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Nolen, John, 1869-1937 / Madison : a model city (1911)

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GERMAN CITY BUILDING REGULATIONS.

FRANKFORT.

Frankfort will soon add nearly twice its present area to ensure ample open space and opportunity for two-family houses at reasonable rent.

A large number of exceptions and special rules exist, but the following are the main regulations:

IN THE INNER CITY.

Buildings may cover from 1/2 to 5/6 of the lot and have a maximum height of 20 metres.[1*] Usually they may not exceed the width of the street upon which they front by more than two metres.

IN THE OUTER CITY.

a. In the Inner Zone.

1. The Residence Section.

Buildings must have a minimum intervening space of 3 metres.
Maximum height 18 metres.
Maximum number of stories 3, above the ground floor.
May be 9 metres high on streets up to 9 metres wide, otherwise may not exceed the width of the street.
Building in groups is permitted under certain regulations.
Buildings to be used for factories, etc., that are noisy or produce smoke or soot, must be erected at least 20 metres from the lot boundaries and from the street.

2. The Mixed Sections.

The above regulations as to buildings are in force on streets suited for residences, but factories for any ordinary purposes may be erected at a distance of only 10 metres from the lot boundaries and the street.

3. The Factory Section.

Buildings that contain more than one dwelling may not have more than two stories above the ground story.
  [p. 159]     [p. 160]  

b. In the Outer Zone.

1. The Residence Section.

Buildings must have a minimum intervening space of 6 metres.
Maximum height 18 metres.
Maximum number of stories 3, above the ground floor.
May be 9 metres high on streets up to 9 metres wide, otherwise may not exceed the width of the street.
On certain streets only one or two stories above the ground is permitted.
Building in groups is permitted with restrictions.
Buildings to be used for factories, etc., which are noisy or produce smoke or soot must be erected at least 40 metres from the lot boundaries and from the street.
Rear buildings may not have more than one story above the ground floor.

2. The Mixed Section.

The number of stories of rear buildings is not restricted if they are not used for dwelling purposes, but they may not exceed 15 metres in height.
The same regulations in the main as for the inner zone of the outer city.

3. The Factory Section.

Buildings that contain more than one dwelling may not exceed more than two stories above the ground floor.
Plan of Weimar, Germany

WEIMAR, GERMANY, THE CAPITAL OF SAXONY.

It has a population about equal to that of Madison. Its public buildings, museums of art and music, its schools, parks, and city plan are models for a small city.

MUNICIPAL LAND OWNERSHIP IN GERMAN CITIES.
Proportion of area owned.
CITY Total Area
of City
Total Amount
of land
owned by City
Proportion of Total Area
owned by City
Acres Acres Within City
Boundary
Without City
Boundary
Berlin 15,689.54 39,151.28 9.2 240.8
Munich 21,290.24 13,597.02 23.7 37.8
Leipzig 14,095.25 8,406.84 32.3 27.4
Strassburg 19,345.45 11,866.98 33.2 28.1
Hanover 9,677.25 5,674.90 37.7 20.4
Schoneberg 2,338.60 1,633.33 4.2 65.1
Spandau 10,470.37 4,480.79 3.15 42.9
Zurich 10,894.64 5,621.52 26.0 25.9
Vienna 67,477.57 32,062.48 13.4 54.8

Notes

[1*] A meter is 39.37 inches.

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