regarding the Defeat of Germany
and the
Assumption of Supreme Authority by the Allied Powers, June 5,, 194,5 (infra).
1


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