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Perrault, Claude, 1613-1688 / Memoir's for a natural history of animals : containing the anatomical descriptions of several creatures dissected by the Royal Academy of Sciences at Paris
(1688)

The anatomical description of six demoiselles of Numidia,   pp. 205-202 [212] ff.


Page 207


       of fix DEMOISELLES of NUMI                  DIA.           207
was firait and pointed. The Neck was fourteen Inches. From the Thigh
Bone to the extremity of the greateft Toe, was ten Inches.
  The Eyes were large, having the Eye-lids black. TIhe internal Eye-lid
was white, intcrfperfed with a great many blood Veffels.
  1he Leggs were covered on the forefide with great Scales, which were
five Lines long and four broad: on the inride they were garnifhfed with
fmiall Scales of an Hexagonal Figure. Tfhe fUle of the foot was ipeckled
like
Chagrin. The T alons were black, and moderately crooked. The grtateft Toe,
which was that of the middle, had four Phalanges; the leadt which was on
the
outfide had five the middling one that was oii the infide, three; that behind
but one.
  The Liver was lo large in one of our Subjeds, that it filled almoft the
whole capacity of the lower Belly. In the refd the right Lobe was onlv four
inches in len:,rht , and the left three. In this Lobe which covered the Gizzard
there was a Cavity to receive the Anteriour part thereof, which was fharp,
making as it wer.e an edge. In four of our Subjeds the Liver was Scitrhous
being filled with a great quantity of fmall yellow grains, like to Milhet.
This
Scirrhous Conltitution did in fome meafure intimate to us that thele Livers
were compofUd, as it were, of feveral fmall Lobes, each likewife compofsd
by the conglomerating of feveral Glands. It was alfo feen after what mian-
ner the Rami Capuares of the Vexa Parta, Cavz and Datfus: Bilarii, went in-
to each of the Lobes; and it might be judged that there were fome which
were difiributed to each of the Glands, becaufe that having blowninto
there Dwms's, it was obferved that in the Livers, which were not yet quite
hardned, the little Lobes, and even the minute Glands, whereof the linall
Lobes are compofed, were fornetimes raifed together, and fometimes apart.
In fine, as the Sound Livers Eeemed to have a Subilance homogeneous and
continued, by reafon of the foftnefs which is equal in all the parts that
con-
fitute their Parenclyrma; they do allo appear compofed of feveral diftindt
and feperate parts, which we call Lobes, composed lilkewif6 of Glands, in
thofe that have been hardned by Diltemper, by reafon that this Induration
not equally prevailing over all the parts, fbews their difhindtion: the Inter-
fl"'s of the Lobes and Glands being fofter, by reafon of fome remainder
of
Blood in theft Interjtices, of which the Glands were deflitute. It mull be
ne-
verthelefs granted that the Experiment, by which different parts were feen
feparately to rife upon blowing into the Veffels which are difiributed to
the
different Lobes of the Liver, affords a Conjedure more certain, to conclude
that the fiilance of thefe Pificra is Glandulous,and that it is not from
thedif-
ferent Conflilence which the Scirrhous difpofition caufes in the Liver; and
tho it frequently happens that the Spkeen, when it is Scirrhous, difeovers
fome hardn--d Graines, like thofe which are in the Scirrhous Liver, yet it
is
certain that the Spleen is not Glandulous like the Liver: for this may caule
a
belief that this Argument is equivocal, and that thefe Graines may be produ-
ced as well by 1lnie obfirudions which do flop the pairages, fiich as arena
. l-fe
of the Spleen, as by the Induration of the Glands, fuch as are thoie kk ore-
of the Liver is compoled.
   We fownd no Ga'I-Bladder in two of our Subjeds; in the other it 'vas
fmall, of an oval FigurL not exceeding five lines in length and four in breadth.
                                                                     It


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