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Perrault, Claude, 1613-1688 / Memoir's for a natural history of animals : containing the anatomical descriptions of several creatures dissected by the Royal Academy of Sciences at Paris
(1688)

The anatomical description of eight ostriches,   pp. 217-238 ff.


Page 223


                of, e' ht 0  S T  It I C  H  F  i.
  The Thi4Ajs were very fleflie, and very big, and, without F ciLkers, ccve-
red Titlh a white skin fornewhat reddifh, raved by clcvawc 4 \vrinc.'-3es,
of
the Figure of a Net, whofe Mafles could receive the end of ones lIiar. .n
one of the Males, there'were little Feathers here and ther cupon the Tighs,
almoff after the faine manner as Gejner has deicribed it in his FigJUre.
Some
had neither lititle Feathers nor Wrinckies.  The Legs Were covered on :the
fore-part with great fquare Scales.
  The Fot was cleft, and compofid only of two very large lToes, which
,were covercd witht Scales-ilke the Leg. Thef Tloes were uniequal: thie great-
eft, which -was on the 'infide, meat ured feven inches, comprehenditng t
he
Cl1aXw, which was nine lines' in length, and a little lefs in breadth ; in
fame
refembling the Naile of a Mans great-Toe.  The otwr 'roe exceeded noet
four inches, and had no Naile. This little one touched the ground onlv at
tyke
end.  The great one being feen fideways had almofi the fhape a Mans Foot,
with its fhoc on: it was only a little thinner and longer. Plivin reports
that
the Feet of the Ojiricb are like to thofe of the Stagg. Diodoru6 Sicullis,
who
calls the Ojlric/'Ies Stagg-Birds, relies upon this falf' refernblance. 
Slides IS
likewvill more mlifaken, when he fays that the Feet of the OjIrich do refem-
ble thofe of an Affe. Thofe who have named the OJlrich Strutho-carnl.us,
that is to fay, Cock-Camel, according to Scali er, and according to the Chaldee
Paraphrafe of the fore-cited place of fob, have not erred f6 much: for the
length of the, Legs of the Oftrich has fome fimilitude with thofe of the
Cock
and Camel. Moreover the manner after which the Foot of the Camel is cleft
which is different ffrom all other cloven Feet,and its:Clawwhich is alfo
quite
o.another Nature than that' of Staggs and Goats, are . particularities which
are common to it with the Ojirich. Our Ojiriches, like the Camel, had a
Callofity at the bottom of the Sternum, on which they do relt like the Camel,
'whln they lie down.
   Near the Anus, in one of the five Males, there was on each fide three
holes
of a line and half diameter, and two lines in depth.
   At the top of the Thorax, under the skin, there was Fat about the thick-
nefs of two fingers.  There was fome more efpecially on the fore-part of
the Belly, which was hard like Suet: it was in fome places two inch-
es and a half thick. This Fat was inclofed between two Membranes as
ftrong as the Peritoneum. Thefe Membranes, which thus inclofed this
Fat, were the Aponeurojes of the MulIles of the lower Venter, wvhich began
to be flernie only towards the Flancks, the whole fore-part of the Belly
about
the breadth of a foot being without flefh. The Sternum defended not to the
bottom of the Belly, becaufe that the Mufcles which move the Wings, and
which are faftned to the Sterntm, have no need of being lb great as in other
Birds which flye.
   The Oejophaggs was feated on the Body of the Vertebra, being faftened
to
the Aponeurofes of the Mufeles of the Lungs; of which more fhall be fpoken
in the fequell. Its Tunicles were very thick, especially that which is flehile.
It was infenfibly inlarged, even to fix inches in breath near the .-centricle
or
Gizzard; f6 that it was difficult to mark the place of the fuperiour Orifice
of the Ventricle: it feemed that the extremity of the Oefophagu did form
a
Crawv which was confounded with a Gizzard, and that thefl two parts toge-
                                                                     ther


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