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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1880
([1880])

Reports of agents in Wisconsin,   pp. 169-176 PDF (3.7 MB)


Page 169

REPORTS OF AGENTS IN         WISCONSIN.                169 
GREEN BAY AGENCY, 
Keshena, Wis.. September 1, 180. 
SIR: I have the honor to submit the following as my second annual report:
The tribes over which the jurisdi tion of this agency extends are the Oneidas,
num- 
bering 1,490; the Menomonees, numbering 1,450; and the Stockbridges, numbering
120, making a total of 3,060 men, women, and children. Each of the tribes
named is 
located on a reservation set apart for them by the United States, one of
which be 
longing to the 
ONEIDAS, 
is situated but a few miles southwest from the city of Green Bay, containing
about 
65,000 acres, one-half of which, under proper treatment, would make excellent
farms. 
The Oneidas are well advanced in 
Agricu tre, 
a large portion of their reservation being with propriety called the garden
of Brown 
County. The main settlement extending nearly the whole length of the reserve,
north 
and south, is one continuous line of large, beautiful farms, with many good,
substan- 
tial dwellings, barns, granaries, and tool-houses. By their industry they
harvest large 
and profitable crops, and raise (considering the climate and latitude) a
good propor- 
tion of horses, cattle, hogs, and some sheep. Not having a farmer on this
reserve it 
is impossible for me to give an accurate account of all their productions.
Interest in 
agriculture is steadily and yearly increasing; many new farms are being cleared
and 
cultivated, while many of the old are enlarged and improved. Their continuous
cry 
to the government is for the 
I llot oi l 
of their lands to each individual without being subjected to taxation, sale,
orjudgment 
of any court. This would be an incentive to further industry among them.
They do not want to become citizens (as heretofore reported), but claim the
protect- 
ion of the government for at least twenty-five years in the future, as they
deem the 
liabilities of a citizen fatal to the welfare of many of the most destitute
Indians. 
They have four 
Schools, 
two of which were opened during the past year. Ail are well attended, and
will be 
productive of much benefit to the tribe. Considerable interest has been awakened
among them in 
Religiou~s 
matters. At the Methodist mission quite a number have been added to the church'
which is in charge of Rev. S. W. Ford, who is energetic in both church and
school. 
The Episcopal Church. in charge of Rev. E. A. Goodnoug-h, is well attended
anti in a 
prosperous condition. 
and the liquor traffic in villages and cities not far distant are the worst
enemies the 
agent and the most respectable portion of the tribe have to contend with.
In spite 
of the many arrests, trials, and convictions (for selling and giving intoxicating
liquors 
to the Indians), the traffic is still continued by various and ingenious
ways which are 
intended to evade the law. One of these devices consists in having an outlaw
(called 
a white man) place a bottle of liquor under the sidewalk, woodpile, or some
other 
convenient place easy to describe, then an accomplice is sent to tell the
Indian that if 
he (the Indian) will give him a certain sum of money he will inform him where
he can 
find something that will do him a heap of good; the Indian takes the hint,
pays the 
money, is told of some particular spot, goes there and finds a well filled
bottle con- 
taining what is called Indian whisks. The only practicable remedy consists
in clip- 
ping off the light end of the penalty prescribed by statute, thereby depriving
the 
judiciary of the discretionary power now allowed. Think of $1 fine and one
day's im- 
prisonment after the government has expended perhaps not less than $100 in
bringing 
the prisoner into court ! Until Congress makes the change stated, drunkenness
will con- 
tinue among the Indians of many localities. 
THE MENOMONEES 
are settled on their reservation containing ten townships of land, the south
line of 
which is only five and one-half miles north of the city of Shawano. Some
portions of" 


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