University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1884
([1884])

Reports of agents in New Mexico,   pp. 130-139 PDF (5.0 MB)


Page 130

130            REPORTS OF AGENTS IN NEW          MEXICO. 
e*nnot harmonize these two conditions of life. The result is almost a total
failure of 
the purposes of the Government. 
If Congress would be governed by the wise recommendation of the honorable
Inte- 
rior Department in connection with the honorable Commissioner of Indian Affairs
the 
present heterogeneous system (if I may be allowed to use the expression)
would give 
way to a more sensiblq, liberal, and humane policy, that would give peace
and con- 
tentment to the Indian, and soon Christianize and civilize him so that he
would be 
able to maintain himself and family. This condition of affairs has not been
brought 
about by the policy of your honorable Department, but wholly by the penurious
and 
insignificant appropriations made by Congress. The average Congressman knows
no 
more about the wants of the Indians necessary to his civilization than the
average 
Piute or Shoshone knows about constitutional law. 
REMOVAL TO FORT HALL. 
The Indians of this reservation feel very much pleased with the decision
of your 
honorable Department against their removal from this reservation to Fort
Hall, and 
allowing them to remain, notwithstanding the strong recommendation of Inspector
Benedict and Special Agent Beede to effect their removal. The decision of
your De- 
partment was a just and humane one, and I do sincerely hope they will be
allowed to 
remain upon this reservation until they shall have become qualified to support
a home 
for themselves and children. Captain Sam, Captain Charley, and Captain George,
and Captain Buck, with other headmen of this tribe, have frequently requested
me 
during the past summer that when I have a big paper talk with the big chief
at 
Washington that I say to him on their behalf "That they heap like, Duck
Valley - 
they no like go away from Duck Valley; they all born around Duck Valley and
Hum- 
boldt country; they like to stay and die at Duck Valley; they no like Fort
Hall; too 
many white men there; they no like the Bannocks; they steal their horses;
they no 
8abe Fort Hall Mountains to hunt and its rivers to fish.' They no want to
go away 
from here at all; they hope big chief at Washington bring no soldiers to
drive them 
away, but hope he will help them and be their friend, and by and by they
will be 
able to take care of themselves, and be no further trouble and expense to
their Great 
Father. All they ask is that white man leave them alone, and not remove them
any 
more, as they have been already removed twice." I do hope this simple
little appeal 
to a just, generous, and powerful Government will be heeded, and these poor
Indiana 
be let alone. I can bear testimony to their industrious habits and peaceable
dispo- 
sition. These people are strongly attached to the land of their birth and
to the hunt- 
ing-grounds and home of their fathers, whose graves are scattered from the
snowy- 
capped peaks of the Buneau to the Goshute, Humboldt, and Tybo ranges. 
During a residence of some thirty years upon this coast, I can safely and
conscien- 
tiously say that I have never come in contact with more docile or industrious
In- 
dians than those at this agency, particularly that portion of the tribe located
and 
known as the Shoshone proper, from their present advanced civilization in
the arts 
of industry. I have no doubt but a majority of the Indians of this reservation
will within three or four years more be able and willing to sever their tribal
relations, 
and be prepared to receive and locate upon a small portion or parcel of the
public 
land. This subject is often a matter of discussion among these Indians themselves,
and all of them that are advanced in civilization look forward to the time
when they 
shall be able to receive from the Government an allotment of land to establish
a home 
for themselves and their children, and receive a paper talk (as they put
it) from the 
Government that the land is theirs, and no white man can drive them away.
Total population remaining permanently on this reservation is about 300.
All of which is respectfully submitted. 
Very respectfully, 
JOHN S. MAYHUGH, 
Indian Agent, Western Shohone Agency, NVevada. 
The COMMISSIONER OF INDIAw AFFAIRS. 
UNITED STATES INDIAN SERVICE, 
MESCALERO AND JICARILLA AGENCY, 
South Fork, N. M., Aug. 15, 1884. 
SiR: In response to your ciresilar, dated July 1, last, I have the honor
to transmit 
my annual report and accompanying statistics: 
*This being my fourth annual report, I am in a position to state, with exactness,
the 
actual condition of the Indians of this reservation ; and in compliance with
your re- 


Go up to Top of Page