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Perrault, Claude, 1613-1688 / Memoir's for a natural history of animals : containing the anatomical descriptions of several creatures dissected by the Royal Academy of Sciences at Paris
(1688)

The anatomical description of six porcupines and two hedge-hogs,   pp. 147-154 ff.


Page 147


                                                              147
                             T H E
 ANATOMICAL DESCRIPTION
                          OF SIX
        PORCUPINES
                        AND TWO
HE DGE:h OG S
T     dH E Porcupine and H'dg-Hog, according to the Ancients, are Animals
T 1   of one Genwu, by reafon of the Prickles wherewith they are both
covered. The name of the Genms is e&ivo;, Echina.  The Porcupineis by
the
Greeks and Latins called Hyjirix. The Hedg-hog is by Oppian Stiled 3al'o;
e'yVos
in Greek, minor Echinus in Latine, as if the whole difhinftion of thefe two
Species confidted in only the difference of the fize. Yet we have obferved
that
the Animals of thefe two Species were likewife different in other things
more
effential, namely, in the Country where they do breed, in their Prickles,
and in the Shape of the rell of their Body: for the Porcupine is bred in
Afri-
ca, the Hedge-hog is common in Europe ; the prickles of our Hedge-hogs were
Ihorter in proportion to their Body than thofe of the Porcupines; and the
lhape, as well as the ufe of thefe prickles, was alfo very different,even
as their
Feet, Nofe, and all the inward parts.
  The greatell of the fix Porcupines which we here defcribe, was eighteen
inches from the Nof& to the extremity of the hind-feet extended.  They
all
had over the Body a Briftle or great fiining Hair, resembling in its groffcnefs
Confiltence, Figure, and Colour, the Brittles of a Boar; which has given
to
this Animal the Appellation of HvJtrix, which comes from Do A  that is
to Pay Hogs-hair. And indeed this Brittle did better refemble that of the
Hogg
than of the Boar, in that it was not intermixed with another fhorter Hair,
like to the downe which garnithes the root of the Briftle of the Boar; but
it
was every where of the fame length and kind. It was above three inches
long all over the Body, except the top of the Neck, where it was a foot
                                     T 2                     long,


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