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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1898
([1898])

Reports of agencies in Idaho,   pp. 141-149 PDF (4.3 MB)


Page 141

REPORTS OF AGENCIES IN IDAHO.                     141 
REPORTS OF AGENCIES IN IDAHO. 
REPOIiT OF FORT HALL AGENCY. 
FORT HALL INDIAN AGENCY9 
Ross Fork, Idaho, August 30, 1898. 
SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of affairs at the Fort
Hall 
Indian Agency during fiscal year ended June 30, 1898. Having assumed charge
of this agency on June 7 last, my report may not cover all points essential,
though 
I have lived at Pocatello, within the limits of this reservation, for years,
and since 
my appointment have driven over the entire reservation, visiting the Indians
indi- 
vidually, learning their wants and their requirements. 
Reservation.-I learn from last year's report that my predecessor gave a descrip-
tion of this reservation, together with its resources, which I find correct,
and 
theretore unnecessary to repeat or comment upon. 
Census.-A careful census shows the following population: 
Bannolis:                                                221 
Males---221 
Females -209 
Males above 18 years of age             .138 
Females above 14 years of age -  .      .      .       163 
School children 6 to 16 years of age ..             -   67 
Shoshones: 
Males-----------------------..508 
Females------------------------------------------    4508 
Males above 18 years of age  -29.......3.               4 
Females above 14 years of age .0364 
School children 6 to 16 years of age                   220 
Bannocks ---------------------------------------------------  430 
Shosaones  -. . - -   . . . . .  .  . . .  . . .  . . .  1 ,016 
T otal  -  ------------- ------ ---- - - ------ - ---- ---- ----  1,446 
The above represents the true and correct number of Indians belonging to
this 
agency; and the difference between this and last years census is due to the
fact 
that during the past year about 30 Indians have been dropped from the rolls,
they 
having confessed to being enrolled at other agencies. Also the band of Camas
Jim, numbering about 35, and remaining permanently off the reservation near
Bliss, Idaho, have been dropped from the rolls in compliance with orders
from 
the Department. 
Habits and disposition.-The two tribes are distinct. The Bannocks as a rule
dislike to work, prefer to remember their warrior fathers, and think it disgraceful
to work. However, a considerable number of them are farmIng and raising cat-
tle. The Shoshones are quiet, and nearly all work at ranching, cutting hay,
and 
raising stock. The Indians of both tribes are temperate and moral people.
Very 
little trouble is given us by full bloods, but there are a number of half-breeds
who drink and carouse. purchase whisky openly in Pocatello, and cause most
of 
the trouble on the reservation. I have notified the United States district
attorney 
and marshal and asked for a deputy, but they fail or refuse to send one.
Agriculture and stock raising-There is much good farming and grazing land
on. 
the reservation and the Indians are fast improving their opportunities to
use it 
and make money. This year we have been bothered by a shortness of water.
All 
lands require irrigation, and if water runs short they come and want the
agent to 
furnish it. The agency is not supplied witi sufficient machinery to properly
care 
for the Indians' grain, and much grain is now ruining after it is ripe, for
want of 
cutting and thrashing. One binder, which was allowed early last spring, is
not 
yet here; we should have at least two more binders and a half dozen thrashers.
I find only one on the reservation, and that is at the school and not for
the use of 
the Indians. 
The.Indians seem to take a great interest in their cattle--raising, herding,
pro- 
viding hay and caring for them as well as the average white man. During the
ensuing year the Indians will furnish the Government with 1 50,000 pounds
of 
beef. The purchase of Indian cattle by whites without permission, I have
almost 
entirely stopped. The Indians still own vast herds of ponies which are almost
worthless, and which utilize a great portion of the grazing portion of the
reserva- 
tion. They think more of' one pony than ten steers, and I do not know any
way 


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