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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1863
([1863])

Arizona superintendency,   pp. 383-391 PDF (3.7 MB)


Page 383

ARIZONA SUPERINTENDENCY. 
383 
proper modulation of voice is difficult to acquire. Notwithstanding all these
difficulties, some of them are good readers. In spelling and writing, many
of 
them excel; in arithmetic and geography, the schools that have been longest
established would compare well with average country districts. Grammar, 
algebra, and fiatural philosophy are taught in some of the schools. 
'The influence of these schools upon the general propriety of the people
is of 
the most gratifying character, as is seen in the improvement of their social
habits, and the progress made in regard to the enjoyment of the comforts
and 
refinements of civilized life. Many of them take regularly religious, political,
agricultural, and miscellaneous newspapers and magazines.* The good results
are witnessed in the better cultivated farms, vegetable and flower gardens,
better houses and furnittire, more becoming costume, and improved style of
living in all respects. Although a large share of these improvements may
be 
justly attributed to the self-denying labors of the most excellent missionaries,
who, for more than thirty years, have labored among the people, yet, since
a 
general system of education for all the children has been established, all
im- 
provements have become more general. 
Not having been intrusted with the supervksion of the schools on the other
six small Indian reservations, I -cannot speak of them from any personal
knowl- 
edge. According to the last report of the superintendent of public instruction
there were ten schools located on these reservations. 
Respectfully, your obedient servant, 
E. M. PETTIT, 
Superintendent of Indian Schools. 
Hon. D. E. SILL, 
United States Agent for New York Indians. 
ARIZONA SUPERINTENDENCY. 
No. 232. 
NEW YORK, April 1, 1863. 
SIR: I have the honor to acknowledge the notification of my appointment as
superintendent of Indian affairs in the Territory of Arizona, and before
setting 
out upon my mission beg to receive specific instructions, as it will be difficualt
to 
communicate with the department, from that -remote locality. 
In passing westward to my field of labor, the first Indians coming within
my superintendency are the 
GILA APACHES. 
Your department is well informed that these Indians have successfully re-
sisted all attempts for their civilization by the Spanish, Mexican, and American
governments, and have successfully driven the people of each nation from
the 
vicinity of the mountains Which they inhabit, and when an unfortunate civil
war caused the withdrawal of the United States troops from the country, they
proudly boasted of having chased the Americans from their domain, never more
to return. 
From the commencement of the war to the entire depopulation of the country
west of the Rio Grande, I could enumerate the most horrid atrocities committed
by these savages, resulting in the death of more than one hundred and fifty
of 
our people, some of them burned alive, and culminaing in the destruction
of 
the mitiing establishments near the Santa Cruz valley, surrounding the town
of 
Tubac, which was also abandoned with valuable stores of machinery, supplies,
and materiul. 


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