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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1905
Part I ([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in Oregon,   pp. 323-328 PDF (2.8 MB)


Page 323

REPORTS CONCERNING INDIANS IN OREGON. 
323 
A Catholic school for boys and a separate one for girls are located near
Asher, in the southern part of this county. At each of these schools the
pupils 
receive instruction very much in the same way and along the same lines as
is 
given at this school. They are very much devoted to their work and to the
pupils who attend the school, and their equipment is good. I have never 
heard a pupil who has been in attendance at this school speak disrespectfully
of it. 
FRANK A. THACKERY, 
Superintendent and Special Disbursing Agent. 
REPORTS CONCERNING INDIANS IN OREGON. 
REPORT OF SUPERINTENDENT IN CHARGE OF GRANDY RONDE AGENCY. 
GRANDE RONDE SCHOOL, OREG., August 10, 1905. 
The Grande Ronde Reservation is located in the western part of Yamhill 
County, Oreg. The agency and school plant is situated 15 miles west of the
town of Sheridan, our nearest railroad point, also the nearest telegraph
point. 
Our post-office is now headquarters for three mail routes. We have a daily
mail both from the east and west, with a triweekly mail from the southwest.
Population.-The census roll lately completed and accompanying this report
shows a population of 340, 12 less than shown by last year's roll. 
Clackamas-----------------------------------------------59 
Umpqua    _                                                78 
Rogue River                                                50 
Wapato Lake         _-16 
Santiam                                                    22 
Yamhill                                                    24 
Cow Creek                                                  23 
Lakmiut-------------------------------------28 
Marys River                                                40 
Total                  --340 
Males above 18 years of age              _-109 
Females above 14 years of age_-                           115 
School children between 6 and 16 years of age---------------84 
Sanitary condition.-Although there has been quite a number of deaths I 
consider the sanitary condition as being good, no contagious diseases having
occurred; 11 of those that died were very old, and died, you might say, of
old 
age. 
Deaths recorded for the year, 24; under 5 years of age, 6; school age, 5
to 18, 
7; over 18 years of age 11. Births recorded for the year-males 6; females,
3, 
showing a natural decrease of 15 for the year. 
Improvements.-During the past year there was manufactured in the agency 
sawmill lumber for ten houses and five barns, all by Indian labor and for
Indians. It is gratifying to see the improvement made by a few of the Indians
on their allotments; they take an interest in the work and are making some
money. The Indians on this reservation are all self-supporting except a few
of 
the older ones, and they are only helped a part of the year by issuing them
rations during the winter and spring months. 
Roads.-The ordinary amount of road work has been done during the past 
year. 
Civilization.-The Indians of this reservation show an advancement in civi-
lization year by year. The majority live in comfortable farmhouses, have
substantial barns, modern farming implements, fairly good stock, etc. Those
who are energetic and let intoxicating liquor alone raise very good crops
of 
grain, hay, and garden stuff. All the hay needed for the school and agency
stock (about 70 tons) is purchased annually from the Indians, but they are
first required to fill their own barns to insure sufficient feed for their
stock. 
The money derived from the sale of chittem bark and baskets is of great help
to a large number of the old people. 
Au unusally large percentage speak the English language here and would 


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