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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1863

Northern superintendency,   pp. 427-434 PDF (3.8 MB)

Page 427

NORTHERN SUPERINTENDENCY.                      427 
tinuous travel. This, together with the excellent quality of the soil, a
failing supply of water for domestic and irrigating purposes, a remarkably
brious and temperate climate, the abufidance of game, and its .remoteness
the settlements, tend to render the Bosque Redondo the very best place it
whole Territory for an Indian reservation. 
Nothing will conduce more towards establishing these savages permanently,
and contribute in a greater degree towards their civilization, than to have
build comfortable and substantial houses. Their nomadic style of life, chang-
ing their camp almost every week, and wandering from place to place, is ill
calculated to instil in them an idea of and lave for home. - ,T is feeling,
aroused, can never again be wholly eradicated, and will incite them to the
of peace for the sake of rendering those homes more prosperous and happy.
I have to express my obligations to Superintendent Steck for the prompt-
tude, zeal, and efficiency with which he is seconding my efforts, and the
interest he takes in the prosperity and regular working of all matters under
immediate charge. 
With deep respect, I have the honor to remain, sir, your obedient servant,
United States Indian Agent. 
No. 6. 
SAINT PAUL, MINNESOTA, October, 1863. 
Having, in compliance with your instructions, succeeded in effecting a treaty
with the Red Lake and Pembina bands of Chippewa Indians, for the extinction
of their title to the large and important district of country known as the
River valley, I have the honor to nake the following report of the circum-
stances connected therewith: 
My departure from Saint Paul was postponed, by various causes, to a much
later date than I had anticipated or desired. The treaty goods forwarded
the department did not arrive till the latter end of August, and the arrange-
ments for an escort for the expedition, which was necessary to the safety
of the 
train, as well upon its route-which lay through a country liable to be infested
by hostile Sioux-as when it reached its destination, involved still further
Your letter of instructions had led me to rely, for this purpose, on the
battalion of Major Hatch, of whose experience and influence with the Indians
I should have been glad to avail myself. But the unexpected delays in the
organization and equipment of this force compelled me to apply to General
Sibley, then opportunely returning from his expedition against the Sioux,
for a 
detachment of the mounted troops under his command, which, with whatever
other assistance could forward the objects of the commission, was promptly
cordially furnished by that obliging officer. 
All arrangements having been completed, I started from Saint Paul on Sep-
tember 2, taking the route via Saint Cloud to Fort Abercrombie, where we
were to receive a part of our escort and a quantity of provisions destined
the Red Lake and Pembina Indians, and which were stored there last year when
the outbreak of, the Sioux prevented their reaching their destination. 
From this post our route lay along the eastern bank of the Red river, through
the wide and rich savannas which border this remarkable stream, over a track
of our own making, till we crossed the Sand Hill river, whence we diverged
the northeast, reaching the crossing of the Red Lake river on the 21st of*
This place, which by the route travelled is about four. hundred miles from

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