University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
History of Science and Technology

Page View

Perrault, Claude, 1613-1688 / Memoir's for a natural history of animals : containing the anatomical descriptions of several creatures dissected by the Royal Academy of Sciences at Paris

The anatomical description of two sapajous and two other monkeys,   pp. 157-164 ff.

Page 160

i 6C         S        The Anatomical Defcription
ker colour than the rdft, and of an Hexagonal Figure; whichl we have very
frequently feen in Brutes, and never in Men. The Bladder was faftened to
the firfi of the two Lobes, which were on the right lide. It was an Inch
long, and half an Inch broad ; it had a great Duites, which was immediate-
ly in terted underneath the Pylorus: This Duaus received three others, which
inflead of that which in Man is fingle, and which is called Hepaticus; thefe
three Du-ius's had their Branches difperfed like Roots into all the Lobes
the Liver, fo that'the firft had four Roots, viz. one in each of the three
Lobes,and one in the firft of the left; the fecond and third Duc-us had both
Roots in the fcond of the left Lobes; thefe Branclies did run under the Tunicle
of the Liver, fo that they were apparent, and not hid in the Parenchjma,
they generally are. The Sapagou had this particularity in its Liver, that
was marked with a great many black Spots: which is unufbal in other Li-
vers that we have found fpotted; for they are always of a lighter Colour
than the reft of the Subiancc of the Liver: It is probable, that this blackness
proceeded from the fpongynefs of thlefe Parts, which being imbued with a
greater abundance of Blood than 'the reft of the Parenchyma, did thereby
pear more dark.
  The Ventricle did likewife differ from a Mans, its inferiour Orifice being
ry large and low; foir it was nof elevated fr high as the fuperiour, as it
is in
Man; where it is not called inferidur by reafon of its fituation, but becaufe
is thro' this PaJ4a9e that the. Ventricle is emptyed.
  ihe Inteftines were hardly'more like the Inte'fines of Man than the other
Parts. In the Sapajozs they were in all but five Foot two Inches long, and
in tile other two Apes/ eight ; 'thly were alrmoft all of the fame bignefs;
Ieon was in Proportion a great deal bigger than in Man. The  ocaurn had
no 1eriform .Apendix; it was very large, containing two Inchesand a
half in length, and an Inch Diahieter at its beginning: It went pointing,
was fortified by three Ligaments like as the Colon is in Man, there to form
little Cells: This conformation is wholly different from that of a Man's
cMmn. The Celon had its Cells as ufual, but it was not redoubled like an
as in Mabeiing quite ftrait It had not the contracting which feparates it
the Rectm in Man. Befides the Cells there wvas obferved fome leaves on the
fiicelike to thofe w1hich are feen in the Colon of the 9//rich, and which
we have
lately remci kied ill the yejunum ofMan. Thefe Leaves were tranfverfely ex-
tend Sdl, abutting on the LigamenIts which are extended along this Intelline.
I- wvas thirteen Inches long, and an Inch diameter.
  The Spleen was feated along the Ventricle as in Man, but its Figure was
different in one of our Subjeds, being made as the Hears is represented in
zonxry. Its Baris contained an Inch. The Pancreas had only its Figure which,
made it to refemble that of Man, its conndxion and infertion being wholly
particular; for it was fwrongly faflened to the Spleen, and the infertion
of its
Dtueus into the Inteffine, whichl in Man is always near the Port bilariu,,
two Inches diftant therfrom.
  The lCidneys had a Figure and Situation not lefs extraordinary. They
were round and flat ; their fituation was more unequal than in Man, the
right being mucl lo wer, in refpeSd of the left, Tiz. half its bignefs. Thie
Gland called C apfil., Atr_,larid was very vifible, by realon that the Kidlney
was without Fat. This Gland was white, and the Kidney of a brilght Red ;+
its Figurc was Irian-ilglar.                                    Ariftotl(

Go up to Top of Page