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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning

Rope - rypticks,   pp. 1031-1038 PDF (7.5 MB)

Page 1031

( "'' )
R v S
the Frxcih R&WJ  as r&* is the -RZo of Raic  and perbaps
.* the Root of rak.
The Greek and Hebrew To"ges are learnt by Roots.-OIf
Didionaties, fomre are in Alphabetical Order, others are dilpofed
by Roots; as Scapi, and the firft Edition of the Didionary of
the Frewb Academy: In the Edition x71 8, it is thrown into the
i fual Alphabetical Order. See DICTIONARY.
ROPE, an Aflemblage of feveral Twiffs or Strings of Hemp,
twilled together by means of a Wheel: Of various ufes, as in
binding, ftaying, drawing, fufpending, &-c.  See HEMP and
When the Rope is made very thick, 'cis call'd a Cable, and when
very finall, a Cord. See CABLE and CORD.
The greateft Confumption of Ropes is in Navigation, for the
tackling of Ships; where, though Ropes include the whole Cor-
dage. See TACKLE and SHIP.
Yet there are feveral Ropes particularly fo denominated: As, the
entering Rope, hung at the Ladder to help People up.-The Top-
RV.-A Bolt-Rope, wherein the Sail is fowed.-Buoy-Rope, to
which the Buoy of the Anchor hangs.-Guefl-Rope, to tow the
Long-Boat.-The Keel-Rope.-The Bucket-Rope.-Rudder-Rope,
to fave the Rudder if it fhou'd chance to be beat off -Preven-
ter-Rope, to &ve the Yard in Cafe any Part of the Tyes fhou'd
be broke.-Breaff-Rope, to lafl the Panels to the Mafts.-Guy-
Rope, to keep the Foremaft forwards, directly over the Hatch-
iway. And Boat-Rope, by which the Rope hangs, or is Thtfened
a-fern of the Ship.
2 ROPE, CORD, or STRAP, in the Manage, is any of thefe ti-
ed round a Pillar to which the Horfe is faftned when they be-
gin to quicken and fupple and teach him to flee from the Shamb-
ner, and not gallop faftly or incompaaly. See PILLAR.
In thofe Manages where there is no Pillar, a Man ftands in
the Centre of the Ground, and holds the end of the Rope.
ROPES of two Pillars, are the Ropes or Reins of a Cavazon,
'ufed to a Horfe that works between two Pillars. See PILLAR.
ROPE-Yarn, is the Yarn of any Rope untwifted. See YARN.
It commonly confifts of Cable-Ends, which are worn out;
l  and are called Iunks of the Cables.-It ferves for many Purpofes
among the Sailors.
RORIFEROUS-Dua, q. d. Dew-dropping Pipe; a Name
given the Thoracick Du6t, from its flow Manner of conveying,
and as it were, inriflling, the Chyle into the common Stream of
M Blood. See THORACIC-Dcd, &c.
Efi   ROS, Dew. See DEW.
Ros Vtrieli, among Chymifts, is fometimes ufed for the firft
Phlegm diftill'd from Vitriol in Balneo Marie. See VITRIOL.
x RSADE, a kind of Liquor, prepared of pounded Almonds
and Milk, mix'd with clarified Sugar.
- ROSARY, in the Romib Church, a Chaplet, confifting of
e Or fifteen Decads or Tens of Beads, to dire& the Recitation
fo many Ave Maria's, in Honour of the Virgin.  See CHA-
,ET.                               ,
particular Mafs or Form  of Devotion ad-
to which the Chaplet of that Name is ac-
e Inftitution of the Rofary to St. Dominick;
!ws it was in ufe in the Year Iioo; fo that
nly make it more celebrated.-Others attri-
iycus, and bothers to St. Benedic ; others to
rs to venerable Bede; and others to Peter the
ite it to St. Dominick, differ as to the particu-
trution; forec referring it to the Year I208,
gainft the Albigenfeis others will have him to
n the Courfe of his Millions in Spain. e're
RY, or of Our Lady of the ROSARY, is an
iippoled by Schoonebeck, and the Jefuit Be-
inflituted by St. Dominick; but by Miftake;
infituted any Order under this Name; and
tndy make a military Order off an Army of
:r the Command of the Count doe Mitfort,
4ani, and M. Hermant, will have this Order
(hed by an Archbiflhop of Toledo, named Fre-
7inick's Death; and to have bore for a Badge,
rofs, in the middle whereof was reprefented
icr little Son in one Hand, and in the other
P adds, tha: they were obliged to rehearfe the
vet doubts whether or no fuch an Order ever
Imedicinal Flower, produced by a Shrub of
higihes the Denomination to feveral Pre-
are various: Thofe uled in Medicine are
.R oe:/.-The, ,Da ask are a  go dand  &fe  pubu.
in infufion, or by way of Syrup.-The Red
the: Conferve thereof ufed with Cuccefs aeo~in41
reaft and Lungs, and Diordera of theByes
made of Red-Ref Leaves, dried in an Oven,
pulverized, and put into a proper Quantity of Sugar dimlid
with a little Water in a Chafing-difh, over the Fire.
'Tisa Tradition among the Antients, that the God of Love
made a prefent to Hippcrates the God of Silence, of a beautiful
Ref the firit that had been known; to engage him not to dif-
cover any of the private Pra&ices of his Mother Venis.-And
hence it became a Cultom to have a Ro/ planted in their Rooms
of Mirth and Entertainment, that under the Afrurance thereof
they might be induced to lay afide all Confiraint, and fipeak what
they pleafid.-Thus did the Rofe become a Symbol of Silence;
fo that to berg/kb ro!, under the Rife, denotes as much as to be
our~of danger of having any Converfation divulged.
RosE-mater, a Water drawn by Ditillation from Red or Dab
mask-Rofes. See WATER.
It is a good Cordial, and was formerly highly efteemed; but
is fince fallen from its Reputation, and is little ufed but in Dif-
eafes of the Eyes, and in Perfumes and Wafhes.
'Tis, however, in great deem in the Eaft, particularly in
China and Perfia, where the Trade thereof is very considerable.
The Rofe Leaves remaining at the Bottom of the Still, have the
natural cathartic Quality; and are alfo kept for a Perfume.
Golen-RosE, is a Rofe which the Pope bleffes at Mats on the
firif Sunday in Lent, while they fing Letare jerufalem ; and which,
after Ma6h, he carries in Proceffion; and then fends it as a Pre-
fent to Iome Sovereign Prince.
The F417ions of the red and while ROSE, are famous in our
Engli4h Hiftories.-They had their Rife in 1454, under Henry
VI. between the Houfes of York and Larcafter, and ended in
Henry VIL who united the two Branches.-The Houfe of Lan-
cafler had for its Badge a white Rofe ; that of York a red one. See
RoSE-fMod, Lignum Rhodium, or Afpalathum. See AsPALA-
ROSE, in Archite6ture and Sculpture, an Ornament cut in re-
femblance of a Rofe. See ORNAMENT.
It is chiefly ufed in Frizes, Corniches, Vaults of Churches;
and particularly in the Middle of each Face of the Corinthian
Abacus. See ABACUS.
And in the Spaces between the Modillions; under the Pla-
fonds of Corniches. See MODILLION.
RosE-Noble, an antient Engli4b Gold Coin, firfi firuck in the
Reign of Edward III. and then call'd the Penny of Gold; fines
call'd Rofe-Noble, becaufe ftamp'd with a Rofe. See MONEY.
It was Current at 6 s. 8 d. See NOBLE and COIN.
ROSEMARY, ROSMARINUS, a medicinal Plant, whof6
Flowers are of considerable ufe in the prefent Praaice.
They are efteem'd the principal Aromatick of our Growth.-
Dr. 4mincy fpeaks of them as good in moft nervous Complaints,
efpecially fuch as arife from too great Moifture and Cold, as they
are hot and drying.-In Epilepiies, Apoplexies, Palfies, &c. they
are rarely omitted in Prefcription, under one Form or other. See
They abound with a fubtle detergent Oil, which makes them
deobflruent and opening, whence their uie in uterine Obftru-
Aions, theJaundice, ,c.
They are the Bafis of rhe celebrated 7ungary Water; with a
fmall Quantity of which, diluted in common Water, the Co0fedi-
oners make Con ferve of Rofiemary Flowers, Effence of Rofemary
Rofemary-Water, &c. See HUNGARY-I"ater.
ROSIN, RESINA, in Pharmacy. See RESINA.
ROSIN, is particularly ufed for a refinous Matter, prepared
from the Juice of the Pine-Tree; in ordinary ufe for the making
of Wax, &c.
Mr. Bent in the Phil. Tr4af gives us the Preparation of this
coarfe Drug, in the Southern Parts of France; thus.-The Bark
being pared off the Pine, to make the Sap run down into a Hole
made at Bottom to receive it; as the.Juice runs it leaves a Cream
or Cruft a-top; which being temper'd with Water, is fold, by a
Cheat, for white Bee's-Wax. See WAX.
When they have got a Quantity of the Juice they firain it
through a Basket, and what runs through it is the common Tur-
pentine. See TURPENTINE.
What flays behind, they mix with Water, and diftilling it in
an Alembic, the Matter that rifes& is the oil of Turpentine; and
the Calk that remains is the ccmmon Rojin.
ROSOLIS, popularly, RosA-ftbs, Sun-Dew, an agreeable fpi-
rituous Liquor, chiefly taken after Meals, by way ot Dram, to
aid Digeffion.
'Tis corpofed of burnt Brandy, Sugar, Cinnamon, and Milk-
Water, and is Sometimes perfumed with a little Musk.
It had its Name becaufe aniently prepared wholly of theJuice
of the Plant Rorfolis; but that Plant is no longer any Ingredient
The beft is that of Turin.-The French have a particular Kind
not called Ros fois, but du Roy; becaufe ufed with good Effe&t
by the late King Lewis XIV.-'Tis com  ed of Spaxib Wine,
wherein are infufed Anis, Fennel, Ane, Coriander,  e. forH
three Weeks.
ROSTRA, in Antiquity, a Part of the Romae FA   ps where-
in Oraions, Pleadings, Funeral Harangues, &e. were"4eiverd.
See FORUM.                i2 F                       The

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