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Perrault, Claude, 1613-1688 / Memoir's for a natural history of animals : containing the anatomical descriptions of several creatures dissected by the Royal Academy of Sciences at Paris
(1688)

The anatomical description of six porcupines and two hedge-hogs,   pp. 147-154 ff.


Page 150


fourth Ventricle joynecl to three Pouches, which did represent three others:
but this Inteffine was contra'aed to make the Yejunxu, which was very
fhort, and tihe Ileun yet more. The Cacumr was very large: It was feven
inches long and two broad towards the Ileum, terminating in a point, and
mnaking in its whole length the Figure of a Sythe. It had three Ligaments
correfpondent to its length, which did contra& it, and make Cells as
in the
Colon of Man. The Ligament that was in the bending which this Inteffine
made, was very large; 'cwas a part of the Mefentery, but wvas faftened to
the Intefline only by one fide; the reft was loofe.  The Colon had likewife
Iome Cells, which were not fo well feen as thofe of the Cacium, although
there were two Ligaments to form them. This Inteffine was ibait: It was
forty inches long; it was folded in two, and the two parts were ifrongly
fafined to cach other throughout their whole length.
  The Liver was fuilendcd and hung upon the Diaplragme, by a very large
and Memrbranlouls Ligament, which proceeded from the Cartilago Xiphoides,
and vertically dcfLcndiul g was infcrted from the Fiffure of the Liver to
the
middle of its gibbous part. It had feven Lobes, four great ones, two on each
fide of the Fidbre, and three finall ones, one of which was in the middle
of
the F iffurc, tEalned byi a Membrane to the Vena Cava; the third was under-
neath, between the Four great ones. The two great Lobes of the left filde
were joyne l to; -thieU at their extremity by a very ifrong Membrane.
  The G.Jl-b3a1dder wasfmall, flat, and almoft empty.
  The Pancreas was very large being three inches and a half long, and fix
lines broad at the widefl place.
  The Spleen was ditrcfrpt in our Subjeas. There was one in which we
found two Spleens. The31argeft, which was five inches long and    ten
lines broad, was fafrned to the left fide of the Ventricle, by the rami Splenici
which do inake the Vas breve: it was alfo fafrled to the Epipicon. The other
Spleen which was three inches in length and eight lines in breadth, was fix-
ed to the Ventyiclewitliout the appearance of any Veffels which did unite
it.
it was likewift joyned to the Epipbcon by the uppe.-r end, and to the Ileua
by
tle lower end. In the other Subjclts, where it wa& fingle as is ufual,
it was
ievens inches long and ten lines broad. It was immediately fixed by its up-
per end to the upper part of the Ventricie, and by its hollow part to the
left
fide of the Ventricle, by the means of the radi Splenici, which 1hot forth
three
branches into the Ventricle, and as many into the Spleen. The Ramificati-
ons wh'llIich went to the Ventricle were three inches long: thole of the
Spleen
wei re only one. In one of our Subjetls the Spleen, befides the Ligaments
of
of the Jeas Breve, and of the Membranes by which it was held to the Ven-
tricle and E piploon, had alfo a Ligament which did hang it to the Diap!9ragr)ze.
In all our Subjec s the Spleen was of a very dark red, cfpecially in its
hollow
-.art which regards the Ventricle, where it was alnoft black.
  The Kic ;cyes were double on each fide, having a Syccenturiatms a third
part
as big as thilt trile Kidney. The true Kidney was two inches in length and
'one in brea:th. It was very fblid, not having any Cavity tor the Pelvis.
It
hiad only oni the outfide a Cavity or depre-flion in its anteriour part.
 The
Plirezcbim:a (a the icc tllriatls was very dirferent from that of the true
Kid- -
11ev, be1inlg noose lhft ; it was likewife cotnpofed of two difrent Subflances
                                                                    VIZ.
150
IVAnatomicd  Defcri idn


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