University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
History of Science and Technology

Page View

Perrault, Claude, 1613-1688 / Memoir's for a natural history of animals : containing the anatomical descriptions of several creatures dissected by the Royal Academy of Sciences at Paris
(1688)

The anatomical description of two sapajous and two other monkeys,   pp. 157-164 ff.


Page 159


     of to  SAP Ai OUS and two otherMON KEY S. _                    59
 The Head was round, with a kind ofa flat Face, refemblingr the Vifage of
a
 Man with a fhort and Flat Nofi.
   T!-e other Sapjot, wlhich was a Femalehad tle Nofe lon- inclininig to
tlie
Cynocephali. 1t. Halr %x as of tlree colours, viz. Red, Gray, and a dar ltClefl
Nut. T he Belyv and reaft were inxt with Red and Gray. The Armes
and Leggs were ofa Jark CnielInutt; the Back had the Cheftnut and Red
nlixt toiwer, fo that in lome places there was more Red, in others more
Cheftnu'r; wnich made great Spots almolt as in Cats. It had neither the
White on the Fore-head nor the Beard, as the other Sapajo!i.
   The P ^rs of the firnt Sap jou were round and fo fmall, that round the
hole
they wte, e .ot extended asove a line and a half, being intirely covered
with
the [-L Ir.  rile Writers of Phyfiognomie, have theieon apparently Found-
ed tv-c J udgement which they do make of little round Eai-s, which they do
put as a fGn of a deceitful and Villanous temper, fuchl as is the Apes.
  Aurthors do not agree touching the internal paris of the Ape. Ari/ctle,
Plin
and Galen do averr that they are wholly like to thofe of Man. Albertus do
S
on thi conorar) affirm,that as much as Apes are like to NMan on the outfide,
fo
much are they unlike in the infide: So that there is no Animal, as he fayes,
whiclh ias the intrails fo different from Mans as the pe. The- Obfervations
Which we have made are repugnant to both thefe Opinions, which are both
too extream. Yet we found that our Apes did more rclemble Y.Van in the ex-
ternal pa, r, than in the internaland that there are more Animals which havp
the il nard parts as like to thofe of Man as our Ap es, thaa there are which
do
as mnt.cii reeiincokv N, anl, as our Apes do, in their exteriour figure.
  rlA'te Linns or Holes of the Peritoneum were as in Dogs ; the Epiploon
was
di'Thetnt trorn Cliat of d Man, in feveral things. -i,#. It was not faftened
to the
Colon in  mailn) piaccs, havin, no connexion with the left part of this In-
teititit. d. It iaA airither Ligratu;r which is not found in Man, viz. to
the
Mujclei ot' ti t Abdomen by means of the Peritoneam, which formed a LiUa-
menc, which we have obferved in the Hinde ot'Canada. 3d. The Veffels of
the Lpiploan, which in Man proceed only from the Vena Porta, did neverthe^
tefs in one of our Subjeas come from the Cava, having there one of the Bran-
ches of the Hypoga, rica, which was united to t'ie Branches of the Porta.
4th. In fine the whole Epiploon was without compaifon greater than it ge-
nerally is in M~an, becauI that it did not only cover ail the lnteftine&,
which
is rarely feen in Alan, whatever Galen fays, but it even inveloped them un-
dlerneath, as it do's in fveral other Brutes; where it is trequclniy feen
that
the Epi loon is larger than in Man, efpecially in Animals w Imcn, do run,
and
leap with a great deal of Agility; as if it were fo redoubled under the Inteft-
ines, to defund them, with the reft of the Bowels, againit the rude joults
which chefe Varts do receive in running. It is true tnlat the Membranes
Of tile Fpipioon were intire and continued as in Man, and not perforated
like a
Net, as clhy are ln the generalhty of Brutes.
  Tile L iver wnich is one of the principal J/ifcera, was very different
from
the Liver of M x, having, five Lobes as in a Log, viz. two on the right fide,
and to '1 cile left, and a fifth layd apon the right part of the Body of
the
Vertebre.  Il-JO laft was divided, making as k. were two leaves- In one of
our
Subj^el,, t±^e S*kioance of the Liver was Ipeckled with fkveral fSots
of a dar-
                                                                    ker


Go up to Top of Page