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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1884
([1884])

Reports of agents in Nebraska,   pp. 117-126 PDF (4.7 MB)


Page 117

. 117 
REPORTS OF AGENTS IN NEBRASKA. 
EDUCATION. 
The facilities of educating this people are not equal to the demand, hundreds
of 
dirty, ragged boys and girls running wild in camp, growing up in ignorance
and 
vice, that ought to be in school, but there is no provision made for them.
If they are 
wards of the Government the Government ought to provide for this great need.
It is 
an injustice to the Indian child to permit it to grow up in ignorance. The
Assina- 
boines at Wolf Point have long asked for a boarding school for their children.
They 
have a mission day-school, taught by Rev. G. V. Wood, supported by the Presbyte-
rian Board of Foreign Missions, who has worked hard for the best interests
of those 
people, and met with fair success. Rev. P. 0. Mathews, an educated Indian,
has 
charge of the Government day-school, and has more pupils than can be accommo-
dated. In connection with the school Mr. Mathews has planted and cultivated
10 
acres of ground, teaching the boys how to help themselves when out of school.
At 
Poplar Creek there is a mission day-school, taught by Miss Dickson and Miss
McCreight, 
under the supervision of Rev. M. E. Chapin, Presbyterian missionary. The
school 
has been well attended, and many of the scholars show a proficiency in the
Dakota, in 
which they are taught. The industrial boarding school, conducted by Rev.
I. T. 
Miller, has been well attended, more than could be well cared for. A new
corps of 
teachers throughout, some of them young and inexperienced, could not hope
to bb 
as successful as teachers of experience and adapted to the work. 
At Deer Tail's, 7 miles from the agency, a mission day-school was conducted
by 
Joseph Rogers, an Indian teacher, who made a success in his work. Also, -t
Lower 
Box Elder, a mission day-school was taught by Robert Hopkins, an Indiau man
of 
good standing among the Indians as well as the whites. 
COURT OF INDIAN OFFENSES 
has been of practical value to me. All minor offenses and difficulties that
frequently 
arise that of necessity must be adjusted are turned over to the judges of
the court. 
The Indians are willing to abide by their decisions and submit to the penalty
im- 
posed. The decision and authority, coming as it does from their own people,
has the 
moral tendency to educate them up to the idea of law. The punishment is usually
in proportion to the offense or turpitude of the crime committed. 
THE SUN DANCE 
is a thing of the past. The Indians have lived as happy without one this
year as in 
former years with it. 
The outlook for this people is a very promising one. They have worked as
never 
before, and will continue in this way since their subsistence depends upon
their labor. 
Very respectfully, 
S. E. SNIDER, 
Irdian Agent. 
The COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 
OMAHA AND WINNEBAGO AGENCY, NEBRASKA., 
September 6, 1884. 
SIR: In compliance with instructions received from your office I have the
honor to 
submit my third annual report of this agency for the fiscal year ending June
30, 1884. 
LOCATION. 
This reservation, occupied by two separate tribes, the Omahas and Winnebagoes,
is 
located in the eastern part of the State of Nebraska, and is known on the
maps of 
the State as "Blackbird" County. The Winnebagoes occupy the northern
part of the 
reservation and the Omahas the southern part. The eastern part of the reservation,
-bordering on the Missouri River, is rough and broken by high bluffs and
deep ravines. 
Back of this range of bluffs lie the valleys of the Omaha, Blackbird, and
Logan Creeks. 
These valleys with the intervening table land form as fine farming land as
there is 
in any country, adapted to all kinds oi cereals, vegetables, and fruits for
which 
Nebraska is fast becoming famous. 
==MENA 


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