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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning

Q - quoyl,   pp. 923-944 PDF (20.0 MB)

Page 938

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QuARTeR Wheeling, or QUARTER of Coaverfn, in
the Military Art, is a Motion whereby the Front of a Body
of Men is turn'd round to where the Flank was; thus
making a quarter of a Circle. See CONVERSION, WHEE-
If it be done to the Right, the Man in the right Angle
keeps his Ground, and faces about, while the reQ wheel;
if to the Left, the left hand Man keeps his Place, fC. See
QUARTERs, in a Clock, are little Bells which found
the Quarters of an Hour. See CLOCK, HOUR, eC.
QUART ERS, in Building, thofe flight upright Piecesof
Timber, placed between the Punchions and Pofis; ufed to
lath upon.
They are of two kinds, fingle and double-Thefingle
£Zuarters are fawn to two inches thick and four Inches
broad ; the double four Inches fquare.
QUARTERIDGE, Money paid quarterly, or by the
QUARTERING, in the Sea-Language-When aShip
under fail goes at large, neither by a Wind nor before a
Wind, but as it were betwixt both i fhe is faid to go phlear-
tering. See SAILING.
The Term is alfo ufed when a Ship fails with quarter
Winds. See QUARTER Wind.
QUARTERING, in Gunnery, is when a Piece of Ord-
nance is fo traversed, that it will fhoot on the fame Line,
or on the fame Point of the Compafs as the Ship's Quarter
QuXARTERING, in Heraldry, the dividing a Coat into
four or more Quarters, or 0Zuarterings; by parting and
The King of Great Britain quarters with Great BIritain,
France, Ireland, Brunfwick, &C. See QUARTERLY.
Counter QUARTERING a Coat, is when the Quarters
are quarter'd over again, or fubdivided each into four.
There are Counter-quarter'd Coats which have twenty or
twenty-five Quarters.
QUARTERINGS, call'd alfo Partitions and Comwparti-
mwents are the feveral Coats born on an Efcutcheon; or the
feveral Divifions made in it, when the Arms of feveral
Families are to be placed on the fame Shield, on account of
Intermarriages, or the like. See ESCUTCHEON, SHil ELD,
Colombiere reckons twelve forts of Qi arterings; but other
Authors give us more. - viz. Party per Pale, di-
viding the EfIutcheon from top to bottom. See PALE.-
Party per Crofs, dividing it f om fide to fide. See CRoss.
- Party of fix Pieces, when the Efcutcheon is divided
into fix Parts or Quarters-Party  of ten i of twelve.
of fixteen; of twenty; and of thirty-two, when there are
fo many Partitions refpetlively.
Others give the Divifions in another manner: As-
Party per Crof.-per Pale-per Chief-per Pale Inclave-
per Bend dexter-per Bend finifter-per Chevron-Barry
Bendy of eight Pieces-Paleways of fix Pieces-Barry of
fix Pieces-Barry of eight Pieces-Bendy of fix-Cbecky
-Fufilly, or Lozengy-Paly Bendy, or Bendy Lozengy-
Barry Bendy Lozengy, or Bend Lozengy - Gyronny -
Barry Lozengy counterchanged - Waved of fix Pieces-
Barry Nebule of fix Pieces-Party per Saltier-Party per
Pale in Point. See further under the refpeaive Articles.
Colombiere obferves, that thirty two is the greatefi Num-
ber ufed in France, but that the Englijb and Germans
fometimes extend to forty; as a Te{*imony of the Truth
whereof, he fays, he faw the Efcutcheon of the Earl of
Leicejler, Embaffiador Extraordinary in France in the
Year 1639, divided into the Number of forty ; and fome,
be affirms, do go on to fixty-four feveral Coats.
But a Multitude of Quarters makes a Confufion ; and
accordingly all the Writers of Armoury cry out againrf it
as an Abufe-The firfi Intiance of Quartering whereof
we have any Account, is faid to be in the Arms of Renate
King of Sicily, &c. in the Year 1435, who quarter'd the
Arms of Sicily, Arragon, 7erufalem, &c.
William Wickley obferves, that fuch .Ruarterings are
much properer for a Pedigree to be lock'd up in a Chefl,
and occafionally produced as an Evidence for the clearing or
afcertaining of Alliances of Families, or Titles to Lands,
ec. than to be borne as a Cognizance.
In Blazoning, when the Quartering is perform'd per
Crofs, the two Quarters a-top are number'd the fir{' and
fecond; and thofe at bottom the third and fourth; begin-
ning to tell on the right fide-When the Quartering is
by a Saltier, &c. the Chief and Point are the firil and
fecond Quarteis, the right fide the third, the left the
QU AR T ERING iS forretimes alfo ufed for the diflinguilhing
of younger Brothers from Elder. See DIUFERENCE.
Punilhment of a Traytor, by dividing his Body into four
Parts. I aljtigl9am in, Ric. a. Auditum s0 CofeVMb tur-
siffima fcelera tradationi, Sufpendio, tecollationi, Ixes-
terationi L Quarterizationi adjudicavit.
QUARTERLY, in Heraldry, a Perfon is faid to bear
Quarterly, when he bears Arms quarter'd. See QuB.s-
The King of Great .Z'ritain bears Quarterly of four. in
thelirfi quarter, Gules, dc. Great Britain: In the fi-
cond, Azure, Tic. Irelandl, &c.
QUARTERN, or QUARTURON, a Diminutive of
Quart ; fignifying a quarter of a Pint i as a Q-part does a
quarter of a Gallon. See QUART.
QUARTILE, an Afpect of the Planets when they are
three Signs, or go Degrees diflant from each other. See
The 0,eartile Afpeck is mark'd thus, E. See CuA-
QUARTO, or 4to, a Book, whereof four Leaves, or
eight Pages, make a Sheet; See VOLUME, Boox-Bind-
ing, &c.
QUARTO Decimans, QUARTO fDecianai, an antient
Sea in the Church, who maintain'd that Eafler was always
to be celebrated conformably to the Cuitom of the Items,
on the x4th day of the Moon in the Month of March,
whenfoever that Day fell out. See EASTER.
And hence their Name Ruzarto decimani, q. d. Four-
teenthers. See PASSOVER.
The Aftatics were mightily attach'd to this Opinion, pre-
tending it was built on the Authority of St. john, who was
their A poflle; and Pope Vitlor could never bring 'em to
Obedience in this Point, tho' he was upon the point of Ex-
communicating them-Some are of opinion he adlually
did Excommunicate them, but it is more probable he con-
tented himfelf with Menaces.
Polycrates, Bilhop of .thequs, wrote a long and warm
Letter, in the Name of all the Bilhops of Ajax, tofitor
and the Church of Rome, wherein he explain'd at large
the Ufage of thofe Churches with regard to the Celebration
of Eafler; and maintain'd, that herein they only follow'd a
conifant Tradition that had obtain'd immutably among 'em
from the Time of the Apotile St. Yobn, who died at Ephe-
fus-lBut the Pope not fatisfy'd with this Anfwcr of
Polycrates, had proceeded to Excommunication, but that
fome of the mobf eminent Bifhops, among the refi Ireneus,
interpofed, and diffuaded him from diflurbing the Peace of
the Church by excommunicating a People for adhering to
what they accounted a Tradition.
QUASHING, in Law, the overthrowing and annulling
a thing. See ANNULLING. -An Array return'd by one
that has no Franchife, fhall be Zaafit'd. Coke on Litti.
fol. 156.
QUASI Contrar7, in the Civil-Law, an AA which has
not the frind Form of a Contrad, but yet has the force
thereof. See CONTRACT.
In a Contraiff there mutt be the mutual Confent of both
Parties i whereas in a .aafi Contraa, one Party may be
bound or obligated to the other without having given his
Confent to the A& whereby he is obliged.
For an Example-I have done your Bufinefs, in your
Abfence, without your Procuration 5 and it has fucceeded
to your Advantage: I have then an A61ion againfi you for
the recovery of what I have disburfed, and you an Adion
againfl me to make me give an account of my Admini-
firation: Which amounts to a <zafiContrati.
QUASI Crinie, or QUASI Delia, in the Civil-Law, the
Adion of a Perfon who does Damage, or Evil involun-
The Reparation of &aji Crimes, confifis in making good
the Damages with Intereft.
QuAsI-Modo Sunday, Loxw Eafter-Sunday, or the next
Sunday after Eafter; thus cal'd from the initial Words of
the Introit of the Mafs for the Day, 9,yafi modo geniti In-
fantes. See SUNDAY.
In antient Deeds thefe Wordswere fignifiedby q. m. g.
QU ATER-Cotftns, quare Coufins; fourth Coulins, or
the laff Degree of Kindred. See COUSIN, CONSANGUI-
Hence, when Perfons are at variance, 'tis faid they are
not quater, or cater Coafins.
QUATRE Nations, q. d. Four Nations, a College
founded in I66I, by Cardinal Mazari'; for the Education
and Maintenance of fixty Children,Natives of the four Coun-
treys conquer'd by the King, viz. fifteen for Pignerol and
Italy. fifteen forAlratia, twenty for Flanders, and ten for
Rouffillon. See COLLEGE.
. QUATUOR Fir, in Antiquity,     frequently  wrote
III.VIR, a Roman Magifirate who had three Colleagues
join'd with him in the fame Adminifiration.
To the  gatuor-viri was committed the Charge of Con-
duaing and Settling the Colonies fent into the Provinces.

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