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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1863

Colorado superintendency,   pp. 420-424 PDF (2.0 MB)

Page 420

420                COLORADO -SUPERINTENDENCY. 
Bear ritrer was the severest and most bloody of any which has ever occurred
with the Indians west of the Mississippi. One band (that of Sdnpitz) was
most exterminated. It struck terror into the hearts Of the savages hundreds
miles away from the battle-field. 
As soon as it was ascertained that any of the bands were inclined to peace
they were met by General Connor and myself at places selected in their own-
.country, and treaties of peace and friendship entered into with them-a service
which, in some instances, was regarded as both difficult and hazardous. These
negotiations have been communicated to the department from time to time as
occurred, as also other treaties formed by Governor Nye, Agent Mann, and
self, with the eastern and Western bands of Shoshonees. These treaties could
not have been madce without the aid of the appropriations made by Congress
this superintendency, which have been wholly applied to the great object
of re- 
storing peace; and also to the presence of the military, who have rendered
tinguished and lasting service to the government in subduing the Indians
throughout this Territory. 
It appears now as though peace was again permanently established with all
of the tribes in this country, and that no danger from them is to be apprehended
by emigrants moving in trains or singly, nor of an interruption in future
to the 
overland stage or. telegraph lines. They now acknowledge the Americans are
the masters of this country. But peace can only be secured by regular, liberal,
but just appropriations, and by the continuance of a strong military force
the main routes of travel through tls city, and especially on the routes
of it. 
It was only by the judicious application of the appropriations made by Con-
gress at its last session for the Indians in Utah that this department has
so successful in restoring peace, not only throughout this Territory, but
in the 
southern part of Idaho also. It is believed that Congress will not be called
upon for like appropriations again if the treaties are ratified and the goods
quired for the annuities are purchased and forwarded from the Missouri river
early in the spring. It must be observed that it will take about three months'
time to transport them to the places WOhere they are to be distributed. If
is done, this country can be prospected for its minerals, and the northern
mines worked with safety and increased advantages. 
Very respectfully, your most obedient servant, 
Acting Superintendent. 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs. 
No. 4. 
Denver, November 19, 1863. 
SIR: I have the honor to enclose a copy of two letters which I have just
ceived, reporting depredations by a band of Arapahoe Indians, and also report-
ing that the Indians of the plains have formed a league for the purpose of
tilities as soon as they can procure sufficient ammunition. I also enclose
a copy 
of a letter addressed from this office to Major S. G. Colley on the subject
of the 
distribution of arms and ammunition to the Indians. I also enclose a copy
o!  a 
requisition issued fr'5m this office to the commander of this military district.

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