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Chambers, Ephraim, 1680 (ca.)-1740 / Cyclopædia, or, An universal dictionary of arts and sciences : containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine : the figures, kinds, properties, productions, preparations, and uses, of things natural and artificial : the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial : with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c : among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c : the whole intended as a course of antient and modern learning

Marasmus - measure,   pp. 498-521 PDF (21.4 MB)

Page 516

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The 1Proportions of the Long Meafuires oF          in'cr4 Aatso  to the Englifh
by Mr. Greaves.
The EnglA Standard Foot being divided into Icoo equal
Parts, the other Meafures will have the Proportioni to
it, which follow.
-The Engli Footj f*om the Standard in Guildhall Iooo
IThe Paris Royal Foot, in the Chitelet  -    io68
The Rbinland Foot, of Snellihs.             1033
The Greek Foot       -           -
The Roman Foot, on the Monument of Coifutius  967
The Roman Foot, on the Monument of Statilius  972
The Roman Foot, of Villalpandus, taken from the  -
Congius of Vefpafian         -            986
TheVenetian Foot                            Ii6z
The Ell of Antverp       -           -      1283
The EIl of imfterdam                 -      z63
The Ell of Leydens        -                 2260
The Canna of Naples      -           -       687
The Varra or Vare of Al*eria, and Gibraltar in
pain                    -            -    2 760
The Braccio of Florence              -       1913
The Palm of Genoa                      -_
The Common Braccio bf Sienna                 1242
The Braccio of &ienna, for Linnen  r.74
The Palm of the Architects at Rome, whereof
X make the Canna of the fame Architeds- 732
The Palm of the Braccio of the Merchants and
Weavers at Rome from a Marlle in the Captiol,
-with this Infcription, CVRANtE LV POETO    695A
The Large Pique of the Tirhs at Conflantinople  2200
The Small Yique of the Turks at ColJtdaNtinople,
Is to the Larger, as 3z to 32.
The Arilh of Perfa       :-                  3r97
The Derah or Cubit of the Egyptians   -      184
The Proportions of feveral Long Meafures to each other, by M. Picard.
The Rhinland or Leyden Foot ( z2 whereof make
the Rhinland Perch) fippofed              696
The Engly Foot          -7-67 5-
The Paris Foot                              7 20
The Amfierdam Foot, from that of Leyden, by
Snellius             -                    6z9
The Dani# Foot (two whereof make the Danifh
EUl)         -                            7 1ASa
The Swed#v Foot.                  -         6584
The Bru/els Foot        -      -            6o9f
The Dantzic Foot, from Hevelius's Selenographia 636
The Lyons Foot, by M.Auzout              -757;
The Bologna Foot, by the fame.        -     843
The Braccio of Florence, by the fame, and Fa-
ther Merfenne                        -   190
The Palm of the Architeds at Rome, according
to the Obfervation of MeT. Picard and A4uzout  4944
The Roman Foot in the Capitol, examin'dby Mef-
fleurs Picard and Auzout    6r        6 30r653S
The fame, from the Greek Foot    -            652
From the Vineyard Mattei               -      657
From the Palm                -               658
'From the Pavement of the Pantheon, juppofed to
contain Io Roman Feet                      65 3
From a Slip of Marble in the fame Pavement, Jup-
pofed to contain 3 Roman Feet               650
From the Pyramid of Ceflius, fuppofed to contain
3 Roman Feet                   _           65c;
From the Diameters of the Columns in the Arch of
Septimius Severus.                         6 3 3
From a Slip of Porpbiry i# the Pavement of the
.Pantheon                       - i        653*
fed from the Yard of 36 Inches, multiplied into itfelf; and
this producing z96 fquare Inches in the fquare Yard, the
Divifions of this are Square Feet and Inches; and the
Multiples, Poles, Roods, and Acres, as in the Table.
Frencb Square Meafures, are regulated by l2 fquare Lines
in the Inch fquare; Iz Inches in the Foot, 22 Feet in
the Perch, and too Perches in the Irpent, or Acre.
Englifh Square Meafures.
9  Yards
25       2-     Paces
-    u     - 9   __
2721      304    10,89    Poles
10890    1110    435,6     40    Rood
43560   4840     1743,6    16o  i  4   IAcre
GrcanSuaeMefrswrete  lsirn   Yueu    or bis: an    rua    h    afo h    
Grecian Sluare Meafares, were the Plethron, 7ugerum or bits: and -4roura,
the Half of the Pletbron. The Xroura
..dcre; by fome faid to contain 1444, by others I 0000 Cu- of the Egyptians
was the Square of 0oo Cubits.
Roman Square Meafmires reduced to Engliffh.
te Integer was a Jugerum    or Acre, which the, divided likg the Libra or
As:  Thus,
7agerum containd
Square Feet. Scruples.
As             2   08800  28T
-Deunx         264oo     264
Dextans-       24000     240
Dodrans-       21600     1i6
Bes            19100     Ig9
Septunx-       i68oo     I68
Semis -        14400     144
Quincunx--     I2000    120
Triens -        9600     96
Quadrans-       7200     72
Sextans -       4too     48
Uncia .         2400     24
Engl.Roods.Sq.Poles. Sq.Feet.
z      i9     oo
2      10     204
*      2      136
3     34      68
I   . 26      00
I     3 7     204
0f9          136
I     at      68
o     33      00
0     24      204
0      I6     I;6
*     0      68

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