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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1905
Part I ([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in Minnesota,   pp. 227-236 PDF (4.7 MB)


Page 227

REPORTS CONCERNING         INDIANS IN     MINNESOTA.            227 
REPORT OF TEACHER OF POTAWATOMI SCHOOL. 
HOYT, KANS., August2 6, 1905. 
School opened the 1st day of September, and throughout the year the attendance
was 
unusually good. Although the capacity of the school Is rated at only 80,
we enrolled dur- 
ing the year 104 pupils. At no time, however, were more than 100 children
crowded 
into the dormitories, and yet the average attendance for the year was 95.5.
This desirable result was brought about by the vigorous policy of our superintendent.
It sometimes became necessary to put one of the parents in jail until the
other parent 
brought in the children, which invariably happened the same day. Although
this treat- 
ment was rather severe, the school was never more popular among the Indians.
Children 
came in of their own accord or were brought In by their parents. Indeed,
in only a few 
instances was it necessary to resort to the use of the police. A number of
children were 
brought that could not be received for want of room. 
As a result a general spirit of contentment pervaded the school, the work
in all depart- 
ments was more satisfactory than usual, and there were no runaways until
the last 
month of the year, when four pupils went home without permission, but returned
the next 
day. 
Nowhere was the result of the regularity of attendance more marked than In
the school 
rooms. Pupils that had been indifferent for years began to take an interest.
Little chil- 
dren that began in the fall made remarkable progress, and the work in all
grades was 
unusually good. 
Monthly literary programmes were rendered by the pupils throughout the year.
Talks 
on the Sunday school lessons were given every Sunday morning by either Miss
Sample or 
myself; and during the latter half of the year Rev. Mr. Steves, of the Methodist
mission, 
came over to the school and talked to the children at our Sunday evening
song service. 
Weekly socials were also given for the pupils, and in the spring basket ball
was organized 
for the girls and baseball for the boys. 
The average age of the school being only about nine years, it became necessary
to detail 
very young children to regular work. The girls were taught all kinds of domestic
work, 
such as sewing, cooking, laundering, and general housework by the employees
in charge of 
the several departments, while the boys, under the direction of the industrial
teacher, the 
farmer, and the engineer took care of the stock, the furnace, the farm, and
the general 
outside work. 
The closing of the school during the month of June and the withdrawing of
the boys 
from the farm just when most needed had a very marked effect. Our individual
gardens 
that were in such a flourishing condition when school closed grew up in weeds
during the 
summer. The vegetable garden, while not an entire failure, is nothing like
it ought to 
have been under more favorable circumstances. But by the help of the agency
employees 
the corn was tilled and will be an excellent crop. And during July and August
boys were 
called in to help take care of the oats and hay crop. 
Among the improvements made during the year the most noticeable is the new
fence 
around the premises and the changing of the road to the front of the school
grounds. We 
also have a new machinery building, used at present as a warehouse; also
a stone jail, and 
some minor improvements In other buildings have been made. The new employees'
cottage 
and the laundry building to be completed this fall will greatly increase
our comfort, 
relieve the congested condition of the dormitories, and add to our facilities
for doing work 
the coming year. 
The general health of the children has been good. Two pupils who developed
tubercu- 
losis were sent home and only lived a few weeks, but aside from these cases
no serious 
Illness occurred. 
On the whole, we congratulate ourselves on the closing of a successful year,
and feel that 
the coming year will be even better than the past. 
JESSE E. TYLER, Teacher. 
REPORTS CONCERNING INDIANS IN M1INNESOTA. 
REPORT OF AGENT FOR LEECH LAKE AGENCY. 
ONIGUM, MINN., August 29, 1905. 
The census submitted herewith of the Indians enrolled at the several reser-
vations under my charge shows the following population: 
Leech Lake Pillager Chippewa----------------------861 
Males over 18 years   --------------------------237 
Females over 14 years         -------------          287 
Childern 6 to 16 years                                197 
Cass and Winibigoshish Pillager Chippewa--                      463 
Males over 18 years    -------------------------118 
Females over 14 years     ---------------------       144 
Children 6 to 16 years------------124 
White Oak Point Mississippi Chippewa-------------------563 
Males over 18 years                                   161 
Females over 14 years                                 173 
Childern 6 to 16 years                                142 
Red Lake Chippewa-----------------1,353 
Males over 15 years--------------348 
Females over 14 years------------449 
Children 6 to 16 years-------------------322 
L 


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